Living By The Gun In Chad

Author : Marielle Debos
ISBN : 9781783605354
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 75.67 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 225
Read : 812

How do people live in a country that has experienced rebellions and state-organised repressions for decades and that is still marked by routine forms of violence and impunity? What do combatants do when they are not mobilised for war? Drawing on over ten years of fieldwork conducted in Chad, Marielle Debos explains how living by the gun has become both an acceptable form of political expression and an everyday occupation. Contrary to the popular association of violence and chaos, she shows that these fighters continue to observe rules, frontiers and hierarchies, even as their allegiances shift between rebel and government forces, and as they drift between Chad, Libya, Sudan and the Central African Republic. Going further, she explores the role of the globalised politico-military entrepreneurs and highlights the long involvement of the French military in the country. Ultimately, the book demonstrates that ending the war is not enough. The issue is ending the 'inter-war' which is maintained and reproduced by state violence. Combining ethnographic observation with in-depth theoretical analysis, Living by the Gun in Chad is a crucial contribution to our understanding of the intersections of war and peace.
Category: Political Science

The Fabric Of Peace In Africa

Author : Pamela Aall
ISBN : 9781928096429
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62.60 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 881
Read : 1254

Africa has experienced dozens of conflicts over a variety of issues during the past two decades. Responding to these conflicts requires concerted action to manage the crises – the violence, the political discord, and the humanitarian consequences of prolonged fighting. It is also necessary to address the long-term social and economic impacts of conflict, to rebuild communities, societies and states that have been torn apart. To accomplish this requires the involvement of institutions and groups rarely considered in formal official African conflict management activities: schools, universities, religious institutions, media, commercial enterprises, legal institutions, civil society groups, youth, women and migrants. These groups and organizations have an important role to play in building a sense of identity, fairness, shared norms and cohesion between state and society – all critical components of the fabric of peace and security in Africa. This volume brings together leading experts from Africa, Europe and North America to examine these critical social institutions and groups, and consider how they can either improve or impede peaceful conflict resolution. The overarching questions that are explored by the authors are: What constitutes social cohesion and resilience in the face of conflict? What are the threats to cohesion and resilience? And how can the positive elements be fostered and by whom? The second of two volumes on African conflict management capacity by the editors, The Fabric of Peace in Africa: Looking beyond the State opens new doors of understanding for students, scholars and practitioners focused on strengthening peace in Africa; the first volume, Minding the Gap: African Conflict Management in a Time of change, focused on the role of mediation and peacekeeping in managing violence and political crises.
Category: Political Science

Searching For Boko Haram

Author : Scott MacEachern
ISBN : 9780190492533
Genre : History
File Size : 39.57 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 815
Read : 1097

For the past decade, Boko Haram has relentlessly terrorized northeastern Nigeria. Few if any explanations for the rise of this violent insurgent group look beyond its roots in worldwide jihadism and recent political conflicts in central Africa. Searching for Boko Haram is the first book to examine the insurgency within the context of centuries, millennia even, of cultural change in the region. The book surveys the deep history of the lands south of Lake Chad, richly documented in archaeology and texts, to show how ancient natural and cultural events can aid in our understanding of Boko Haram's present agenda. The land's historical narrative stretches back five centuries, with cultural origins that plunge even deeper into the past. One important feature of this past is the phenomenon of frontiers and borderlands. In striking ways, Boko Haram resembles the frontier slave raiders and warlords who figure in precolonial and colonial writings on the southern Lake Chad Basin. Presently, these accounts are paralleled by the activity of smugglers, bandits (coupeurs de route--"road cutters"), and tax evaders. The borderlands of these countries are today places where the state often refuses to exercise its full authority because of the profits and opportunities illicit relationships afford state officials and bureaucrats. For the local community, Boko Haram's actions are readily understandable in terms of slave raids and borderlands. They are not mysterious and unprecedented eruptions of violence and savagery, but--as the book argues--recognizable phenomena within the contexts of local politics and history. Written from the perspective of an author who has worked in this part of Africa for more than thirty years, Searching for Boko Haram provides vital historical context to the recent rise of this terroristic force, and counters misperceptions of their activities and of the region as a whole.
Category: History

Der Globale Minotaurus

Author : Yanis Varoufakis
ISBN : 9783888978104
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 49.90 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 159
Read : 842

Globalisierung, Gier und fehlende Bankenregulierung – sie alle wurden für die Krise der Weltwirtschaft verantwortlich gemacht. In Wahrheit sind dies nur Nebenschauplätze eines weit größeren Dramas. Eines Dramas, das in der Weltwirtschaftskrise von 1929 wurzelt und bereits seit den 1970er Jahren auf offener Bühne spielt: als die Welt wider besseres Wissen begann, mit ihrem Geld den “Globalen Minotaurus” Amerika zu nähren – so wie einst die Athener dem mythischen Fabeltier auf Kreta Tribut zollten. Heute sind die USA als Stabilisator der Weltwirtschaft selbst nachhaltig geschwächt, und die Konsequenzen des Machtvakuums zeigen sich allerorten. Sie machen vor allem eines klar: Stabilität in der Weltwirtschaft ist nicht umsonst zu haben; sie erfordert historische Entscheidungen – wie nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg, als die Hegemonialstellung Amerikas begann. Statt hektischer Rettungsaktionen mit immer kürzeren Verfallsdaten ist eine grundlegende Debatte über Stabilitätspolitik, ist ein Neuanfang unvermeidlich.
Category: Literary Collections

Kalifat Des Schreckens

Author : Guido Steinberg
ISBN : 9783426434581
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35.74 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 687
Read : 980

Wann immer in der Welt islamistische Terroristen ihr Unheil anrichten, ist Guido Steinbergs Einschätzung gefragt. In seinem Buch erklärt der renommierte Terrorexperte die derzeit gefürchtetste islamistische Organisation – IS oder Islamischer Staat. Sie kam scheinbar aus dem Nichts und versetzte innerhalb kürzester Zeit eine ganze Region in Angst und Schrecken. Und mit der Enthauptung von Geiseln vor laufenden Kameras fordert sie den Westen heraus. Doch sind unsere Staaten überhaupt in der Lage, die von IS drohenden Übergriffe und Terroranschläge wirksam abzuwehren?
Category: Political Science

Befreier Und Befreite

Author : Helke Sander
ISBN : 3596163056
Genre : BeFreier und Befreite (Motion picture)
File Size : 52.20 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 756
Read : 1055

"Helke Sander und Barbara Johr bringen ein bisher verdrängtes Thema zur Sprache: die massenhafte Vergewaltigung von Frauen während der letzten Kriegs- und der ersten Nachkriegswochen in Deutschland, insbesondere in Berlin. Sie haben mit vergewaltigten Frauen gesprochen, mit Rotarmisten, mit Ärztinnen, die die Frauen bahandelt haben, und auch mit Männern, die Zeugen der Geschehnisse waren. Die zum erstenmal veröffentlichten Dokumente, Zahlen und Fakten machen die traumatischen Folgen dieser Kriegsverbrechen deutlich. Grundlage des vorliegenden Buches ist der gleichnamige Dokumentarfilm, der 1992 erstmals in den Kinos anlief, mehrfach ausgezeichnet wurde und eine weitläufge Diskussion auslöste. So erhält der zweite Teil des Bandes auch das vollständige Drehbuch"--From publisher's web site.
Category: BeFreier und Befreite (Motion picture)

Gef Hrdetes Leben

Author : Judith Butler
ISBN : 3518123939
Genre : Israel
File Size : 38.41 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 962
Read : 235

Category: Israel