Global Woman

Author : Barbara Ehrenreich
ISBN : 9781429963053
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24.96 MB
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In a remarkable pairing, two renowned social critics offer a groundbreaking anthology that examines the unexplored consequences of globalization on the lives of women worldwide Women are moving around the globe as never before. But for every female executive racking up frequent flier miles, there are multitudes of women whose journeys go unnoticed. Each year, millions leave Mexico, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and other third world countries to work in the homes, nurseries, and brothels of the first world. This broad-scale transfer of labor associated with women's traditional roles results in an odd displacement. In the new global calculus, the female energy that flows to wealthy countries is subtracted from poor ones, often to the detriment of the families left behind. The migrant nanny--or cleaning woman, nursing care attendant, maid--eases a "care deficit" in rich countries, while her absence creates a "care deficit" back home. Confronting a range of topics, from the fate of Vietnamese mail-order brides to the importation of Mexican nannies in Los Angeles and the selling of Thai girls to Japanese brothels, Global Woman offers an unprecedented look at a world shaped by mass migration and economic exchange on an ever-increasing scale. In fifteen vivid essays-- of which only four have been previously published-- by a diverse and distinguished group of writers, collected and introduced by bestselling authors Barbara Ehrenreich and Arlie Russell Hochschild, this important anthology reveals a new era in which the main resource extracted from the third world is no longer gold or silver, but love.
Category: Social Science

Sexarbeit Und Globalisierung

Author : Alexander Unger
ISBN : 9783640510061
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39.64 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Familie, Frauen, Männer, Sexualität, Geschlechter, Note: 2,0, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Institut für Soziologie (Philosophische Fakultät I)), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Das Schlagwort Globalisierung löst bei den Menschen verschiedenste Assoziationen aus. Die einen sind sich des globalen Charakters unserer Welt bewusst, wenn sie ganzjährig exotische Früchte konsumieren, mithilfe des Internets über weite Distanzen kommunizieren oder Fernreisen in nahezu jede Region der Erde unternehmen und dort in von Deutschen geführten Hotels residieren. Andere sehen in der Globalisierung „einen primär ökonomischen Prozess, der durch die Aus-weitung der internationalen Arbeitsteilung gekennzeichnet ist: Weltweite Märkte bilden sich heraus, auf denen Waren, Kapital und Dienstleistungen gehandelt werden.“ Die Sozialkritikerin Barbara Ehrenreich und die Professorin für Soziologie Arlie Russell Hochschild assoziieren mit dem Begriff Globalisierung unzählige Frauenschicksale und Kausalitäten, die sie und andere Autoren in dem Werk „Global Woman: Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy“ in Form von gesammelten Aufsätzen zusammengetragen haben. Das Buch bietet einen bis dato einzigartigen und breitgefächerten Überblick über die Auswirkungen der Globa-lisierung auf das Leben von Frauen weltweit und speziell in Entwicklungsländern. Jedes Jahr verlassen Millionen Frauen die Philippinen, Mexiko, Sri Lanka und andere Länder der Dritten Welt, um in reichen Ländern der Ersten Welt als Haushaltshilfe, Kindermädchen, im Pflegebereich oder zuweilen als Prostituierte zu arbeiten. Gerade diese Tätigkeitsbereiche werden stark durch Assoziationen mit der traditionellen Rolle der Ehefrau begünstigt. Die diesbezüglichen Kapitel in dem oben genannten Buch, welches eine Kollektion von Abhandlungen verschiedener Autoren in Bezug auf qualitative Studien darstellt, sprechen inhaltlich Themenbereiche wie den Anstieg bei der Migration von Frauen, den Transfer sowie die Kommerzialisierung häuslicher Dienstleistungen, die daraus resultierende Fürsorgemisere bei transnationalen Familien als auch das Problem des internationalen Sextourismus an. Die folgende Arbeit fasst die Grundaussagen von Hochschild und Ehrenreich zusammen, geht anschließend auf das Thema des weltweiten Sex- bzw. Prostitutionstourismus ein, vergleicht anhand zweier Kapitel aus dem Buch die Charakteristika der Sexindustrie in Thailand mit denen der Dominikanischen Republik und diskutiert im globalen Kontext die Aufsätze hinsichtlich ihrer Aussagekraft und Relevanz.
Category: Social Science

Human Rights In The World Community

Author : Richard Pierre Claude
ISBN : 0812219481
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 47.29 MB
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Specifically designed for educational use by international relations, law, and political and social science classes, Human Rights in the World Community treats the full range of human rights issues, including implementation problems and processes involving international, national, and nongovernmental action. This new edition reflects the global, large-scale change that has occurred in the field of human rights, and features an extensive bibliography and filmography.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Global Trafficking In Women And Children

Author : Obi N.I. Ebbe
ISBN : 1420059467
Genre : Law
File Size : 22.2 MB
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War, poverty, and famine; political, social, and economic change; and the deep seated views and rituals rooted in a culture’s history and traditions all contribute to the widespread and growing trafficking of women and children. The multilayered complexity, myriad contributing factors, enormous amount of money involved, and sheer magnitude of the problem render it impossible to solve with the fractured and isolated measures of individual organizations and countries. Only complete cooperation and collaboration at all levels can establish the most proactive and self-sustaining approach to reduce this global crime. Gathering knowledge and experience from more than 40 countries, Global Trafficking in Women and Children clearly demonstrates the scale and spread of the problem, providing a powerful analysis of the circumstances that contribute to the abuse and victimization of women and children as well as the international policies and strategies used to combat this crime. Divided into two parts, the book begins with an introduction to the definition, nature, and scope of human trafficking. It discusses several social theories as well as evident environmental influences. It also examines measures to control and prevent human trafficking from stricter laws and monetary aid, to global community and law enforcement collaboration. Part 2 consists of case studies, drawing examples from a range of countries involved in every stage in the process, and highlighting the unique characteristics of human trafficking in each. Chapters include the prevalence of child pornography in Japan, child abduction in China, bonded child labor in India, and child soldiering in Congo (Zaire) and other African countries. The final chapters discuss law enforcement in the US and UK, community policing in Australia, and the cooperative national plan in place in Croatia.
Category: Law

Shadow Mothers

Author : Cameron Lynne Macdonald
ISBN : 9780520947818
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24.68 MB
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Shadow Mothers shines new light on an aspect of contemporary motherhood often hidden from view: the need for paid childcare by women returning to the workforce, and the complex bonds mothers forge with the "shadow mothers" they hire. Cameron Lynne Macdonald illuminates both sides of an unequal and complicated relationship. Based on in-depth interviews with professional women and childcare providers— immigrant and American-born nannies as well as European au pairs—Shadow Mothers locates the roots of individual skirmishes between mothers and their childcare providers in broader cultural and social tensions. Macdonald argues that these conflicts arise from unrealistic ideals about mothering and inflexible career paths and work schedules, as well as from the devaluation of paid care work.
Category: Political Science

New Frontiers In Feminist Political Economy

Author : Shirin M. Rai
ISBN : 9781134649136
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42.5 MB
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This volume brings together the work of outstanding feminist scholars who reflect on the achievements of feminist political economy and the challenges it faces in the 21st century. The volume develops further some key areas of research in feminist political economy – understanding economies as gendered structures and economic crises as crises in social reproduction, as well as in finance and production; assessing economic policies through the lens of women’s rights; analysing global transformations in women’s work; making visible the unpaid economy in which care is provided for family and communities, and critiquing the ways in which policy makers are addressing ( or failing to address) this unpaid economy.
Category: Business & Economics

Fremd In Ihrem Land

Author : Arlie Russell Hochschild
ISBN : 9783593507668
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31.59 MB
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In vielen westlichen Ländern sind rechte, nationalistische Bewegungen auf dem Vormarsch. Wie ist es dazu gekommen? Arlie Russell Hochschild reiste ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten, nach Louisiana, und suchte fünf Jahre lang das Gespräch mit ihren Landsleuten. Sie traf auf frustrierte Menschen, deren "Amerikanischer Traum" geplatzt ist; Menschen, die sich abgehängt fühlen, den Staat hassen und sich der rechtspopulistischen Tea-Party-Bewegung angeschlossen haben. Hochschild zeigt eine beunruhigende Entwicklung auf, die auch in Europa längst begonnen hat. Hochschilds Reportage ist nicht nur eine erhellende Deutung einer gespaltenen Gesellschaft, sondern auch ein bewegendes Stück Literatur. "Jeder, der das moderne Amerika verstehen möchte, sollte dieses faszinierende Buch lesen." Robert Reich "Ein kluges, respektvolles und fesselndes Buch." New York Times Book Review "Eine anrührende, warmherzige und souverän geschriebene, ungemein gut lesbare teilnehmende Beobachtung. ... Wer ihr Buch liest, versteht die Wähler Trumps, weil sie auf Augenhöhe mit ihnen und nicht über sie spricht." FAZ
Category: Political Science

Handbook Of Research On Gender And Economic Life

Author : Deborah M. Figart
ISBN : 9780857930958
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 32.69 MB
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The excellent list of themes and chapters in this volume reflects the maturity reached by feminist economics in its different dimensions. Based on the notion of social provisioning for all as the basic objective of economics, they represent a challenge to conventional economic thought and they show the importance of understanding theory, institutions, empirical work, and policy from a gender perspective. The global perspective provided through themes and authors is a very useful contribution to the literature. Lourdes Bener'a, Cornell University, US Standard economics has a narrow and distorted vision of what the economy is, and how it works. Gender scholars are on the forefront of developing better, more encompassing models of human provisioning for well-being. This volume presents a wonderful sampling of these new theoretical and empirical developments. Paula England, New York University, US This is an impressive collection that delves deeply and broadly into the myriad ways that gender shapes and alters economic lives and illuminates complex facets of the economic and social provisioning process across the globe. The chapters, by an exciting variety of researchers, policy analysts, and practitioners from numerous fields, present a consistent and persuasive vision of economic well-being as critical to the flourishing of all people. Myra H. Strober, Stanford University, US In the aftermath of global economic downturn, it has never been more important to understand how gender relates to economic life and well-being. This interdisciplinary collection of original research details key areas of intersection, provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of research and proposes avenues for further investigation. The Handbook illuminates complex facets of the economic and social provisioning process across the globe. The contributors academics, policy analysts and practitioners from wide-ranging areas of expertise discuss the methodological approaches to, and analytical tools for, conducting research on the gender dimension of economic life. They also provide analyses of major issues facing both developed and developing countries. Topics explored include civil society, discrimination, informal work, working time, central bank policy, health, education, food security, poverty, migration, environmental activism and the financial crisis. Economists, sociologists and political scientists will find this book to be an invaluable research tool, as will academics, researchers and students with an interest in economics particularly feminist economics gender studies and global studies.
Category: Social Science

Globalization

Author : George Ritzer
ISBN : 9781118687130
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 61.35 MB
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Updated to reflect recent global developments, the second edition of Globalization: A Basic Text presents an up-to-date introduction to major trends and topics relating to globalization studies. Features updates and revisions in its accessible introduction to key theories and major topics in globalization Includes an enhanced emphasis on issues relating to global governance, emerging technology, global flows of people, human trafficking, global justice movements, and global environmental sustainability Utilizes a unique set of metaphors to introduce and explain the highly complex nature of globalization in an engaging and understandable manner Offers an interdisciplinary approach to globalization by drawing from fields that include sociology, global political economy, political science, international relations, geography, and anthropology Written by an internationally recognized and experienced author team
Category: Political Science