The Archaeology Of North Pacific Fisheries

Author : Madonna L. Moss
ISBN : 9781602231474
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65.79 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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For thousands of years, fisheries were crucial to the sustenance of the First Peoples of the Pacific Coast. Yet human impact has left us with a woefully incomplete understanding of their histories prior to the industrial era. Covering Alaska, British Columbia, and Puget Sound, The Archaeology of North Pacific Fisheries illustrates how the archaeological record reveals new information about ancient ways of life and the histories of key species. Individual chapters cover salmon, as well as a number of lesser-known species abundant in archaeological sites, including pacific cod, herring, rockfish, eulachon, and hake. In turn, this ecological history informs suggestions for sustainable fishing in today’s rapidly changing environment.
Category: Social Science

The Evolution Of Complex Hunter Gatherers

Author : Ben Fitzhugh
ISBN : 0306478536
Genre : History
File Size : 49.58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Complex hunter-gatherers have captivated anthropological and archaeological interest in the past two decades. Where it was once commonplace to view hunting and gathering as little more than a starting point for social evolution, today scholars appreciate great diversity in past and present hunter-gatherer societies. The challenge of explaining the development of complexity in hunter-gatherer groups breathes new life into hunter-gatherer studies, focusing not only on adaptive variation but also on evolution and history. This book makes a contribution to the developing field of complex hunter-gatherer studies with an archaeological analysis of the development of one such group. This book examines the evolution of complex hunter-gatherers on the North Pacific coast of Alaska. It strives to account for the dynamics and processes that transformed a population from low density, disaggregated, relatively mobile, and relatively egalitarian organizations into the demographically dense, sedentary, aggregated, militaristic, and ranked/stratified populations around the North Pacific by the time of ethnographic contact. To do so, this book examines seven thousand years of archaeological history on the Kodiak Archipelago - a region that 250 years ago was part of a broader phenomenon of complex hunter-gatherers ringing the North American Pacific Northwest Coast from California to the Aleutian Islands. This is one of the first books available to examine in depth the social evolution of a specific complex hunter-gatherer tradition on the North Pacific Rim. As such, it provides readers with an intimate look at archaeological evidence integrated into a problem-oriented study of emergent complex hunter-gatherers. It will be of interest to professional archaeologists, anthropologists, students of archaeology and anthropology, and general readers interested in social evolution, complex hunter-gatherers, and/or Alaskan prehistory.
Category: History

The Hoko River Archaeological Site Complex

Author : Dale R. Croes
ISBN : 087422117X
Genre : History
File Size : 87.45 MB
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Three thousand years ago, Native Americans on Washington's Olympic Peninsula occupied a key seasonal fishing camp on a bar of the Hoko River, close to the south shore of the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Over the centuries, these ocean-oriented peoples discarded cordage, basketry, bent-wood fishhooks, woodworking tools, faunal and floral remains, and other cultural materials at a bend in the Hoko River. The perishable items were remarkably preserved in wet, low-oxygen deposits. From 1977 to 1989, archaeologists under the direction of Dr. Dale R. Croes excavated these deposits, as well as nearby habitation sites, recovering nearly 5,000 artifacts. Today this project is recognized as one of the most important "wet" archaeological sites in the Pacific Northwest, where hydraulic excavation techniques were developed and utilized. Croes's analysis of the site is a valuable contribution to the archaeological and anthropological literature of the Olympic Peninsula and the Northwest Coast cultural areas. The study includes comparisons with other Northwest wet sites, particularly the mud-slide buried Ozette longhouses on the outer Olympic Peninsula.
Category: History

An Application Of The Linear Regression Technique For Determining Length And Weight Of Six Fish Taxa

Author : Trevor J. Orchard
ISBN : UOM:39015058074579
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 90.96 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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As the title indicates, this study compares the `skeletal element size and the live length and weight' of six types of fish (Pacific cod, Walleye pollock, Atka mackerel, Greenling, Rockfish and Irish Lords) in order to reconstruct the original size of specimens. The remains were recovered from five archaeological sites from three islands in the Aleutian archipelago of Alaska. The aims of the study, and thesis, were to determine diet during prehistory and to identify changes in the environment and climate. Much of the study examines the methodological problems and implications of the study.
Category: Social Science