The Routledge Handbook Of Material Culture In Early Modern Europe

Author : Catherine Richardson
ISBN : 9781317042846
Genre : History
File Size : 35.4 MB
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The Routledge Handbook of Material Culture in Early Modern Europe marks the arrival of early modern material culture studies as a vibrant, fully-established field of multi-disciplinary research. The volume provides a rounded, accessible collection of work on the nature and significance of materiality in early modern Europe – a term that embraces a vast range of objects as well as addressing a wide variety of human interactions with their physical environments. This stimulating view of materiality is distinctive in asking questions about the whole material world as a context for lived experience, and the book considers material interactions at all social levels. There are 27 chapters by leading experts as well as 13 feature object studies to highlight specific items that have survived from this period (defined broadly as c.1500–c.1800). These contributions explore the things people acquired, owned, treasured, displayed and discarded, the spaces in which people used and thought about things, the social relationships which cluster around goods – between producers, vendors and consumers of various kinds – and the way knowledge travels around those circuits of connection. The content also engages with wider issues such as the relationship between public and private life, the changing connections between the sacred and the profane, or the effects of gender and social status upon lived experience. Constructed as an accessible, wide-ranging guide to research practice, the book describes and represents the methods which have been developed within various disciplines for analysing pre-modern material culture. It comprises four sections which open up the approaches of various disciplines to non-specialists: ‘Definitions, disciplines, new directions’, ‘Contexts and categories’, ‘Object studies’ and ‘Material culture in action’. This volume addresses the need for sustained, coherent comment on the state, breadth and potential of this lively new field, including the work of historians, art historians, museum curators, archaeologists, social scientists and literary scholars. It consolidates and communicates recent developments and considers how we might take forward a multi-disciplinary research agenda for the study of material culture in periods before the mass production of goods.
Category: History

The Routledge Handbook Of Archaeology And Globalization

Author : Tamar Hodos
ISBN : 9781315448992
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 90.74 MB
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This unique collection applies globalization concepts to the discipline of archaeology, using a wide range of global case studies from a group of international specialists. The volume spans from as early as 10,000 cal. BP to the modern era, analysing the relationship between material culture, complex connectivities between communities and groups, and cultural change. Each contributor considers globalization ideas explicitly to explore the socio-cultural connectivities of the past. In considering social practices shared between different historic groups, and also the expression of their respective identities, the papers in this volume illustrate the potential of globalization thinking to bridge the local and global in material culture analysis. The Routledge Handbook of Archaeology and Globalization is the first such volume to take a world archaeology approach, on a multi-period basis, in order to bring together the scope of evidence for the significance of material culture in the processes of globalization. This work thus also provides a means to understand how material culture can be used to assess the impact of global engagement in our contemporary world. As such, it will appeal to archaeologists and historians as well as social science researchers interested in the origins of globalization.
Category: Social Science

Gebrochene Wissenschaftskulturen

Author : Michael Grüttner
ISBN : 9783525358993
Genre : Science
File Size : 35.92 MB
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English summary: This volume provides a critical university history of the 20th Century by examining the interaction of political system breaks and scientific developments, comparing German tendencies with international trends, and embedding the current reform debate into a long-term perspective. It begins with the supposed loss of global importance of German science in the Weimar Republic, examines the self-mobilization of research in the Third Reich, and finally contrasts the modernization problems of the GDR and the Federal Republic. German text. German description: Dieser Band regt eine kritische Universitatsgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts an, indem er die Wechselbeziehung von politischen Systembruchen und Wissenschaftsentwicklungen untersucht, deutsche Tendenzen mit internationalen Trends vergleicht und die gegenwartige Reformdebatte in eine Langzeitperspektive einbettet. Er geht vom vermeintlichen Verlust der Weltgeltung deutscher Wissenschaft in der Weimarer Republik aus, analysiert die Selbstmobilisierung der Forschung im Dritten Reich und kontrastiert abschliessend die Modernisierungsprobleme der DDR und der Bundesrepublik.
Category: Science

Formelhaftigkeit In Text Und Bild

Author : Natalia Filatkina
ISBN : 3895008133
Genre : History
File Size : 40.16 MB
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English description: This volume comprises interdisciplinary papers on different subjects in the field of the humanities, which were read at a workshop of the same name at the University of Trier in 2008. For the first time, the papers focus on the study of the construction, manifestation and dynamics of formulaic expressions in texts and images, demonstrate new methods of their analysis and cover a historical range from antiquity to the present. Above all, the volume provides the basis for a new multidisciplinary field of research on formulaic style in verbal and visual media. German description: Der Band enthalt interdisziplinar angelegte Beitrage verschiedener geisteswissenschaftlicher Facher, die im Rahmen eines gleichnamigen internationalen Workshops 2008 an der Universitat Trier gehalten wurden. Die Beitrage widmen sich erstmalig der Untersuchung der Konstruktion, Manifestation und Dynamik von formelhaften Wendungen in den Medien Text und Bild, zeigen neue Wege ihrer Analyse und spannen den zeitlichen Bogen von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Vor allem legt der Band das Fundament fur die Erschliessung eines neuen fachubergreifenden Forschungsfeldes der verbalen und visuellen Formelhaftigkeit.
Category: History

Die Reformation In Europa

Author : Ulinka Rublack
ISBN : IND:30000094656133
Genre : Reformation
File Size : 27.39 MB
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Category: Reformation

The Routledge Handbook Of Maritime Trade Around Europe 1300 1600

Author : Wim Blockmans
ISBN : 9781315278551
Genre : History
File Size : 56.13 MB
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The Routledge Handbook of Maritime Trade around Europe 1300-1600 explores the links between maritime trading networks around Europe, from the Mediterranean and the Atlantic to the North and Baltic Seas. Maritime trade routes connected diverse geographical and cultural spheres, contributing to a more integrated Europe in both cultural and material terms. This volume explores networks’ economic functions alongside their intercultural exchanges, contacts and practical arrangements in ports on the European coasts. The collection takes as its central question how shippers and merchants were able to connect regional and interregional trade circuits around and beyond Europe in the late medieval period. It is divided into four parts, with chapters in Part I looking across broad themes such as ships and sailing routes, maritime law, financial linkages and linguistic exchanges. In the following parts - divided into the Mediterranean, the Baltic Sea, and the Atlantic and North Seas - contributors present case studies addressing themes including conflict resolution, relations between different types of main ports and their hinterland, the local institutional arrangements supporting maritime trade, and the advantages and challenges of locations around the continent. The volume concludes with a summary that points to the extraterritorial character of trading systems during this fascinating period of expansion. Drawing together an international team of contributors, The Routledge Handbook of Maritime Trade around Europe is a vital contribution to the study of maritime history and the history of trade. It is essential reading for students and scholars in these fields.
Category: History

Endzeiten

Author : Wolfram Brandes
ISBN : 3110186217
Genre : Religion
File Size : 70.33 MB
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In this volume, leading scholars examine the ideas of the last days of the world held in Islam, Christianity and Judaim in the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Age. They discuss the mutual influence of these ideas together with their intended and actual political effect at the time. They open up a significant source for political and intellectual history, because apocalyptic writings are always to be found among the mighty of this world. Key Features: overview of the latest research findings, presented in the form of a handbook successful interdisciplinary dialogue particular focus on the political history and intellectual history of this epoch.
Category: Religion

Theatrum Philosophicum

Author : Claus Zittel
ISBN : 9783050061306
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 59.31 MB
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Zu den wenigen unumstößlichen Gewissheiten in der Philosophiegeschichtsschreibung zählt die Lehrmeinung, Descartes sei der Ahnherr des philosophischen Rationalismus, also einer Philosophie, die der sinnlichen Erkenntnis misstraue und einzig aus von der Vernunft intuitiv erkannten ersten Prinzipien alle weiteren Kenntnisse mit mathematischer Sicherheit deduziere. Die Anschauung habe seither als eigenständiges Erkenntnisorgan ausgedient, Bilder wurden in der Philosophie liquidiert. Schaut man jedoch nicht nur in die wenigen Texte, auf denen das klassische Descartes-Bild basiert, stellt man mit Verwunderung fest, dass Descartes weit mehr als jeder andere Philosoph der Frühen Neuzeit Bilder zur Unterstützung seiner Argumentationen eingesetzt hat. Diese Bilder sind weitgehend unbekannt. Ausgehend von Descartes’ ästhetischer Frühphilosophie, werden in der vorliegenden Arbeit zunächst die rhetorischen Muster und kognitiven Ansprüche von Descartes’ Metaphern und der Traumerzählung analysiert. Vor diesem Hintergrund werden dann die Entwicklungen und Transformationen ästhetischer Konzepte in ihrer jeweiligen Funktion für seine Naturphilosophie aufgezeigt. Descartes legt u. a. seine Schriften als Schule des Sehens an und versucht, die Imagination des Lesers zu kontrollieren und zugleich Naturphänomene bildhaft zu konzeptualisieren. Die Modi der Erfahrung und die Weisen der Erklärung werden durch die Bilder erweitert und neu konzipiert. Dadurch verändert und erweitert sich nicht zuletzt auch Descartes’ Verständnis von Deduktion und Methode. In manchen Fällen lässt sich sogar zeigen, dass die Abbildungen die Argumentationen Descartes nicht nur unterstützten, sondern sogar erst ermöglichen.
Category: Philosophy

The Routledge History Of Food

Author : Carol Helstosky
ISBN : 9781317621133
Genre : History
File Size : 48.92 MB
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The history of food is one of the fastest growing areas of historical investigation, incorporating methods and theories from cultural, social, and women’s history while forging a unique perspective on the past. The Routledge History of Food takes a global approach to this topic, focusing on the period from 1500 to the present day. Arranged chronologically, this title contains 17 originally commissioned chapters by experts in food history or related topics. Each chapter focuses on a particular theme, idea or issue in the history of food. The case studies discussed in these essays illuminate the more general trends of the period, providing the reader with insight into the large-scale and dramatic changes in food history through an understanding of how these developments sprang from a specific geographic and historical context. Examining the history of economic, technological, and cultural interactions between cultures and charting the corresponding developments in food history, The Routledge History of Food challenges readers' assumptions about what and how people have eaten, bringing fresh perspectives to well-known historical developments. It is the perfect guide for all students of social and cultural history.
Category: History