The Prehistory Of Britain And Ireland

Author : Richard Bradley
ISBN : 9781139462013
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40.86 MB
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Sited at the furthest limits of the Neolithic revolution and standing at the confluence of the two great sea routes of prehistory, Britain and Ireland are distinct from continental Europe for much of the prehistoric sequence. In this landmark 2007 study - the first significant survey of the archaeology of Britain and Ireland for twenty years - Richard Bradley offers an interpretation of the unique archaeological record of these islands based on a wealth of current and largely unpublished data. Bradley surveys the entire archaeological sequence over a 4,000 year period, from the adoption of agriculture in the Neolithic period to the discovery of Britain and Ireland by travellers from the Mediterranean during the later pre-Roman Iron Age. Significantly, this is the first modern account to treat Britain and Ireland on equal terms, offering a detailed interpretation of the prehistory of both islands.
Category: Social Science

European Archaeology As Anthropology

Author : Pam J. Crabtree
ISBN : 9781934536896
Genre : History
File Size : 89.70 MB
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Since the days of V. Gordon Childe, the study of the emergence of complex societies has been a central question in anthropological archaeology. However, archaeologists working in the Americanist tradition have drawn most of their models for the emergence of social complexity from research in the Middle East and Latin America. Bernard Wailes was a strong advocate for the importance of later prehistoric and early medieval Europe as an alternative model of sociopolitical evolution and trained generations of American archaeologists now active in European research from the Neolithic to the Middle Ages. Two centuries of excavation and research in Europe have produced one of the richest bodies of archaeological data anywhere in the world. The abundant data show that technological innovations such as metallurgy appeared very early, but urbanism and state formation are comparatively late developments. Key transformative process such as the spread of agriculture did not happen uniformly but rather at different rates in different regions. The essays in this volume celebrate the legacy of Bernard Wailes by highlighting the contribution of the European archaeological record to our understanding of the emergence of social complexity. They provide case studies in how ancient Europe can inform anthropological archaeology. Not only do they illuminate key research topics, they also invite archaeologists working in other parts of the world to consider comparisons to ancient Europe as they construct models for cultural development for their regions. Although there is a substantial corpus of literature on European prehistoric and medieval archaeology, we do not know of a comparable volume that explicitly focuses on the contribution that the study of ancient Europe can make to anthropological archaeology.
Category: History


Author : Michael Stausberg
ISBN : 9783110258936
Genre : Religion
File Size : 31.90 MB
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Dieses Studienbuch bietet eine vielstimmige Einführung in religionswissenschaftliches Arbeiten an deutschsprachigen Universitäten. Die 29 Kapitel geben forschungsnahe Einblicke in aktuelle Fragestellungen des Faches: Was ist Religion? Ist Religion eine europäische Erfindung? Was wissen wir über Religion in der Vorgeschichte? Wie schreibt man Religionsgeschichte unter den Vorzeichen von Kolonialismus und Globalisierung? Ist Religion Sache von Individuen? Verändert Religionswissenschaft ihren Gegenstand? Wie spricht die Religionswissenschaft über Engel und Götter? Ist Religionswissenschaft normativ? Engagieren sich Religionswissenschaftler im Dialog der Religionen? Sind Religion und Religionswissenschaft Männersache? Ist das Christentum Gegenstand der Religionswissenschaft? Sind Personenkulte Religion? Wo begegnet Religion in den Medien und im Alltag? Welche Rolle spielt die Religionswissenschaft für den Religionsunterricht? Wie ändert sich das Verhältnis von Religion und Medizin? Wie werden Religionen sinnlich fass- und wahrnehmbar (Klang, Materialität, Raum und Visualität)? Warum gibt es Konflikte um religiöse Bauwerke? Abgerundet wird der Band durch eine Einleitung und einen Anhang, der Leser/innen helfen soll, Gedankengänge der Beiträge zu rekonstruieren, Hintergrundwissen zu erarbeiten und Verbindungen zwischen den Kapiteln herzustellen.
Category: Religion

The Cambridge World History Volume 2 A World With Agriculture 12 000 Bce 500 Ce

Author : Graeme Barker
ISBN : 9781316297780
Genre : History
File Size : 42.87 MB
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The development of agriculture has often been described as the most important change in all of human history. Volume 2 of The Cambridge World History explores the origins and impact of agriculture and agricultural communities, and also discusses issues associated with pastoralism and hunter-fisher-gatherer economies. To capture the patterns of this key change across the globe, the volume uses an expanded timeframe from 12,000 BCE–500 CE, beginning with the Neolithic and continuing into later periods. Scholars from a range of disciplines, including archaeology, historical linguistics, biology, anthropology, and history, trace common developments in the more complex social structures and cultural forms that agriculture enabled, such as sedentary villages and more elaborate foodways, and then present a series of regional overviews accompanied by detailed case studies from many different parts of the world, including Southwest Asia, South Asia, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and the Pacific, Sub-Saharan Africa, the Americas, and Europe.
Category: History

The Cambridge World History Of Food

Author : Kenneth F. Kiple
ISBN : 052140214X
Genre : Food
File Size : 21.61 MB
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A two-volume set which traces the history of food and nutrition from the beginning of human life on earth through the present.
Category: Food

European Societies In The Bronze Age

Author : A. F. Harding
ISBN : 0521367298
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56.70 MB
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The European Bronze Age, roughly 2500 to 750 BC, was the last fully prehistoric period and crucial to the formation of the Europe emerging in the later first millennium BC. This book provides a detailed account of its material culture, comparing and contrasting evidence from different geographical zones, and drawing out the essential characteristics of the period. It looks at settlement, burial, economy, technology, trade and transport, warfare, and social and religious life. The result is a comprehensive study that will interest specialists and students, and be accessible to non-specialists.
Category: Social Science

American Anthropologist

Author :
ISBN : UCSC:32106019339339
Genre : Anthropology
File Size : 84.7 MB
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Category: Anthropology

Prehistoric Britain

Author : Ann Woodward
ISBN : 9781785705359
Genre : History
File Size : 63.40 MB
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Pottery has become one of the major categories of artefact that is used in reconstructing the lives and habits of prehistoric people. In these 14 papers, members of the Prehistoric Ceramics Research Group discuss the many ways in which pottery is used to study chronology, behavioural changes, inter-relationships between people and between people and their environment, technology and production, exchange, settlement organisation, cultural expression, style and symbolism.
Category: History

Theory And Practice In Archaeology

Author : Ian Hodder
ISBN : 9781134797349
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.6 MB
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In this latest collection of his articles, of which seven are written especially for this volume, Ian Hodder captures and continues the lively controversy of the 1980s over symbolic and structural approaches to archaeology. The book acts as an overview of the developments in the discipline over the last decade; yet Hodder's brief is far wider. His aim is to break down the division between the intellectual and the "dirt" archaeologist to demonstrate that in this discipline more than any other, theory must be related to practice to save effectively our rapidly diminishing heritage.
Category: Social Science