Ethics And The Autonomy Of Philosophy

Author : Bernard James Walker
ISBN : 9781498227810
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 51.38 MB
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In Ethics and the Autonomy of Philosophy, Bernard Walker sets out with two objectives. First, Walker argues that ethics is autonomous as a discipline. Oftentimes ethics books, from a Christian perspective, lean toward grounding ethics in theology or in biblical proof texting. Walker departs from this tradition. Ethics grounded in theology entails a limited scope for those doing ethics in that the Christian God must be assumed for both Christian and non-Christian when at the table of ethical dialogue. For the non-Christian, this loads the dice and shuts down ethical consensus and dialogue, if not ethical truth. With that said, this book does not depart from Christian ethical views on such issues as the sanctity of life, antiracism, the death penalty, the objectivity of ethics, and the importance of integrating faith into ethics; however, Walker does so from a common denominator of philosophy rather than theology. Second, Walker ventures into the streets and engages the man/woman on the streets approach to ethics and ethical decision-making. He points out the shortcomings of the ubiquitous views of the man/woman on the streets, viz., cultural relativism, skepticism, and the attitude that ethics is merely a matter of personal choice.
Category: Philosophy

Autonomy

Author : Lawrence Haworth
ISBN : 0300035691
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 41.6 MB
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Category: Philosophy

Personal Autonomy

Author : James Stacey Taylor
ISBN : 1139442716
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 51.47 MB
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Autonomy has recently become one of the central concepts in contemporary moral philosophy and has generated much debate over its nature and value. This 2005 volume brings together essays that address the theoretical foundations of the concept of autonomy, as well as essays that investigate the relationship between autonomy and moral responsibility, freedom, political philosophy, and medical ethics. Written by some of the most prominent philosophers working in these areas, this book represents research on the nature and value of autonomy that will be essential reading for a broad swathe of philosophers as well as many psychologists.
Category: Philosophy

Vulnerability Autonomy And Applied Ethics

Author : Christine Straehle
ISBN : 9781317297932
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 59.15 MB
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Vulnerability is an important concern of moral philosophy, political philosophy and many discussions in applied ethics. Yet the concept itself—what it is and why it is morally salient—is under-theorized. Vulnerability, Autonomy, and Applied Ethics brings together theorists working on conceptualizing vulnerability as an action-guiding principle in these discussions, as well as bioethicists, medical ethicists and public policy theorists working on instances of vulnerability in specific contexts. This volume offers new and innovative work by Joel Anderson, Carla Bagnoli, Samia Hurst, Catriona Mackenzie and Christine Straehle, who together provide a discussion of the concept of vulnerability from the perspective of individual autonomy. The exchanges among authors will help show the heuristic value of vulnerability that is being developed in the context of liberal political theory and moral philosophy. The book also illustrates how applying the concept of vulnerability to some of the most pressing moral questions in applied ethics can assist us in making moral judgments. This highly innovative and interdisciplinary approach will help those grappling with questions of vulnerability in medical ethics—both theorists and practitioners—by providing principles along which to decide hard cases.
Category: Philosophy

Historical And Philosophical Perspectives On Biomedical Ethics

Author : Andreas-Holger Maehle
ISBN : 0754615294
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 58.37 MB
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This volume discusses the subject of biomedical ethics. Various views, historical and contemporary, are discussed, with the editors using the contrasting concepts in the shift from paternalism to autonomy in 20th-century medicine as a heuristic tool for the critical study of ethics in medicine.As far as the evidence in this volume goes, paternalistic medical practices and patient autonomy had an uneasy relationship by the beginning of the 20th century. A hundred years later, full autonomy in decisions on medical treatment is still subject to numerous caveats. The text pays close attention to the interplay between various players, noting how factors such as social contexts, governmental organizations and the biotechnological industry influence and shape responses to the principle of bioethics.
Category: Philosophy

Vulnerability

Author : Catriona Mackenzie
ISBN : 9780199316656
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 75.98 MB
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This volume breaks new ground by investigating the ethics of vulnerability. Drawing on various ethical traditions, the contributors explore the nature of vulnerability, the responsibilities owed to the vulnerable, and by whom.
Category: Philosophy

Autonomy And Community

Author : Jane Kneller
ISBN : 0791437442
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 25.54 MB
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Shows how Kant's basic position applies to and clarifies present-day problems of war, race, abortion, capital punishment, labor relations, the environment, and marriage.
Category: Philosophy

The Different Faces Of Autonomy

Author : Maartje Schermer
ISBN : 9789401599726
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 52.56 MB
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Patient autonomy is a much discussed and debated subject in medical ethics, as well as in healthcare practice, medical law, and healthcare policy. This book provides a detailed and nuanced analysis of both the concept of autonomy and the principle of respect for autonomy, in an accessible style. The unique feature of this book is that it combines empirical research into hospital practice with thorough philosophical analyses. As such, it is an example of a new movement in applied ethics, that of 'empirical ethics'. The key themes are informed consent and medical decision making, personal well-being, competence, paternalism and decision making for incompetent patients. Much attention is also devoted to autonomy in non-decision making situations - patient control over small everyday aspects of care, authenticity and existential aspects of illness, autonomy and the 'ethics of care', and the relationship between autonomy and trust in the physician-patient relationship. This book will be of interest to those working or studying in the field of medical ethics and applied ethics but also to healthcare professionals and health policy makers.
Category: Philosophy

Patient Autonomy And The Ethics Of Responsibility

Author : Alfred I. Tauber
ISBN : 0262201607
Genre : Law
File Size : 28.94 MB
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A philosophical discussion of the doctor-patient relationship that argues for enhanced patient autonomy based on the ethics of physician responsibility and a science of value-based decision making.
Category: Law

Ethics And Educational Policy International Library Of The Philosophy Of Education Volume 21

Author : Kenneth A. Strike
ISBN : 9781135170196
Genre : Education
File Size : 28.58 MB
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This is a philosophical treatment of the conceptual and normative aspects of topics which are currently a matter of policy debate in education. The authors have focussed on such concepts as liberty, autonomy, equality and pluralism, and have provided a philosophical commentary which relates these concepts both to a background of philosophical literature, and to the institutional contexts and policy debates in which they function.
Category: Education