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The Logic Of Collective Action

Author : Mancur OLSON
ISBN : 9780674283275
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80.16 MB
Format : PDF
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This book develops an original theory of group and organizational behavior that cuts across disciplinary lines and illustrates the theory with empirical and historical studies of particular organizations. Applying economic analysis to the subjects of the political scientist, sociologist, and economist, Mancur Olson examines the extent to which individuals who share a common interest find it in their individual interest to bear the costs of the organizational effort.
Category: Business & Economics

Charity With Choice

Author : R. Mark Issac
ISBN : 9781849507691
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86.6 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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Deals with philanthropy. This title includes major themes in which the tools of choice, endogeneity, and self-selection are employed such as: What increases or decreases charitable activity? and How do organizational and managerial issues affect the performance of non-profit organizations?
Category: Social Science

Advancing Democracy Government And Governance

Author : Andrea Kö
ISBN : 9783642327018
Genre : Computers
File Size : 69.20 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Joint International Conference on Electronic Government and the Information Systems Perspective, and Electronic Democracy, EGOVIS/EDEM 2012, held in Vienna, Austria, in September 2012, in conjunction with DEXA 2012. The 27 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. They cover topics from recent research fields such as open data, cloud applications, interoperability and e-government architectures, Web 2.0 and Web 3.0 solutions and public dialogies. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: e-government country studies; e-government processes; identy management in e-government; e-government: process management; e-participation; social networks; and open data.
Category: Computers

Democratic Transformation And Obstruction

Author : Nelli Babayan
ISBN : 9781317750611
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 87.73 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Although "democracy promotion" has become a popular term for policy makers and scholars, democratization is rarely a smooth or linear transition. While some countries quickly democratize, others lag behind despite a long period of democracy promotion activities. Furthermore, while democracy promotion itself has been widely studied, there is a paucity of literature available assessing the outcome or the impact of democracy promotion. This book investigates democracy promotion by the European Union and the United States of America, and seeks to uncover why intensive democracy promotion has resulted in limited democratic progress. Exploring case studies of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, this book examines the conditions in which democracy promotion is more likely to result in democratic transformation. In addition, it introduces the concept of the "democracy blocker," a powerful authoritarian regional actor that is capable of blocking democratization in other countries. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Political Science, Democracy, Democratization, EU Studies, US Politics, Comparative Politics, and Foreign Policy.
Category: Political Science

Working Together

Author : Amy R. Poteete
ISBN : 9781400835157
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89.20 MB
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Advances in the social sciences have emerged through a variety of research methods: field-based research, laboratory and field experiments, and agent-based models. However, which research method or approach is best suited to a particular inquiry is frequently debated and discussed. Working Together examines how different methods have promoted various theoretical developments related to collective action and the commons, and demonstrates the importance of cross-fertilization involving multimethod research across traditional boundaries. The authors look at why cross-fertilization is difficult to achieve, and they show ways to overcome these challenges through collaboration. The authors provide numerous examples of collaborative, multimethod research related to collective action and the commons. They examine the pros and cons of case studies, meta-analyses, large-N field research, experiments and modeling, and empirically grounded agent-based models, and they consider how these methods contribute to research on collective action for the management of natural resources. Using their findings, the authors outline a revised theory of collective action that includes three elements: individual decision making, microsituational conditions, and features of the broader social-ecological context. Acknowledging the academic incentives that influence and constrain how research is conducted, Working Together reworks the theory of collective action and offers practical solutions for researchers and students across a spectrum of disciplines.
Category: Social Science

Perspectives On Positive Political Economy

Author : James E. Alt
ISBN : 0521398517
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80.68 MB
Format : PDF
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This volume serves as an introduction to the field of positive political economy and the economic and political processes with which it is concerned. This new research tradition is distinct from both normative and historical approaches to political economy. Grounded in the rational-actor methodology of microeconomics, positive political economy is the study of rational decisions in a context of political and economic institutions. More analytical than traditional approaches, it is concerned with the derivation of principles and propositions against which real-world experience may be compared. Its focus is on empirical regularities, and its goal is theoretical explanation. The field has focused on three main areas of research: models of collective action, constraints on competitive market processes, and the analysis of transaction costs. Developments in all of these areas are covered in the book. The first part of the volume surveys the field, while the second part displays positive political economy at work, examining a variety of subjects. The final part contains essays by leading political economists on the theoretical foundations of the field.
Category: Business & Economics

Governing The Commons

Author : Elinor Ostrom
ISBN : 9781107569782
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 60.95 MB
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Tackles one of the most enduring and contentious issues of positive political economy: common pool resource management.
Category: Political Science

The Macro Polity

Author : Robert S. Erikson
ISBN : 0521564859
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 73.2 MB
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The Macro Polity provides the first comprehensive model of American politics at the system level. Focusing on the interactions between citizen evaluations and preferences, government activity and policy, and how the combined acts of citizens and governments influence one another over time, it integrates understandings of matters such as economic outcomes, presidential approval, partisanship, elections, and government policy-making into a single model. The book's macro and longitudinal focus makes it possible to directly connect the behaviors of electorate and government.
Category: Business & Economics