Man Play And Games

Author : Roger Caillois
ISBN : 025207033X
Genre : Games
File Size : 22.55 MB
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Play is "an occasion of pure waste: waste of time, energy, ingenuity, skill, and often of money." It is also an essential element of human social and spiritual development. In this study, Roger Caillois defines play as a voluntary activity that occurs in a pure space, isolated and protected from the rest of life. Within limits set by rules that provide a level playing field, players move toward an unpredictable outcome by responding to their opponents' actions. Caillois qualifies types of games and ways of playing, from the improvisation characteristic of children's play to the disciplined pursuit of solutions to gratuitously difficult puzzles. He also examines the means by which games become part of daily life, ultimately giving cultures their most characteristic customs and institutions.
Category: Games

Spiele Der Erwachsenen

Author : Eric Berne
ISBN : 3499613506
Genre : Transaktionsanalyse
File Size : 88.9 MB
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Category: Transaktionsanalyse

The Games Of Gods And Man

Author : Klaus Peter Köpping
ISBN : STANFORD:36105028593940
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 46.19 MB
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The problems of games and play, a basic ontological category of thought and action, have long occupied culture historians like Huizinga and Caillois as well as mainstream modern philosophers from Heidegger to Gadamer. The present volume traces the concept of the ludic in its generative as well as in its violent and destructive potential, and relates the traditional concepts developed in particular by Romantic aesthetics in drama and poetry to those developed in modern times in literary genres by Bakhtin with the emphasis on the tropes of the performing body. The great variety of theoretical frameworks is grounded in and connected to empirical data on ritual processes and mythic structures across a wide spectrum of ethnographic evidence. The collected essays connect notions of the ludic as framed performance (proposed by Bateson and Goffman) with the ludic as "free play" with the potential to possess the player, crossing disciplinary boundaries and discourses from theatre-studies to anthropology. Forms of ritual processes, of mythic games and of cultural reflexivity, together with intriguing and universal tropes of myth and literature such as the figures of the trickster and the fool, are treated in cross-cultural perspectives. These include Indian, Greek and Germanic mythologies, Indian ritual dance and prophetic theatre plays in Ancient Israel, Bushmen syncretic religious services, the diverse forms of self-reflexive play among Brazilian Kayapo Indians, and the plays and games among the inmates of concentration camps. The volume should appeal to students of anthropology, of theatre and cultural studies, as well as to culture historians and philosophers concerned with the interface between ritual and play, or player and audience, and the larger issue of the rules of games and the freedom of the hermeneutic interpretation of text through performances.
Category: Social Science

Homo Ludens

Author : Johan Huizinga
ISBN : 3499554356
Genre : Civilization
File Size : 22.62 MB
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Ein grundlegendes Element unserer Kultur ist das Spiel. Der Mensch ist ein Spieler - und ohne seine Lust und Fähigkeit zum Spielen hätten sich ganze Bereiche seiner Kultur nicht entwickelt: die Dichtung, das Recht, die Wissenschaft, die bildende Kunst, die Philosophie und viele andere. Johan Huizinga, der grosse holländische Historiker und Kulturphilosoph, hat in diesem Buch eine Theorie der Kultur entworfen, in der er dem Denker (homo sapiens) und dem Tätigen (homo faber) den Menschen als Spieler (homo ludens) an die Seite stellt. Ein klassischer Essay der Kulturgeschichte und Anthropologie.
Category: Civilization

Physical Play And Children S Digital Games

Author : Krystina Madej
ISBN : 9783319428758
Genre : Computers
File Size : 83.5 MB
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Play engages humans cognitively, emotionally, and physically at all ages. Using a historical framework, and focusing on play as represented by material artifacts such as toys and games, this book explores play as a form of somatic engagement that reflects cultural attitudes about development and learning as these have evolved over time in western culture. Theorists in the twentieth century such as Klein and Winnicott, Huizinga and Callois, Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsy brought different perspectives to our understanding of play’s role in our society. In particular, Vygotsky’s theories about process provide insight into how children attend to learning and assimilate new information. The increasing use of digital media as both an entertainment and learning environment at ever-younger ages, is generating new discussions about the nature and value of play in children’s development, in particular, physical, or somatic play. The emphasis on games intended for children necessitates a discussion of the cognitive, behavioral, and neuroscience that supports play activities and physical engagement as a crucial aspect of development. The book then looks at the trajectory of digital games in contemporary culture and explores whether these artifacts (whether intended for learning or entertainment) have extended or are curtailing boundaries of somatic engagement. Finally, the book discusses alternative play and game design and, speculates on the future of new media play artifacts.
Category: Computers

Man And The Sacred

Author : Roger Caillois
ISBN : 0252070348
Genre : Religion
File Size : 53.10 MB
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Throughout the world, people believe that much of what they do is accidental, ordinary, and inconsequential, while other acts can bring on divine retribution or earn eternal grace. In Man and the Sacred, Caillois demonstrates how humanity's ambiguous attitude toward the sacred influences behaviour and culture. Drawing on a diverse array of ethnographic contexts, including the sexual rituals of the Ba-Thong of South Africa and evidence drawn from aboriginal Australian, Eskimo, and traditional Chinese social systems, Caillois analyzes the role of the forbidden in the social cohesion of the group. He examines the character of the sacred in the light of specific instances of taboos and transgressions, exploring wide differences in attitudes toward diet and sex and extreme behaviours associated with the sacred, such as rapture and paroxysm. He also discusses the festival - an exuberant explosion following a period of strict repression - and compares its functions with those of modern war. A classic study of one of the most fundamental aspects of human social and spiritual life, Man and the Sacred - presented here in Meyer Barash's superb English translation - is a companion volume to Caillois's Man, Play and Games.
Category: Religion

Rhetoric Composition Play Through Video Games

Author : R. Colby
ISBN : 9781137307675
Genre : Education
File Size : 20.55 MB
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An edited collection whose contributors analyze the relationship between writing, learning, and video games/videogaming, these essays consist of academic essays from writing and rhetoric teacher-scholars, who theorize, and contextualize how computer/video games enrich writing practices within and beyond the classroom and the teaching of writing.
Category: Education

Play And The Picaresque

Author : Gordana Yovanovich
ISBN : 0802047041
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 20.49 MB
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Analyses three important Latin American novels in an attempt to redefine the nature of the picaresque, especially in regard to the roles of spontaneous play and carnivalesque laughter.
Category: Literary Criticism