Hopi Oral Tradition And The Archaeology Of Identity

Author : Wesley Bernardini
ISBN : 9780816532919
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75.58 MB
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As contemporary Native Americans assert the legacy of their ancestors, there is increasing debate among archaeologists over the methods and theories used to reconstruct prehistoric identity and the movement of social groups. This is especially problematic with respect to the emergence of southwestern tribes, which involved shifting populations and identities over the course of more than a thousand years. Wesley Bernardini now draws on an unconventional source, Hopi traditional knowledge, to show how hypotheses that are developed from oral tradition can stimulate new and productive ways to think about the archaeological record. Focusing on insights that oral tradition has to offer about general processes of prehistoric migration and identity formation, he describes how each Hopi clan acquired its particular identity from the experiences it accumulated on its unique migration pathway. This pattern of “serial migration” by small social groups often saw the formation of villages by clans that briefly came together and then moved off again independently, producing considerable social diversity both within and among villages. Using Anderson Mesa and Homol’ovi as case studies, Bernardini presents architectural and demographic data suggesting that the fourteenth century occupation of these regions was characterized by population flux and diversity consistent with the serial migration model. He offers an analysis of rock art motifs—focusing on those used as clan symbols—to evaluate the diversity of group identities, then presents a compositional analysis of Jeddito Yellow Ware pottery to evaluate the diversity of these groups’ eventual migration destinations. Evidence supporting serial migration greatly complicates existing notions of links between ancient and modern social groups, with important implications for the implementation of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. Bernardini’s work clearly demonstrates that studies of cultural affiliation must take into account the fluid nature of population movements and identity in the prehistoric landscape. It takes a decisive step toward better understanding the major demographic change that occurred on the Colorado Plateau from 1275 to 1400 and presents a strategy for improving the reconstruction of cultural identity in the past.
Category: Social Science

Collaboration In Archaeological Practice

Author : John Stephen Colwell-Chanthaphonh
ISBN : 0759110549
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 65.98 MB
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In Collaboration in Archaeological Practice, prominent archaeologists reflect on their experiences involving collaboration with descendant communities (peoples whose ancestors are the subject of archaeological research).
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Hopi History In Stone

Author : Wesley Bernardini
ISBN : MINN:31951D02914514R
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89.42 MB
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Accompanying DVD-ROM contains figures and databases from Arizona State Museum Archaeological Series 200.
Category: Social Science

Archaeology Without Borders

Author : Laurie D. Webster
ISBN : WISC:89097005441
Genre : History
File Size : 84.20 MB
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Offers a synthesis of early agricultural adaptations in the region, groundbreaking archaeological research on social identity, and data previously not readily available to English-speaking readers. The twenty-four essays discuss early agriculture, social identity, and cultural landscapes, as well as economic and social interactions within the area now encompassed by northern Mexico and the US Southwest. Contributors examining early agricultural adaptations offer models for understanding the transition to agriculture, explore relationships between the spread of agriculture and Uto-Aztecan migrations, and present data from Arizona, New Mexico, and Chihuahua. Contributors focusing on social identity discuss migration, enculturation, social boundaries, and ethnic identities. They draw on case studies that include diverse artefact classes -- rock art, lithics, architecture, murals, ceramics, cordage, sandals, baskets, faunal remains, and oral histories. Mexican scholars present data from Chihuahua, Durango, Zacatecas, Michoacan, Coahuila, and Nuevo Leon. They address topics including Spanish-indigenous conflicts, archaeological history, cultural landscapes, and interactions among Mesoamerica, northern Mexico, and the US Southwest.
Category: History

The Archaeology Of Perry Mesa And Its World

Author : David R. Wilcox
ISBN : 0971878692
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42.75 MB
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A study intitiated by the Agua Fria National Monument and conducted by the Western Mapping Company and the Museum of Northern Arizona, explores the Perry Mesa site in Yavapai Country, Arizona, documents the collection of artifacts for permanent curation, and includes a history of the research on Perry Mesa and a review of the recent competing theories about how it was organized for war or how the landscape became ecologically degraded. The study also provides an analysis of the relevance of these data to understanding the larger interaction spheres of the Central Arizona Tradition, the Verde Confederacy, and the Hopi macroeconomy.
Category: Social Science

Identity Feasting And The Archaeology Of The Greater Southwest

Author : Barbara J. Mills
ISBN : WISC:89083362715
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.52 MB
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With contributions from sociocultural and linguistic anthropologists as well as archaeologists, this volume is the first to present case studies of social identity and feasting from throughout the Greater Southwest. A section of the book is also devoted to a synthesis and set of case studies on the archaeology of the pivotal Mexican State of Chihuahua. Unlike many previous studies, the authors of this volume place emphasis on how differences within and between societies came about rather than why dissimilar structures arose, elevating the place of both agency and history in understanding the past. Identity, Feasting, and the Archaeology of the Greater Southwest will be of interest to all doing archaeological research in the Southwestern United States and those conducting research on social identity, cultural affiliation, and commensal politics.
Category: Social Science

Ancestral Hopi Migrations

Author : Patrick D. Lyons
ISBN : OSU:32435071416325
Genre : History
File Size : 23.60 MB
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Assesses the scale and impact of ancestral Hopi migrations, including the origin and spread of Roosevelt Red Ware, and examines the archaeological record of Homol'ovi, presenting evidence that the ancient inhabitants of the Winslow, Arizona, area were immigrants from the Hopi Mesas.
Category: History

Archaeology Is Anthropology

Author : Susan D. Gillespie
ISBN : IND:30000086953373
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.63 MB
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Category: Social Science

Opening Archaeology

Author : Thomas W. Killion
ISBN : UOM:39015082715296
Genre : History
File Size : 20.18 MB
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In 1989-90, Congress enacted two laws, the National Museum of the American Indian Act and the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, that required museums and other repositories of Native American human remains and cultural items to consult with, share information about, and return some items to federally recognized Indian tribes and Native Alaskan and Hawaiian communities. What effects have these laws had on anthropological practice, theory, and education in the United States? In 2004-2005, the School for Advanced Research and the Society for Applied Anthropology gathered together a group of anthropological archaeologists to address this question. This volume presents their conclusions and urges a continuing and increasing cooperation between anthropologists and indigenous peoples.
Category: History