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Social Capital And Civil Society

Author : Francis Fukuyama
Genre : Civil society
File Size : 43.33 MB
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Social capital is an instantiated informal norm that promotes cooperation between individuals. In the economic sphere it reduces transaction costs, and in the political sphere it promotes the kind of associational life that is necessary for the success of limited government and modern democracy. Although social capital often arises from iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma games, it also is a byproduct of religion, tradition, shared historical experience, and other types of cultural norms. Thus whereas awareness of social capital is often critical for understanding development, it is difficult to generate through public policy.
Category: Civil society

Generating Social Capital

Author : M. Hooghe
ISBN : 9781403979544
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65.56 MB
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Social capital - networks of civic engagements, norms of reciprocity, and attitudes of trust - is widely seen as playing a key role for the health of democracy. While many authors have examined the consequences of social capital, there is a pressing need to explore its sources. This collection brings together leading American and European scholars in the first comparative analysis of how social trust and other civic attitudes are generated. The contributors to this volume examine the generation of social capital from two directions: society-based approaches that emphasize voluntary associations, and institutional approaches that emphasize policy.
Category: Social Science

Beyond Tocqueville

Author : Bob Edwards
ISBN : 1584651253
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88.24 MB
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An interdisciplinary collection of historical and comparative articles on civil society and the social capital debate.
Category: Political Science

Urban Social Capital

Author : Gregory W. Streich
ISBN : 9781317003434
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24.11 MB
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This volume presents a kaleidoscopic view of the norms and forms of contemporary city life, focusing especially on the processes of social capital (de)formation in the urban milieu. It brings together studies from highly diverse urban settings, such as squatter re-settlement projects in Kathmandu, urban funeral societies in Africa, an HIV/AIDS community in Los Angeles, the poor of Harare, pensioners in Shanghai, Maori gangs in Auckland, and a Roma boxing club in Prague, among others. Contributors draw on contemporary theory and research in social capital, political economy, urban planning and policy, social movements, civil society and democracy to explore how social norms, networks, connections and ties are created, deployed - and often frayed - under conditions of social complexity, inequality, cultural pluralism, and the ethno-racial diversity and division characteristic of urban contexts throughout the world. In this way, the volume engages in a genuinely globalized - and globalizing - discussion of contemporary urban social life and stands as a unique and timely interdisciplinary contribution to the ever-expanding literature devoted to social capital.
Category: Social Science

Investigating Social Capital

Author : Sanjeev Prakash
ISBN : 0761996907
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62.9 MB
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Papers presented at the Investigating Social Capital Workshop, held at Solstrand during 18-21 May 2000.
Category: Social Science

The Myth Of Civil Society

Author : O. Encarnación
ISBN : 9781403981646
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89.91 MB
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Almost irrespective of the geographic setting, the debate about the future of democracy in post-authoritarian societies is increasingly tied to the strength of civil society. A strong civil society is thought to be crucial to the emergence of successful democracies while a weak civil society is deemed the cause of flawed or frozen democracies. Using contrasting evidence from Spain and Brazil, this study challenges these widespread assumptions about contemporary democratization. It argues that it is the performance of political institutions rather than the configuration of civil society that determines the consolidation of democratic regimes.
Category: Social Science

Civil Society Contribution To Building Social Capital For Development In Egypt

Author : Dahlia Ghobashy
ISBN : OCLC:961423133
Genre : Civil society
File Size : 87.95 MB
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Abstract: Over the last decades, social capital was granted a big recognition in development studies, as an intangible resource that stems from the density and quality of human interactions, social exchanges and relations. Such relations have been suggested through the wide literature of social sciences, to have positive effects on various outcomes; namely, education, economic, civic participation, governance, civil society and well-being. Coupled with voluntary associations, social capital and civil society were framed in a complementary perspective, to help fostering the process of development. In fact, social capital defined as networks together with shared norms and values for common objectives, has as its major component the value of trust. While encompassing many other features and attributes, the author will focus on studying three aspects of indicators of social capital; which are trust, cooperation and collective action and volunteerism. This paper examines the actual role of civil society that is the potential contribution of its associations, to build social capital for development, in Egypt. Two community-based development associations are subject of the research: ‘Misr El-Mahrousa Balady’ and ‘Peace and Plenty’. The findings of the research suggest recommendations for policy makers, development practitioners, civil society organizations and donors, to invest in building social capital as a valuable social stock to achieve sustainable community development. In sum, this research is a contribution that can boost the development interventions in Egypt. Keywords: civil society, social capital, trust, cooperation, collective action, volunteerism, development.
Category: Civil society

Bowling Alone

Author : Robert D. Putnam
ISBN : 9780743203043
Genre : History
File Size : 72.98 MB
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Shows how changes in work, family structure, women's roles, and other factors have caused people to become increasingly disconnected from family, friends, neighbors, and democratic structures--and how they may reconnect.
Category: History