THE PALAEOLITHIC SOCIETIES OF EUROPE CAMBRIDGE WORLD ARCHAEOLOGY

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The Palaeolithic Societies Of Europe

Author : Clive Gamble
ISBN : 0521658721
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.73 MB
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Clive Gamble's overview of Palaeolithic societies, building on his The Palaeolithic Settlement of Europe (1986).
Category: Social Science

The Palaeolithic Settlement Of Europe

Author : Clive Gamble
ISBN : 0521287642
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71.41 MB
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A major survey of the prehistoric hunter-gatherer societies of Europe, this book reviews the topical information and interpretations for scientific research. Palaeolithic studies are at an exciting point of transition. The explosion in ethno-archaeological studies has fundamentally challenged our models and interpretations amongst all classes of data and at all spatial scales of analysis. Furthermore the traditional concerns of dating and quaternary studies have also passed through their own revolutions and palaeolithic archaeology is the direct beneficiary. Dr Gamble presents in an imaginative but comprehensive framework our changing perspectives of Europe's oldest societies.
Category: Social Science

Europe In The Neolithic

Author : A. W. R. Whittle
ISBN : 0521449200
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 20.53 MB
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This uniquely broad and challenging book reviews the latest archaeological evidence on Neolithic Europe from 7,000-2,500 BC. Describing important areas, sites and problems, Dr. Whittle addresses the major themes that have engaged the attention of scholars: the transition from a forager lifestyle; the rate and dynamics of change; and the nature of Neolithic society. A revised version of Whittle's Neolithic Europe: A Survey (CUP, 1985), the book reflects radical changes in evidence and in interpretive approaches over the past decade.
Category: Social Science

European Societies In The Bronze Age

Author : A. F. Harding
ISBN : 0521367298
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.33 MB
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The European Bronze Age, roughly 2500 to 750 BC, was the last fully prehistoric period and crucial to the formation of the Europe emerging in the later first millennium BC. This book provides a detailed account of its material culture, comparing and contrasting evidence from different geographical zones, and drawing out the essential characteristics of the period. It looks at settlement, burial, economy, technology, trade and transport, warfare, and social and religious life. The result is a comprehensive study that will interest specialists and students, and be accessible to non-specialists.
Category: Social Science

A View To A Kill

Author : Gerrit Leendert Dusseldorp
ISBN : 9789088900204
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21.18 MB
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The sophistication of Neanderthal behavioural strategies have been the subject of debate from the moment of their recognition as a separate species of hominin in 1856. This book presents a study on Neanderthal foraging prowess. Novel ethnographic and primatological insights, suggest that increasing dependence on high quality foods, such as meat, caused the brain to evolve to a large size and thus led to highly intelligent hominins. From this baseline, the author studies the Neanderthal archaeological record in order to gain insight into the knowledge-intensity of Neanderthal hunting behaviour. In this research, an optimal foraging perspective is applied to Pleistocene bone assemblages. According to this perspective, foraging success is an important factor in an individuals evolutionary fitness. Therefore foraging is organised as efficiently as possible. The prey species that were selected and hunted by Neanderthals are analysed. The author investigates economic considerations that influenced Neanderthal prey choice. These considerations are based on estimates of the population densities of the available prey species and on estimates of the relative difficulty of hunting those species. The results demonstrate that when Neanderthals operated within poor environments, their prey choice was constrained: they were not able to hunt species living in large herds. In these environments, solitary species were the preferred prey. It is striking that Neanderthals successfully focussed on the largest and most dangerous species in poor environments. However, in richer environments, these constraints were lifted and species living in herds were successfully exploited. In order to assess the accuracy of this approach, bone assemblages formed by cave hyenas are also analysed. The combined results of the Neanderthal and hyena analyses show that an optimal foraging perspective provides a powerful tool to increase our understanding of Pleistocene ecology. The niches of two social carnivores of similar size, which were seemingly similar, are successfully distinguished. This result lends extra credence to the conclusions regarding Neanderthal foraging strategies. This book contributes to the debate surrounding Neanderthal competence and ability. It combines an up-to-date review of current knowledge on Neanderthal biology and archaeology, with novel approaches to the archaeological record. It is thus an important contribution to the current knowledge of this enigmatic species.
Category: Social Science

The Archaeology Of The Caucasus

Author : Antonio Sagona
ISBN : 9781107016590
Genre : History
File Size : 85.65 MB
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This conspectus brings together in an accessible and systematic manner a dizzy array of archaeological cultures situated between several worlds.
Category: History

Settling The Earth

Author : Clive Gamble
ISBN : 9781107013261
Genre : History
File Size : 66.57 MB
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How and when did we become the only human species to settle the whole earth? How did our brains become so large? In this book, Clive Gamble sets out to answer these fundamental questions, digging deep into the archives of archaeology, fossil ancestors and human genetics. The wealth of detail in these sources allows him to write a completely new account of our earliest beginnings: a deep history in which we devised solutions not only to the technical challenges of global settlement but also cracked the problem, long before writing and smartphones, of how to live apart yet stay in touch.
Category: History

The Archaeology Of Ancient Greece

Author : James Whitley
ISBN : 0521627338
Genre : Art
File Size : 62.35 MB
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A synthesis of research on the material culture of Greece in the Archaic and Classical periods, first published in 2001.
Category: Art

The Early Upper Paleolithic Beyond Western Europe

Author : P. Jeffrey Brantingham
ISBN : 0520238516
Genre : History
File Size : 34.69 MB
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Annotation Prominent archaeologists present new archaeological evidence from Europe and Asia that bears on the origin of modern humans and their culture. This evidence collectively suggests that modern human behavior emerged gradually and across a broad geographic area, in contrast to the scenario based on previous evidence from western Europe.
Category: History

Desolate Landscapes

Author : John F. Hoffecker
ISBN : 0813529921
Genre : Nature
File Size : 59.50 MB
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Ice-Age Eastern Europe was an inhospitable place, isolated from the moderating influence of oceans. Unlike Western Europe, which was settled over half a million years ago, Eastern Europe remained largely unoccupied until the appearance of the cold-adapted Neanderthals. When modern humans arrived from southern latitudes, they were anatomically less suited to colder climates, but successfully colonized Eastern Europe with the aid of innovative technologies that their Neanderthal predecessors lacked. John F. Hoffecker provides an overview of Pleistocene or Ice-Age settlement in Eastern Europe with a heavy focus on the adaptations of Neanderthals and modern humans to this harsh environmental setting. Hoffecker argues that the Eastern European record reveals a stark contrast between Neanderthals and modern humans with respect to technology and social organization, both of which are tied to the development of language and the use of symbols. Desolate Landscapes will bring readers up to date with the rich archaeological record in this significant region and its contribution to our understanding of one of the most important events in human evolution-the rise of modern humans and the extinction of the Neanderthals. John F. Hoffecker is a research associate at the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder. He is the author of many publications on the archaeology of people in cold environments.
Category: Nature