Evolution

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Der Alte Mit Dem W Rfel

Author : Anna Ijjas
ISBN : 9783525570173
Genre : Religion
File Size : 42.93 MB
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English summary: Quantum mechanics has always fascinated philosophers as well as theologians. The problem of understanding seemed to open new possibilities in the interdisciplinary field. Debates on possible metaphysical implications of quantum mechanics began, very early, perhaps too early. For many interpretational attempts turned out to be inappropriate. As a result, quantum metaphysics lost credit in the scientific community. In light of this, the reticence of today's scholars is understandable. Anna Ijjas, however, does not believe that the old failures should be taken as a reason for not doing any research in the field of quantum metaphysics. The old failures should rather animate today's scientists to do it better. In her present study, Ijjas revisits the old main ideas of quantum metaphysics. Thereby she does not work with any old results, but investigates step by step in a cautious manner. This also means that in each section she starts at a very basic level. First of all, she focuses on the problem of interpretation and suggests a method how to manage it. Applying this method, it becomes possible to point out the relevance of quantum physics for metaphysics and philosophical theology. German text. German description: Es gibt kaum ein metaphysisches Problem, das nicht unter Berufung auf die Quantenmechanik gelost wurde - angeblich jedenfalls. Dies ist auf den ersten Blick uberraschend, denn bei der Quantenmechanik handelt es sich um eine physikalische Theorie. Das Ziel der Quanten-Metaphysik besteht aber in der Regel darin, weltanschauliche Positionen empirisch zu stutzen. Dabei versucht man zu zeigen, dass bestimmte metaphysische Hypothesen seitens der Physik bestatigt, begrundet, nahe gelegt oder anderweitig favorisiert seien. Anna Ijjas hinterfragt die gangige Praxis und stellt ein alternatives Modell vor, um Quantenmechanik und Metaphysik miteinander zu verbinden. Ihre Arbeit bewegt sich somit thematisch und methodisch an der Schnittstelle von Physik und Metaphysik bzw. Naturphilosophie. In einem methodologisch-wissenschaftstheoretischen Vorspann beschaftigt sich Anna Ijjas mit dem sogenannten Problem der Interpretation. Sie entwickelt ein neues Interpretationsmodell, das den weiteren Verlauf der Untersuchung bestimmt. Im folgenden Teil skizziert sie die physikalischen Grundlagen und wendet sich prominenten Interpretationsversuchen zu. Anschliessend setzt sie sich mit klassischen philosophischen Themen auseinander. Zuletzt untersucht sie die anthropologischen Konsequenzen dieser Themenfelder. Behandelt werden das Problem der Willensfreiheit, die Relation des menschlichen Bewusstseins zum Gehirn und die Frage nach Gottes Wirken in der Welt. Anna Ijjas entwickelt neue Ansatze, indem sie die Unzulanglichkeit gangiger Deutungsversuche aufzeigt, mit dem Ziel, auf diese Weise zum Denken und zum Gesprach anzuregen.
Category: Religion

Religion And Science In Context

Author : Willem B. Drees
ISBN : 9781135275129
Genre : Religion
File Size : 74.37 MB
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How should we think about religion, science, and their relationship in modern society? Some religious groups oppose evolution; some atheists claim science is on their side. Others reconcile their beliefs with science, or consider science and faith to deal with fundamentally different aspects of human life. What indeed is religion: belief or trust in God’s existence? How do we distinguish sense from superstition? What does science have to say on such issues? Willem B. Drees considers contemporary discussions of these issues in Europe and North America, using examples from Christianity and religious naturalism, and reflections on Islam and Tibetan Buddhism. He argues that the scientific understanding leaves open certain ultimate questions, and thus allows for belief in a creator, but also for religious naturalism or serious agnosticism. By analysing the place of values in a world of facts, and the quest for meaningful stories in a material world, Religion and Science in Context offers an original and self-critical analysis of the field, its assumptions and functions, and ends with a vision of its possible future.
Category: Religion

The Case For Divine Design

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ISBN : 1555179002
Genre : Religion
File Size : 80.75 MB
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A timely contribution to the current debate.-Richard Schmutz, Ph.D., HistoryWas creation an act of God, or did it occur by natural processes?Can science logically disprove the existence of God?Does the apparent design of living things point to the work of a Creator?Author Frank B. Salisbury, retired professor of biology and ecology and former head of the Plant Science Department at Utah State University, answers these questions in this important book that brings understanding and respect to the ongoing debate regarding the origin of life.In the Case for Divine Design, the author argues that we must find God on our own and not be enticed by scientific evidence to believe or disbelieve. His own belief in God, coupled with decades of study and research that he shares in this book, has led him to appreciate the beauty of an Intelligent Creation.
Category: Religion

Galileo And The Conflict Between Religion And Science

Author : Gregory W. Dawes
ISBN : 9781317268895
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 50.24 MB
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For more than 30 years, historians have rejected what they call the ‘warfare thesis’ – the idea that there is an inevitable conflict between religion and science – insisting that scientists and believers can live in harmony. This book disagrees. Taking as its starting point the most famous of all such conflicts, the Galileo affair, it argues that religious and scientific communities exhibit very different attitudes to knowledge. Scripturally based religions not only claim a source of knowledge distinct from human reason. They are also bound by tradition, insist upon the certainty of their beliefs, and are resistant to radical criticism in ways in which the sciences are not. If traditionally minded believers perceive a clash between what their faith tells them and the findings of modern science, they may well do what the Church authorities did in Galileo’s time. They may attempt to close down the science, insisting that the authority of God’s word trumps that of any ‘merely human’ knowledge. Those of us who value science must take care to ensure this does not happen.
Category: Philosophy

Evolution Challenges

Author : Karl S. Rosengren
ISBN : 0199730423
Genre : Medical
File Size : 74.16 MB
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Evolution Challenges goes beyond the science versus religion debate to ask why evolution is so often rejected as a legitimate scientific fact, focusing on a wide range of cognitive, socio-cultural, and motivational factors that make concepts such as evolution difficult to grasp.
Category: Medical

Biomimicry For Optimization Control And Automation

Author : Kevin M. Passino
ISBN : 1846280699
Genre : Computers
File Size : 83.15 MB
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Biomimicry uses our scienti?c understanding of biological systems to exploit ideas from nature in order to construct some technology. In this book, we focus onhowtousebiomimicryof the functionaloperationofthe “hardwareandso- ware” of biological systems for the development of optimization algorithms and feedbackcontrolsystemsthatextendourcapabilitiestoimplementsophisticated levels of automation. The primary focus is not on the modeling, emulation, or analysis of some biological system. The focus is on using “bio-inspiration” to inject new ideas, techniques, and perspective into the engineering of complex automation systems. There are many biological processes that, at some level of abstraction, can berepresentedasoptimizationprocesses,manyofwhichhaveasa basicpurpose automatic control, decision making, or automation. For instance, at the level of everyday experience, we can view the actions of a human operator of some process (e. g. , the driver of a car) as being a series of the best choices he or she makes in trying to achieve some goal (staying on the road); emulation of this decision-making process amounts to modeling a type of biological optimization and decision-making process, and implementation of the resulting algorithm results in “human mimicry” for automation. There are clearer examples of - ological optimization processes that are used for control and automation when you consider nonhuman biological or behavioral processes, or the (internal) - ology of the human and not the resulting external behavioral characteristics (like driving a car). For instance, there are homeostasis processes where, for instance, temperature is regulated in the human body.
Category: Computers

Evolution Explanation Ethics And Aesthetics

Author : Francisco J. Ayala
ISBN : 9780128037317
Genre : Science
File Size : 31.9 MB
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Evolution, Explanation, Ethics and Aesthetics: Towards a Philosophy of Biology focuses on the dominant biological topic of evolution. It deals with the prevailing philosophical themes of how to explain the adaptation of organisms, the interplay of chance and necessity, and the recurrent topics of emergence, reductionism, and progress. In addition, the extensively treated topic of how to explain human nature as a result of natural processes and the encompassed issues of the foundations of morality and the brain-to-mind transformation is discussed. The philosophy of biology is a rapidly expanding field, not more than half a century old at most, and to a large extent is replacing the interest in the philosophy of physics that prevailed in the first two-thirds of the twentieth century. Few texts available have the benefit of being written by an eminent biologist who happens to be also a philosopher, as in this work. This book is a useful resource for seminar courses and college courses on the philosophy of biology. Researchers, academics, and students in evolutionary biology, behavior, genetics, and biodiversity will also be interested in this work, as will those in human biology and issues such as ethics, religion, and the human mind, along with professional philosophers of science and those concerned with such issues as whether evolution is compatible with religion and/or where morality comes from. Presents the unique perspective of a distinguished biologist with extensive experience in the field who has published much about the subject in a wide variety of journals and edited volumes Covers the philosophical issues related to evolution and biology in an approachable and readable style Includes the most up-to-date treatment of this burgeoning, exciting field within biology Provides the ideal guide for researchers, academics, and students in evolutionary biology, behavior, genetics, and biodiversity
Category: Science

Das Egoistische Gen

Author : Richard Dawkins
ISBN : 9783642553912
Genre : Science
File Size : 70.76 MB
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p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.
Category: Science

Books In Print

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ISBN : UOM:39015045491084
Genre : American literature
File Size : 66.68 MB
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Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.
Category: American literature