The Roman Agricultural Economy

Author : Alan Bowman
ISBN : 9780199665723
Genre : History
File Size : 71.84 MB
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This collection presents new analyses for the nature and scale of Roman agriculture. It outlines the fundamental features of agricultural production through studying the documentary and archaeological evidence for the modes of land exploitation and the organisation, development of, and investment in this sector.
Category: History

Economy Of Pompeii

Author : Andrew Wilson
ISBN : 9780198786573
Genre :
File Size : 24.18 MB
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This volume presents fourteen papers by Roman archaeologists and historians discussing approaches to the economic history of Pompeii, and the role of the Pompeian evidence in debates about the Roman economy. Four themes are discussed. The first of these is the position of Pompeii and its agricultural environment, discussing the productivity and specialization of agriculture in the Vesuvian region, and the degree to which we can explain Pompeii's size and wealth on the basis of the city's economichinterland. A second issue discussed is what Pompeians got out of their economy: how well-off were people in Pompeii? This involves discussing the consumption of everyday consumer goods, analyzing archaeobotanical remains to highlight the quality of Pompeian diets, and discussing what bone remainsreveal about the health of the inhabitants of Pompeii. A third theme is economic life in the city: how are we to understand the evidence for crafts and manufacturing? How are we to assess Pompeii's commercial topography? Who were the people who actually invested in constructing shops and workshops?In which economic contexts were Pompeian paintings produced? Finally, the volume discusses money and business: how integrated was Pompeii into the wider world of commerce and exchange, and what can the many coins found at Pompeii tell us about this? What do the wax tablets found near Pompeii tell usabout trade in the Bay of Naples in the first century AD? Together, the chapters of this volume highlight how Pompeii became a very rich community, and how it profited from its position in the centre of the Roman world.
Category:

The Roman Agricultural Economy

Author : Alan K. Bowman
ISBN : 0191751170
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 28.12 MB
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This collection presents new analyses of the nature and scale of Roman agriculture. It outlines the fundamental features of agricultural production through studying the documentary and archaeological evidence for the modes of land exploitation and the organisation, development of, and investment in this sector.
Category: Agriculture

Trade Commerce And The State In The Roman World

Author : Alan Bowman
ISBN : 9780198790662
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 43.14 MB
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This volume presents eighteen papers by leading Roman historians and archaeologists discussing trade in the Roman Empire during the period c.100 BC to AD 350. It focuses especially on the role of the Roman state in shaping the institutional framework for trade within and outside the empire, in taxing that trade, and in intervening in the markets to ensure the supply of particular commodities, especially for the city of Rome and for the army. As part of a novel interdisciplinary approach to the subject, the chapters address its myriad facets on the basis of broadly different sources of evidence: historical, papyrological, and archaeological. They are grouped into three sections, covering institutional factors (taxation, legal structures, market regulation, financial institutions); evidence for long-distance trade within the empire in wood, stone, glass, and pottery; and trade beyond the frontiers, with the east (as far as China), India, Arabia, the Red Sea, and the Sahara. Rome's external trade with realms to the east emerges as being of particular significance, but it is in the eastern part of the empire itself where the state appears to have adapted the mechanisms of taxation in collaboration with the elite holders of wealth to support its need for revenue. On the other hand, the price of that collaboration, which was in effect a fiscal partnership, ultimately led in the longer term in slightly different forms in the east and the west to a fundamental change in the political character of the empire.
Category: Architecture

Antike Wirtschaft

Author : Sitta von Reden
ISBN : 9783110398298
Genre : History
File Size : 75.20 MB
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Drawing on the latest research, this textbook surveys ancient economies, offering insights into the interconnections between agriculture, commerce, trade, markets, and tax systems while illuminating ecological, demographic, political, and technical factors. The author shows how ancient economies developed under completely different conditions than in modernity.
Category: History

Ownership And Exploitation Of Land And Natural Resources In The Roman World

Author : Paul Erdkamp
ISBN : 9780191044731
Genre : History
File Size : 46.72 MB
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Explanation of the success and failure of the Roman economy is one of the most important problems in economic history. As an economic system capable of sustaining high production and consumption levels, it was unparalleled until the early modern period. This volume focuses on how the institutional structure of the Roman Empire affected economic performance both positively and negatively. An international range of contributors offers a variety of approaches that together enhance our understanding of how different ownership rights and various modes of organization and exploitation facilitated or prevented the use of land and natural resources in the production process. Relying on a large array of resources - literary, legal, epigraphic, papyrological, numismatic, and archaeological - chapters address key questions regarding the foundations of the Roman Empire's economic system. Questions of growth, concentration and legal status of property (private, public, or imperial), the role of the state, content and limitations of rights of ownership, water rights and management, exploitation of indigenous populations, and many more receive new and original analyses that make this book a significant step forward to understanding what made the economic achievements of the Roman empire possible.
Category: History

Den V Tern Folgen

Author : Peter Scholz
ISBN : 9783938032428
Genre : History
File Size : 48.15 MB
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Diese Studie widmet sich der Sozialisation und dem auaeren wie auch inneren Erziehungsgang romischer nobiles in der spaten Republik. Sie legt dar, wie die Sohne romischer Ritter und Senatoren ihre bestimmende Pragung durch den personlichen Umgang mit familiaren Autoritaten erhielten, wie sie in Kindheit und Jugend auf die mit der politischen Laufbahn verbundenen Aufgaben vorbereitet wurden und wie sie die Jahre der intellektuellen, politisch-zivilen und militarischen "Lehrzeit" durchliefen. Aufgrund dieser familiaren Erfahrungen und Formen praktischer Bewahrung bildete sich ein spezifischer Habitus aus, der sich in einer ausgepragten physischen und intellektuellen Wehrhaftigkeit sowie im Streben nach offentlicher Wirksamkeit und Geltung ausdruckte und die Senatsaristokratie wesentlich auszeichnete. Die Untersuchung pladiert dafur, die spatestens seit 200 v.Chr. zu beobachtenden Veranderungen in der Sozialisation und Erziehung nicht langer mit dem Verweis auf die "Hellenisierung" der romischen Oberschicht zu erklaren, sondern besser als Prozess einer umfassenden "Intellektualisierung" Kindheit, Jugend, Erziehung und Bildung in der Antike "und" politische Ideen der Antike" des aristokratischen Habitus zu beschreiben.
Category: History

Wohlstand Und Armut Der Nationen

Author : David Landes
ISBN : 9783641051112
Genre : History
File Size : 32.63 MB
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Das Standardwerk zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte Kaum eine Frage ist umstrittener und stärker mit Ideologie befrachtet als die, warum manche Länder wirtschaftlich äußerst erfolgreich sind, während andere unfähig scheinen, aus ihrer Armut herauszufinden. Liegt es am Klima? An der Kultur? An der Politik? In seiner umfassenden Geschichte über die Weltwirtschaft der letzten sechshundert Jahre entwickelt David Landes Antworten auf diese Fragen und bietet zugleich ein Standardwerk zur Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft.
Category: History

Technik In Der Antike

Author : Brigitte Cech
ISBN : 3806225133
Genre : Building
File Size : 48.58 MB
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HauptbeschreibungBereits die antiken Ingenieure und Baumeister haben erstaunliche technische Leistungen vollbracht. Einzigartige Überreste wie das Pantheon oder der Pont du Gard zeugen davon. Die Antike kannte atemberaubende technische Meisterleistungen. Hochentwickelte Ingenieurskunst verband sich mit handwerklicher Präzision. Neben den bekannten Bauwerken, die heute noch bestaunt werden können, sind es insbesondere die vielen Detailfragen in den unterschiedlichen technischen Bereichen, die uns beeindrucken. Brigitte Cech stellt in diesem Band die wichtigsten Aspekte antiker Technik anschauli.
Category: Building