MASSACRE AT FORT WILLIAM HENRY

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Massacre At Fort William Henry

Author : David R. Starbuck
ISBN : 1584651660
Genre : History
File Size : 62.68 MB
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An archeologist s lively illustrated portrayal of 18th-century America s most infamous siege and massacre."
Category: History

Betrayals

Author : Ian K. Steele
ISBN : 0195363191
Genre : History
File Size : 89.18 MB
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On the morning of August 9, 1757, British and colonial officers defending the besieged Fort William Henry surrendered to French forces, accepting the generous "parole of honor" offered by General Montcalm. As the column of British and colonials marched with their families and servants to Fort Edward some miles south, they were set upon by the Indian allies of the French. The resulting "massacre," thought to be one of the bloodiest days of the French and Indian War, became forever ingrained in American myth by James Fenimore Cooper's classic novel The Last of the Mohicans. In Betrayals, historian Ian K. Steele gives us the true story behind Cooper's famous book, bringing to life men such as British commander of Fort William Henry George Monro, English General Webb, his French counterpart Montcalm, and the wild frontier world of Natty Bumppo. The Battle of Lake George and the building of the fort marked the return of European military involvement in intercolonial wars, producing an explosive mixture of the contending martial values of Indians, colonials, and European regulars. The Americans and British who were attacked after surrendering, as well as French officers and their Indian allies (the latter enraged by the small amount of English booty allowed them by the French), all felt deeply betrayed. Contemporary accounts of the victims--whose identities Steele has carefully reconstructed from newly discovered sources--helped to create a powerful, racist American folk memory that still resonates today. Survivors included men and women who were adopted into Indian tribes, sold to Canadians in a well-established white servant trade, or jailed in Canada or France as prisoners of war. Explaining the motives for the most notorious massacre of the colonial period, Steele offers a gripping tale of a fledgling America, one which places the tragic events of the Seven Years' War in a fresh historical context. Anyone interested in the fact behind the fiction will find it fascinating reading.
Category: History

Fort William Henry 1755 57

Author : Ian Castle
ISBN : 9781782002758
Genre : History
File Size : 88.5 MB
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After the British garrison of Fort William Henry in the colony of New York surrendered to the besieging army of the French commander Marquis de Montcalm in August 1757, it appeared that this particular episode of the French and Indian War was over. What happened next became the most infamous incident of the war ? and one which forms an integral part of James Fenimore Cooper's classic novel The Last of the Mohicans ? the 'massacre' of Fort William Henry. As the garrison prepared to march for Fort Edward a flood of enraged Native Americans swept over the column, unleashing an unstoppable tide of slaughter. Cooper's version has coloured our view of the incident, so what really happened? Ian Castle details new research on the campaign, including some fascinating archaeological work that has taken place over the last 20 years, updating the view put forward by The Last of the Mohicans.
Category: History

The Last Of The Mohicans

Author : James Fenimore Cooper
ISBN : OXFORD:503972368
Genre : American literature
File Size : 41.13 MB
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Category: American literature

The Legacy Of Fort William Henry

Author : David R. Starbuck
ISBN : 9781611685480
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61.77 MB
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Fort William Henry, America's early frontier fort at the southern end of Lake George, New York, was a flashpoint for conflict between the British and French empires in America. The fort is perhaps best known as the site of a massacre of British soldiers by Native Americans allied with the French that took place in 1757. Over the past decade, new and exciting archeological findings, in tandem with modern forensic methods, have changed our view of life at the fort prior to the massacre, by providing physical evidence of the role that Native Americans played on both sides of the conflict. Intertwining recent revelations with those of the past, Starbuck creates a lively narrative beginning with the earliest Native American settlement on Lake George. He pays special attention to the fort itself: its reconstruction in the 1950s, the major discoveries of the 1990s, and the archeological disclosures of the past few years. He further discusses the importance of forensic anthropology in uncovering the secrets of the past, reviews key artifacts discovered at the fort, and considers the relevance of Fort William Henry and its history in the twenty-first century. Three appendixes treat exhibits since the 1950s; foodways; and General Daniel Webb's surrender letter of August 17, 1757.
Category: Social Science

Frontier Forts Under Fire

Author : Paul Williams
ISBN : 9781476670935
Genre : History
File Size : 24.90 MB
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Fort William Henry and Fort Phil Kearny were both military outposts of the North American frontier. Both lasted but briefly--about two years from construction until their walls went up in flames. And both saw what were termed "massacres" by Indians outside their walls. This book reexamines the traumatic events at both forts. The Fort William Henry Massacre was condemned by both British and French as barbaric. Yet these European powers proved capable of similar crimes. The Fort Phil Kearny defeat, traditionally attributed to Captain William Fetterman's having disobeyed orders, has been scrutinized in recent years. Did the women present at that time write a distorted version of events? It would appear his second-in-command, the rash Lieutenant George Grummond, led the charge over Lodge Trail Ridge. Or did he?
Category: History

Massacres By Native Americans

Author : Source Wikipedia
ISBN : 1230526307
Genre :
File Size : 50.87 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 73. Chapters: Siege of Fort William Henry, Dakota War of 1862, Battle of Frenchtown, Raid on Deerfield, Apalachee massacre, Indian massacre of 1622, Fort Parker massacre, Battle of Wyoming, John Williams Gunnison, St. Clair's Defeat, Great Raid of 1840, Lachine massacre, Indian Creek massacre, Muncey Massacre, Cherry Valley massacre, Taos Revolt, Battle of Long Sault, Spirit Lake Massacre, Almon W. Babbitt, Spafford Farm massacre, Crow Creek massacre, Battle of Thomas Creek, Whitman massacre, Clark Massacre, Alma, New Mexico, Big Bottom massacre, Fort Mims massacre, Pigeon Roost State Historic Site, Corbly Family Massacre, Zwaanendael Colony, Battle of Cooke's Canyon, Battle of Woody Point, Northkill Amish Settlement, Wiseman Massacre, Gallinas Massacre, Temecula Massacre, Fountain Green Massacre, Pauma Massacre, Draper's Meadow massacre, Wickenburg massacre, Schenectady massacre, Candlemas Massacre, Battle of Claremore Mound, American Ranch Massacre, Killough massacre, Salt Creek Canyon Massacre, Halloway Massacre, Long Run Massacre, Pontiac's Rebellion school massacre, Second Magdalena Massacre, Warren Wagon Train Raid, First Magdalena Massacre, Chatto, Lively Massacre, Slaughter Slough. Excerpt: The Siege of Fort William Henry was conducted in August 1757 by French General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm against the British-held Fort William Henry. The fort, located at the southern end of Lake George, on the frontier between the British Province of New York and the French Province of Canada, was garrisoned by a poorly supported force of British regulars and provincial militia led by Lieutenant Colonel George Monro. After several days of bombardment, Monro surrendered to Montcalm, whose force included nearly 2,000 Indians from a large number of tribes. The terms of surrender included the withdrawal of the garrison to Fort Edward, ..
Category:

Bloody Mohawk

Author : Richard J. Berleth
ISBN : 1883789664
Genre : History
File Size : 76.5 MB
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This sweeping historical narrative chronicles events instrumental in the painful birth of a new nation—from the Bloody Morning Scout and the massacre at Fort William Henry to the disastrous siege of Quebec, the heroic but lopsided Battle of Valcour Island, the horrors of Oriskany, and the tragedies of Pennsylvania's Wyoming Valley massacre and the Sullivan-Clinton Expedition's destruction of the Iroquois homeland in western New York State. Caught in the middle of it all was the Mohawk River Valley. Berleth explores the relationship of early settlers on the Mohawk frontier to the Iroquoian people who made their homes beside the great river. He introduces colonists and native leaders in all their diversity of culture and belief. Dramatic profiles of key participants provide perspectives through which contemporaries struggled to understand events. Sir William Johnson is here first as a shopkeeper and farmer, then as a brother Mohawk and militia leader, and lastly as a crown official charged with supervising North American Indian affairs. We watch Johnson in his final years wrestling with Indian war and the unraveling of British America. We meet the frontier ambassador Conrad Weiser, survivor of the Palatine immigration, who agreed not at all with Johnson or his party. And we encounter the young missionary, Samuel Kirkland, as he leaves Johnson's household for a fateful sojourn among the Senecas.Johnson's heirs did much to precipitate the outbreak of violent hostilities along the Mohawk in the first months of the War of Independence. Berleth shows how the Johnson family early sought to save their patrimony in the valley just as patriot forces maneuvered to win Native American support or, at least, neutrality. When Joseph Brant, Thayendanegea, rushed Native Americans to war behind the British, it fell to General Philip Schuyler, wealthy scion of an old Albany family, to find a way to protect the Mohawk region from British incursion. His invasion of Canada fails; his tattered army fights at Valcour Island, Ticonderoga, Hubbardton, retreating steadily. Not until on the line of the Mohawk is the enemy stopped.But the battles of Oriskany, Fort Stanwix, Saratoga, and Bennington do not end the fighting in upstate New York. As the national effort moves elsewhere, the Mohawk Valley plunges into bitter internecine conflict. Raids and ambushes go on for four more years until, in the end, the level of destruction from Tory actions and Brant's war parties staggers the imagination. Two out of every three inhabitants are dead, captured, or missing; farms and villages are laid waste. Charred ruins replace once-prosperous communities in Cobleskill, Cherry Valley, Andrustown, German Flats, Vroomansland, Neversink, Little Falls, Johnstown, Schoharie, Middleburgh, some never to be rebuilt. The villages of the Oneidas, America's first allies, have been leveled by their former brothers in the Iroquois Confederation. Bloody Mohawk leaves us to ponder the roots of civil war in nonnegotiable ethnic and cultural misunderstandings. It offers a glance into an aspect of New York State history often overlooked.
Category: History

Forensic Art And Illustration

Author : Karen T. Taylor
ISBN : 1420036955
Genre : Law
File Size : 36.48 MB
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As the number of stranger-on-stranger crimes increases, solving these crimes becomes more challenging. Forensic illustration has become increasingly important as a tool in identifying both perpetrators and victims. Now a leading forensic artist, who has taught this subject at law enforcement academies, schools, and universities internationally, offers readers the benefit of her extensive knowledge and experience. Forensic Art and Illustration is the first book to provide complete coverage of all aspects of the field, and includes much previously unavailable information. Beginning with the first-ever in-depth documentation of the history of forensic art, this book proceeds logically through explanations of facial anatomy, practical methodologies and techniques, case examples, and a glossary of terms. More than 700 illustrations and photographs depict art methods used in identifying and locating crime victims and criminal offenders. Numerous successful examples, taken from actual solved cases, demonstrate applications of the methods and techniques presented. Ideal for both forensic artists who want to improve their skills and those who work with them in law enforcement, Forensic Art and Illustration is a practical guide as well as a complete look at the state of the art of forensic illustration today.
Category: Law