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The Long War

Author : Andrew J. Bacevich
ISBN : 9780231505864
Genre : History
File Size : 43.39 MB
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Essays by a diverse and distinguished group of historians, political scientists, and sociologists examine the alarms, emergencies, controversies, and confusions that have characterized America's Cold War, the post-Cold War interval of the 1990s, and today's "Global War on Terror." This "Long War" has left its imprint on virtually every aspect of American life; by considering it as a whole, The Long War is the first volume to take a truly comprehensive look at America's response to the national-security crisis touched off by the events of World War II. Contributors consider topics ranging from grand strategy and strategic bombing to ideology and economics and assess the changing American way of war and Hollywood's surprisingly consistent depiction of Americans at war. They evaluate the evolution of the national-security apparatus and the role of dissenters who viewed the myriad activities of that apparatus with dismay. They take a fresh look at the Long War's civic implications and its impact on civil-military relations. More than a military history, The Long War examines the ideas, policies, and institutions that have developed since the United States claimed the role of global superpower. This protracted crisis has become a seemingly permanent, if not defining aspect of contemporary American life. In breaking down the old and artificial boundaries that have traditionally divided the postwar period into neat historical units, this volume provides a better understanding of the evolution of the United States and U.S. policy since World War II and offers a fresh perspective on our current national security predicament.
Category: History

Bomb Scare

Author : Joseph Cirincione
ISBN : 9780231509404
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 61.89 MB
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Since their inception, nuclear weapons have multiplied at an alarming rate, leaving everyone from policymakers to concerned citizens wondering what it will take to slow, stop, or even reverse their spread. With clarity and expertise, Joseph Cirincione presents an even-handed look at the history of nuclear proliferation and an optimistic vision of its future, providing a comprehensive survey of the wide range of critical perspectives. Cirincione begins with the first atomic discoveries of the 1930s and covers the history of their growth all the way to current crisis with Iran. He unravels the science, strategy, and politics that have fueled the development of nuclear stockpiles and increased the chance of a nuclear terrorist attack. He also explains why many nations choose not to pursue nuclear weapons and pulls from this the outlines of a solution to the world's proliferation problem: a balance of force and diplomacy, enforcement and engagement that yields a steady decrease in these deadly arsenals. Though nuclear weapons have not been used in war since August 1945, there is no guarantee this good fortune will continue. A unique blend of history, theory, and security analysis, Bomb Scare is an engaging text that not only supplies the general reader and student with a clear understanding of this issue but also provides a set of tools policymakers and scholars can use to prevent the cataclysmic consequences of another nuclear attack.
Category: Political Science

Nuclear Weapons Strategy For The 21st Century

Author : Anthony Michael Conley
ISBN : OCLC:967387689
Genre : Deterrence (Strategy)
File Size : 47.18 MB
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Throughout history, mankind conducted conflicts or war as the ultimate mechanism to settle disagreements. The nature of war has been timeless, with conventional warfare evolving from 'man vs. man' to 'army vs. army' or 'navy vs. navy.' Several significant technological advances occurred over time that changed the character of war; one of which was the development and employment of nuclear weapons. On August 6, 1945, a B-29 Bomber dropped 'Little Boy,' a uranium based atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. Three days later, another B-29 bomber dropped 'Fat Man,' a plutonium based atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan. The estimated death toll from both bombings represented a small percentage of the total number of people killed in World War II, but the impacts of the bombings still linger today. This paper will examine the historical context of nuclear weapons and strategy, concept of nuclear deterrence, current U.S. policy, 21st century security concerns, and propose a nuclear strategy going forward. The proposed strategy will still focus on deterrence, but also takes into consideration the need to modernize our nuclear arsenal, resume testing, and increase international transparency for all nuclear states.
Category: Deterrence (Strategy)

The Triumph Of Improvisation

Author : James Graham Wilson
ISBN : 9780801470219
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 72.18 MB
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In The Triumph of Improvisation, James Graham Wilson takes a long view of the end of the Cold War, from the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979 to Operation Desert Storm in January 1991. Drawing on deep archival research and recently declassified papers, Wilson argues that adaptation, improvisation, and engagement by individuals in positions of power ended the specter of a nuclear holocaust. Amid ambivalence and uncertainty, Mikhail Gorbachev, Ronald Reagan, George Shultz, George H. W. Bush, and a host of other actors engaged with adversaries and adapted to a rapidly changing international environment and information age in which global capitalism recovered as command economies failed. Eschewing the notion of a coherent grand strategy to end the Cold War, Wilson paints a vivid portrait of how leaders made choices; some made poor choices while others reacted prudently, imaginatively, and courageously to events they did not foresee. A book about the burdens of responsibility, the obstacles of domestic politics, and the human qualities of leadership, The Triumph of Improvisation concludes with a chapter describing how George H. W. Bush oversaw the construction of a new configuration of power after the fall of the Berlin Wall, one that resolved the fundamental components of the Cold War on Washington's terms.
Category: Political Science

Critical Reflections On The Cold War

Author : Martin J. Medhurst
ISBN : 1603447059
Genre :
File Size : 44.15 MB
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Rhetoric and history intersected dramatically during the Cold War, which was, above all else, a war of words. This volume, which combines the work of historians and communication scholars, examines the public discourse in Cold War America from a number of perspectives including how rhetoric shaped history and policies and how rhetorical images invited interpretations of history. The book opens with Norman Graebner's wideranging analysis of the rhetorical background of the Cold War. Frank Costigliola then parses Stalin's speech of February, 1946, an address that many in the West took as a declaration of war by the USSR. The development of NSC68 in 1950, often referred to as America's "blueprint" for fighting the Cold War, is the subject of Robert P. Newman's review. Shawn J. ParryGiles and J. Michael Hogan then focus on American propaganda responses to the perceived Soviet threat. H. W. Brands, Randall B. Woods, and Rachel L. Holloway examine the effects of liberal ideology and rhetoric on domestic and foreign policy decisions. Robert J. McMahon and Robert L. Ivie raise the issue of what it has meant to be the "leader of the Free World" and what the task of postCold War rhetoric will be in this regard. Scholars concerned with the role of words in public life and in the study of history will find challenging material in this interdisciplinary volume. Historians, speech communication scholars, and political scientists with an interest in the Cold War will similarly find grist for further milling.

Communist Viewpoint

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015074676829
Genre : Communism
File Size : 75.10 MB
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Category: Communism

Reinhold Niebuhr On World Politics In A Nuclear Age

Author : John Hoyoung Lee
ISBN : 9781619965607
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83.94 MB
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The major purpose of this book is to examine Christian Realism as articulated by Reinhold Niebuhr and to see whether his theory can shed any light on world politics especially in a nuclear age. Major themes of Niebuhr's theory included in this book are: Niebuhr's understanding of human nature, critique of idealism and naturalism and the dialecticalexistential framework. Niebuhr's thoughts on love, justice, power, society, community and responsibility, as well as his thought on world politics are discussed. This book also covers Niebuhr's understanding of national interests, balance of power, imperialism, democracy and the developing countries. Niebuhr's Just War theory is compared with many other major thinkers on the subject. Niebuhr's Just War theory in a nuclear and terror age was examined with particular interest. Topics include: Terror, Counter-Terror and the Just War theory, Jihad, Nuclear Terrorism, Pre-emptive strike against nuclear facilities and the Just War theory. Niebuhr's approaches to peace in a nuclear and terror age are also discussed. One of the major challenges to U.S. foreign policy today is North Korea's nuclear proliferation. This book attempts to provide a theoretical guideline for U.S. policy vis-a-vis North Korea's nuke. John Hoyoung Lee is the former professor of church history at Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia and emeritus professor of economics and political science at the Rochester Institute of Technology. Dr. Lee was also the senior pastor of the Bethel Korean Presbyterian Church in Ellicott City, MD.
Category: Political Science

Nuclear Politics

Author : Satyabrata Rai Chowdhuri
ISBN : 1932705023
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65.65 MB
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This examination of how international policies on nuclear weapons proliferation have affected world citizens introduces the political and diplomatic dimensions of nuclear armament and offers insight into how nuclear weapons can be abolished. Offered are tools of analysis that can be used to examine current nuclear situations and interpret the risk factors of the use of weapons of mass destruction. The political history and diplomatic complexities of nuclear weapon use are explored, highlighting the commitments nations must make to progress toward a more humane and peaceful world without nuclear weapons.
Category: Political Science