LABOR OF LOVE GESTATIONAL SURROGACY AND THE WORK OF MAKING BABIES FAMILIES IN FOCUS

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Labor Of Love

Author : Heather Jacobson
ISBN : 9780813584386
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.18 MB
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While the practice of surrogacy has existed for millennia, new fertility technologies have allowed women to act as gestational surrogates, carrying children that are not genetically their own. While some women volunteer to act as gestational surrogates for friends or family members, others get paid for performing this service. The first ethnographic study of gestational surrogacy in the United States, Labor of Love examines the conflicted attitudes that emerge when the ostensibly priceless act of bringing a child into the world becomes a paid occupation. Heather Jacobson interviews not only surrogate mothers, but also their family members, the intended parents who employ surrogates, and the various professionals who work to facilitate the process. Seeking to understand how gestational surrogates perceive their vocation, she discovers that many regard surrogacy as a calling, but are reluctant to describe it as a job. In the process, Jacobson dissects the complex set of social attitudes underlying this resistance toward conceiving of pregnancy as a form of employment. Through her extensive field research, Jacobson gives readers a firsthand look at the many challenges faced by gestational surrogates, who deal with complicated medical procedures, delicate work-family balances, and tricky social dynamics. Yet Labor of Love also demonstrates the extent to which advances in reproductive technology are affecting all Americans, changing how we think about maternity, family, and the labor involved in giving birth. For more, visit http://www.heatherjacobsononline.com/
Category: Social Science

Saving Face

Author : Angie Y. Chung
ISBN : 9780813572819
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88.71 MB
Format : PDF
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Tiger Mom. Asian patriarchy. Model minority children. Generation gap. The many images used to describe the prototypical Asian family have given rise to two versions of the Asian immigrant family myth. The first celebrates Asian families for upholding the traditional heteronormative ideal of the “normal (white) American family” based on a hard-working male breadwinner and a devoted wife and mother who raises obedient children. The other demonizes Asian families around these very same cultural values by highlighting the dangers of excessive parenting, oppressive hierarchies, and emotionless pragmatism in Asian cultures. Saving Face cuts through these myths, offering a more nuanced portrait of Asian immigrant families in a changing world as recalled by the people who lived them first-hand: the grown children of Chinese and Korean immigrants. Drawing on extensive interviews, sociologist Angie Y. Chung examines how these second-generation children negotiate the complex and conflicted feelings they have toward their family responsibilities and upbringing. Although they know little about their parents’ lives, she reveals how Korean and Chinese Americans assemble fragments of their childhood memories, kinship narratives, and racial myths to make sense of their family experiences. However, Chung also finds that these adaptive strategies come at a considerable social and psychological cost and do less to reconcile the social stresses that minority immigrant families endure today. Saving Face not only gives readers a new appreciation for the often painful generation gap between immigrants and their children, it also reveals the love, empathy, and communication strategies families use to help bridge those rifts.
Category: Social Science

Surrogacy Was The Way

Author : Zara Griswold
ISBN : 9781933449180
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 29.67 MB
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Surrogacy Was the Way: Twenty Intended Mothers Tell Their Stories documents the true stories of twenty women who had children via surrogacy. Surrogacy is a complete possibility in today's day and age, but anyone considering this route to parenthood should know the pros and cons. The women featured go to surrogacy for a variety of reasons, ranging from Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome (MRKH) to cancer to unexplained infertility and everything in between. Some of the journeys go rather smoothly-while others are filled with one obstacle after another. Some of the women have children already and want to add to their family, while most are attempting to become moms for the first time. What they all have in common, however, is that every woman whose story is told knows what it's like to be an intended mother-the term for the "mother to be" if and when a baby is born. And all of the women ultimately end up having a child (or more) through surrogacy. When I first started researching surrogacy, I was fortunate to find several Online support groups. As I gave and received support to so many other women I became fascinated with the extent to which people would go to simply have a baby. I realized that their stories-our stories-needed to be heard; thus, the idea for this book was born. For the millions of women who have been touched by infertility in some way, or know someone who has, Surrogacy Was the Way will open their eyes to amazing possibilities. It will show them that they do have options, and with persistence and faith, they can achieve their dreams of motherhood after all.
Category: Family & Relationships

Babies For Sale

Author : Miranda Davies
ISBN : 9781783607044
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 82.41 MB
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Transnational surrogacy – the creation of babies across borders – has become big business. Globalization, reproductive technologies, new family formations and rising infertility are combining to produce a 'quiet revolution' in social and medical ethics and the nature of parenthood. Whereas much of the current scholarship has focused on the US and India, this groundbreaking anthology offers a far wider perspective. Featuring contributions from over thirty activists and scholars from a range of countries and disciplines, this collection offers the first genuinely international study of transnational surrogacy. Its innovative bottom-up approach, rooted in feminist perspectives, gives due prominence to the voices of those most affected by the global surrogacy chain, namely the surrogate mothers, donors, prospective parents and the children themselves. Through case studies ranging from Israel to Mexico, the book outlines the forces that are driving the growth of transnational surrogacy, as well as its implications for feminism, human rights, motherhood and masculinity.
Category: Social Science

Brown Bodies White Babies

Author : Laura Harrison
ISBN : 9781479808175
Genre : Medical
File Size : 45.29 MB
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Brown Bodies, White Babies focuses on the practice of cross-racial gestational surrogacy, in which a woman - through in-vitro fertilization using the sperm and egg of intended parents or donors - carries a pregnancy for intended parents of a different race. Focusing on the racial differences between parents and surrogates, this book is interested in how reproductive technologies intersect with race, particularly when brown bodies produce white babies. While the potential of reproductive technologies is far from pre-determined, the ways in which these technologies are currently deployed often serve the interests of dominant groups, through the creation of white, middle-class, heteronormative families. Laura Harrison, providing an important understanding of the work of women of color as surrogates, connects this labor to the history of racialized reproduction in the United States. Cross-racial surrogacy is one end of a continuum in which dominant groups rely on the reproductive potential of nonwhite women, whose own reproductive desires have been historically thwarted and even demonized. Brown Bodies, White Babies provides am interdisciplinary analysis that includes legal cases of contested surrogacy, historical examples of surrogacy as a form of racialized reproductive labor, the role of genetics in the assisted reproduction industry, and the recent turn toward reproductive tourism. Joining the ongoing feminist debates surrounding reproduction, motherhood, race, and the body, Brown Bodies, White Babies ultimately critiques the new potentials for parenthood that put the very contours of kinship into question.
Category: Medical

The Aba Consumer Guide To Assisted Reproduction Techniques Legal Issues And Pathways To Success

Author : Jeffrey A. Kasky
ISBN : 1634250176
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 71.13 MB
Format : PDF
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For some hopeful parents, traditional methods of conception and carrying a pregnancy are simply not an option. For these parents, assisted reproductive technology (ART) provides a mechanism to achieve pregnancy and birth, whether through assisted insemination, in vitro fertilization, or gestational carriers.The ABA Consumer Guide to Assisted Reproduction explains the available ART options; the process for choosing a medical provider and legal representative; understanding and entering into appropriate agreements; and the unique issues that may arise pre-and post-birth. Written by attorney Jeffrey Kasky who has operated a surrogacy service for several years, the book will help to demystify the technology and give consumers the confidence and knowledge they need to achieve their goal of parentage through ART."
Category: Family & Relationships

Successful Surrogacy

Author : Susan Fuller
ISBN : 0692548815
Genre :
File Size : 52.41 MB
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Whether couples pursue surrogacy as a way to combat infertility or because of a preexisting condition (or two men seek to have a child together), surrogacy can be fraught with anxiety, concern, and fear of the unknown and it's easy to see why-how can anyone trust a virtual stranger to carry their baby for them?Couples wonder if it's awkward to watch another woman pregnant with their child. And what would possess someone to be a surrogate mother in the first place?Successful Surrogacy: An Intended Parents' Guide to a Rewarding Relationship With Their Surrogate Mother is the only book of its kind in the world of infertility resources. It provides intended parents a first-hand look at the gestational surrogacy process from start to finish from a surrogate mother's perspective and addresses their concerns and questions every step of the way. Written by Susan MZ Fuller, a seven-time gestational surrogate mother for six different couples, Successful Surrogacy is an essential resource for couples considering or currently using a surrogate mother to build their families.While it's is true that surrogacy is one of life's most emotionally intense events to go through, it can also be one the most uniquely rewarding and joyous experiences for couples and surrogates alike. Successful Surrogacy helps couples select a surrogate who is the best match for them and then candidly walks them through the surrogacy process from the surrogate mother's point of view, from deciding to work together through the birth of their baby and beyond.The book explains each phase of surrogacy in detail, starting with initial medical evaluations and undertaking a medicated cycle leading to the embryo transfer and elaborates on what a surrogate mother is going through physically, emotionally, and socially so intended parents can better understand and relate to their surrogate mother. The surrogate's perspective on the phases of pregnancy as well as the birth and afterward is also detailed in chronological order as the surrogacy journey unfolds. Formatted as a series of probing questions and discussion items for couples to explore together, Successful Surrogacy gives parents-to-be a unique guidebook for exploring their own thoughts and feelings on the various aspects of surrogacy. The book also gives a surrogate's perspective on the same topics so parents can consider the issues from both sides and if necessary, broach individual topics with their own surrogate mother, allowing them to more easily develop and strengthen their relationship with her.Successful Surrogacy: An Intended Parents' Guide to a Rewarding Relationship With Their Surrogate Mother is a quick yet detailed read that is designed to be a handy step-by-step resource and discussion toolkit that couples can consult throughout the phases of their own surrogate pregnancy experience. It's also a wealth of information for loved ones, friends, and family members supporting any couple embarking on the surrogacy process.You are not alone on this journey. Scroll up and get your copy today.
Category:

Handbook Of Gestational Surrogacy

Author : E. Scott Sills
ISBN : 9781316727843
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21.50 MB
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There is an increasing demand for gestational surrogacy in current reproductive medicine practice. Infertile couples often engage overseas surrogates, which increases the risk for legal and ethical complications. This book provides clinical guidance on the provision of gestational surrogacy on a worldwide basis, with brief summaries of the legal position within countries where it is offered. This volume provides a comprehensive overview of surrogacy for clinicians, counsellors, attorneys, legislators and anyone interested in reproductive health policy by filling an immediate niche as a resource for those interested in third-party reproductive treatments.
Category: Medical

Globalization And Transnational Surrogacy In India

Author : Sayantani DasGupta
ISBN : 9780739187432
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 45.52 MB
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From computer support and hotel reservations to laboratory results and radiographic interpretations, it seems everything can be ‘outsourced’ in our globalized world. One would not think so with parenthood, however, especially motherhood, as it is a fundamental activity humans have historically preserved as personal and private. In our modern age, however, the advent and accessibility of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) and the ease with which they have traversed global borders, has fundamentally altered the meaning of childbearing and parenting. In the twenty-first century, parenthood is no longer achieved only through gestation, adoption, or traditional surrogacy, but also via assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs), where science and technology play lead roles. Furthermore, in a globalized world economy, where the movement and transfer of people and commodities are increasing to serve the interests of capitalism, gamete donation and surrogate birth can traverse innumerable geographic, socio-economic, racialized, and political borderlands. Thus, reproduction itself can be outsourced. This edited volume explores one specific aspect of the new assisted reproductive technologies: gestational surrogacy and how its practice is changing the traditional concept of parenthood across the globe. The phenomenon of transnational surrogacy has given rise to a thriving international industry where money is being ‘legally’ exchanged for babies and ‘reproductive labor’ has taken on a lucrative commercial tone. Yet, law, research, and activism are barely aware of this experience and are still playing catch-up with rapidly changing on-the-ground realities. This interdisciplinary collection of essays assuages the dearth of knowledge and addresses significant issues in transnational commercial gestational surrogacy as it takes shape in a peculiar relation between the West (primarily the United States) and India.
Category: Social Science

Culture Keeping

Author : Heather Jacobson
ISBN : UOM:39076002786684
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 63.30 MB
Format : PDF
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Since the early 1990s, close to 250,000 children born abroad have been adopted into the United States. Nearly half of these children have come from China or Russia. Culture Keeping: White Mothers, International Adoption, and the Negotiation of Family Difference offers the first comparative analysis of these two popular adoption programs. Heather Jacobson examines these adoptions by focusing on a relatively new social phenomenon, the practice by international adoptive parents, mothers in particular, of incorporating aspects of their children's cultures of origin into their families' lives. "Culture keeping" is now standard in the adoption world, though few adoptive parents, the majority of whom are white and native-born, have experience with the ethnic practices of their children's homelands prior to adopting. Jacobson follows white adoptive mothers as they navigate culture keeping: from their motivations, to the pressures and constraints they face, to the content of their actual practices concerning names, food, toys, travel, cultural events, and communities of belonging. Through her interviews, she explores how women think about their children, their families, and themselves as mothers as they labor to construct or resist ethnic identities for their children, who may be perceived as birth children (because they are white) or who may be perceived as adopted (because of racial difference). The choices these women make about culture, Jacobson argues, offer a window into dominant ideas of race and the "American Family," and into how social differences are conceived and negotiated in the United States.
Category: Family & Relationships