The Social Psychology Of Science

Author : William R. Shadish
ISBN : 089862021X
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 27.16 MB
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The social psychology of science is a compelling new area of study whose shape is still emerging. This erudite and innovative book outlines a theoretical and methodological agenda for this new field, and bridges the gap between the individually focused aspects of psychology and the sociological elements of science studies. Presenting a side of social psychology that, until now, has received almost no attention in the social sciences literature, this volume offers the first detailed and comprehensive study of the social psychology of science, complete with a large number of empirical and theoretical examples. The volume's introductory section provides a detailed analysis of how modern social psychology might apply to the study of science. Chapters show how to analyze science in terms of social cognition, attribution theory, attitudes and attitude change, social motivation, social influence and social conformity, and intergroup relations, weaving extensive illustrations from the science studies literature into the theoretical analysis. The nature and role of experimentation are discussed, as are metaanalytic methods for summarizing the results of multiple studies. Ways to facilitate the generalization of causal inferences from experimental work are also examined. The book focuses on such topics as interactions among small groups of scientists, and the impact of social motivation, influence, and conformity on scientific work. Also covered are scientists' responses to ethical issues in research, differences in cognitive style distribution, creativity in research and development, and the sociologists's view of the social psychology of science and technology. In addition, the book provides two annotated bibliographies, one on the philosophy of science and the other on social psychology, to guide readers in both disciplines to salient recent works. Valuable to the entire science studies community, this text will be of special interest to philosophers, sociologists, psychologists, and historians of science interested in the nature of knowledge development in science. Because of its novel application of social psychological theories and methods, this book will be useful as a primary text or a secondary text in courses on science studies in psychology, sociology, or philosophy departments.
Category: Psychology

Psychology Of Science

Author : Robert W. Proctor
ISBN : 9780199753628
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26.9 MB
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Symposium held at Purdue Univ. in June 4-5, 2010.
Category: Medical

Psychology Of Science

Author : Barry Gholson
ISBN : 0521354102
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 44.26 MB
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This 1989 book offers a comprehensive overview of the work of scholars in several different disciplines contributing to the development of the psychology of science: the systematic elaboration and application of psychological concepts and methods to clarify the nature of the scientific enterprise.
Category: Psychology

The Psychology Of Science And The Origins Of The Scientific Mind

Author : Gregory J. Feist
ISBN : 0300133480
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 45.80 MB
Format : PDF
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In this book, Gregory Feist reviews and consolidates the scattered literatures on the psychology of science, then calls for the establishment of the field as a unique discipline. He offers the most comprehensive perspective yet on how science came to be possible in our species and on the important role of psychological forces in an individual’s development of scientific interest, talent, and creativity. Without a psychological perspective, Feist argues, we cannot fully understand the development of scientific thinking or scientific genius. The author explores the major subdisciplines within psychology as well as allied areas, including biological neuroscience and developmental, cognitive, personality, and social psychology, to show how each sheds light on how scientific thinking, interest, and talent arise. He assesses which elements of scientific thinking have their origin in evolved mental mechanisms and considers how humans may have developed the highly sophisticated scientific fields we know today. In his fascinating and authoritative book, Feist deals thoughtfully with the mysteries of the human mind and convincingly argues that the creation of the psychology of science as a distinct discipline is essential to deeper understanding of human thought processes.
Category: Psychology

Scientific Genius

Author : Dean Keith Simonton
ISBN : 0521352878
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 54.19 MB
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Simonton develops a theory of scientific genius, using Donald Campbell's "blind variation and selective retention" model of creativity as his starting point, and expands it into his own "chance-configuration" theory. He then uses this to account for key aspects of pathbreaking science: the mental processes and behaviors behind the creative act, the cogntive and motivational styles of great scientists, the causes and consequences of exceptional productivity, and the developmental antecedents of distinguished scientific work. The phenomenon of multiple discovery (where two or more independent investigators chance upon the same finding) is shown to provide some of the best empirical evidence on behalf of the theoretical arguement. A concluding chapter outlines the broader implications of the theory for the measurement of genius in science, and places it in the context of the alternative metasciences--the philosophy, sociology, and psychology of science.
Category: Psychology

Handbook Of The Psychology Of Science

Author : Gregory Feist, PhD
ISBN : 9780826106230
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 21.84 MB
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" Few resources are available to educators in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science. This handbook fills this void by providing an empirically based compendium of current knowledge about this newly established discipline. Written by two pioneers in the study of the cognitive and social processes involved in scientific and innovative behaviors, it follows on the heels of the first organized society (The International Society for the Psychology of Science and Technology) in 2006, and the first peer-reviewed journal (Journal of the Psychology of Science and Technology) launched in 2008. Key Topics: Introduction to the Psychology of Science Foundational Psychologies of Science (includes the development of scientific thinking and causal reasoning, development of children's scientific knowledge, historical case models, computational approaches, and personality, social, and clinical psychologies of science) Special Topics in the Psychology of Science (includes creativity and genius, gender issues, uncertainty and visual data analysis, thinking and reasoning in the lab, innovation and conceptual change, psychology of technology, psychobiology of science, conflict and cooperation in science, and more) Applied Psychology of Science (the psychology of pseudo-science, post-modernism, naturalism and different views of science, how children learn and are taught science) Past and Future of Psychology of Science (quantitative trends and the future of the psychology of science) Handbook of the Psychology of Science will at last provide educators of the psychology of science and the cognitive science of science with a state-of-the-art, all-inclusive text with which to disseminate current knowledge about this growing discipline. "
Category: Psychology

The Psychology Of Science Text Comprehension

Author : Jose Otero
ISBN : 9781135647179
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 27.98 MB
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This volume's goal is to provide readers with up-to-date information on the research and theory of scientific text comprehension. It is widely acknowledged that the comprehension of science and technological artifacts is very difficult for both children and adults. The material is conceptually complex, there is very little background knowledge for most individuals, and the materials are often poorly written. Therefore, it is no surprise that students are turned off from learning science and technology. Given these challenges, it is important to design scientific text in a fashion that fits the cognitive constraints of the learner. The enterprise of textbook design needs to be effectively integrated with research in discourse processing, educational technology, and cognitive science. This book takes a major step in promoting such an integration. This volume: *provides an important integration of research and theory with theoretical, methodological, and educational applications; *includes a number of chapters that cover how science text information affects mental representations and strategies; *introduces important suggestions about how text design and new technologies can be thought of as pedagogical features; and *establishes academic text taxonomies and a consensus of the criteria to organize inferences and other mental mechanisms.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Creativity Psychology And The History Of Science

Author : H.E. Gruber
ISBN : 9781402035098
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23.19 MB
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Creativity, Psychology, and the History of Science offers for the first time a comprehensive overview of the oeuvre of Howard E. Gruber, who is noted for his contributions both to the psychology of creativity and to the history of science. The present book includes papers from a wide range of topics. In the contributions to creativity research, Gruber proposes his key ideas for studying creative work. Gruber focuses on how the thinking, motivation and affect of extraordinarily creative individuals evolve and how they interact over long periods of time. Gruber’s approach bridges many disciplines and subdisciplines in psychology and beyond, several of which are represented in the present volume: cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, history of science, aesthetics, and politics. The volume thus presents a unique and comprehensive contribution to our understanding of the creative process. Many of Gruber's papers have not previously been easily accessible; they are presented here in thoroughly revised form.
Category: Social Science

The Psychology Of Learning Science

Author : Shawn M. Glynn
ISBN : 9781136469404
Genre : Education
File Size : 37.40 MB
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Focusing on the teaching and learning of science concepts at the elementary and high school levels, this volume bridges the gap between state-of-the-art research and classroom practice in science education. The contributors -- science educators, cognitive scientists, and psychologists -- draw clear connections between theory, research, and instructional application, with the ultimate goal of improving science teachers' effectiveness in the classroom. Toward this end, explicit models, illustrations, and examples drawn from actual science classes are included.
Category: Education