Environmental Archaeology

Author : Dena F. Dincauze
ISBN : 0521310776
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83.18 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 455
Read : 344

Archaeologists today need a wide range of scientific approaches in order to delineate and interpret the ecology of their sites. But borrowing concepts from other disciplines demands a critical understanding, and the methods must be appropriate to particular sets of data. This book is an authoritative and essential guide to methods, ranging from techniques for measuring time with isotopes and magnetism to the sciences of climate reconstruction, geomorphology, sedimentology, soil science, paleobotany and faunal paleoecology. Their applications are illustrated by examples from the Paleolithic, through classical civilizations, to urban archaeology.
Category: Social Science

Environmental Archaeology 7

Author : Glynis Jones
ISBN : 1842170813
Genre : Nature
File Size : 83.36 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 210
Read : 977

Contents. Research Papers: Ancient Fires on Southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada: A Change in Causal Mechanisms at about 2,000 ybp ( Kendrick J Brown and Richard J Hebda ); The Traditional, Historical and Prehistoric Use of Ashes as an Insecticide, with an Experimental Study on the Insecticidal Efficacy of Washed Ash ( Tom Hakbijl ); Sources of Meat in Colonial Diets: Faunal Evidence from Two Nineteenth Century Tasmanian Whaling Stations ( Susan Lawrence and Catherine Tucker ); Assessment and Further Development of the Recording and Interpretation of Linear Enamel Hypoplasia in Archaeological Pig Populations ( Keith Dobney, Anton Ervynck and Beverly La Ferla ); British Agriculture: Texts for the Zoo-Archaeologist ( Simon J M Davis ); Fish Otoliths and their Relevance to Archaeology: An Analysis of Medieval, Post-Medieval, and Recent Material of Plaice, Cod and Haddock from the North Sea ( Wim Van Neer, Anton Ervynck, Loes J Bolle, Richard S Millner and Adriaan D Rijnsdorp ); Derivation and Application of a Food Utility Index (GFUI) for European Wild Boar ( Sus scrofa L.) ( Peter Rowley-Conwy, Paul Halstead and Patricia Collins ). Short Contributions: A Donkey ( Equus asinus L. ) Partial Skeleton from a Mid-Late Anglo-Saxon Alluvial Layer at Deans Yard Westminster, London SW1 ( Ian L Baxter ); Iron Age Cultigen? Experimental Return Rates for Fat Hen ( Chenopodium album L.) ( Paul Stokes and Peter Rowley-Conwy ); Wetland Microfossils in Soil: Implications for the Study of Land Use on Archaeological Landscapes ( Mark Horrocks, Martin D Jones, Scott L Nichol and Douglas G Sutton ). Book Reviews: R Gale and D Cutler (2000), Plants in Archaeology. Identification manual of vegetative plant materials used in Europe and the Southern Mediterranean to c.1500 ; G Bailey, R Charles, and N Winder (eds) (2000), Human Ecodynamics ; D Dincauze (2000), Environmental Archaeology: Principles and Practice.
Category: Nature

Case Studies In Environmental Archaeology

Author : Elizabeth Reitz
ISBN : 0387713964
Genre : History
File Size : 44.89 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 232
Read : 806

A few years ago, one of us was approached by a student who asked if we really knew anything about human behavior from environmental archaeology. This student was taking an environmental archaeology course in which taphonomy and the biases of the techniques and methods used by environmental archae- ogists figured prominently. The goal was to train students to be informed users of environmental data. But the student, quite rightly, wanted to know if beyond taphonomy, recovery biases, and analytical biases, there was anything envir- mental archaeologists could say about the human condition. Her question was the stimulus for the first edition of this volume and continued to guide us as we edited this second edition. Our purpose is to show students and scholars, through a series of case studies, that there are things environmental archaeologists do know about the human-environmental relationship; many of which defy conventional archaeological expectations. To do so, however, we must break with the t- ditional organization of environmental archaeology along disciplinary lines. Environmental archaeology is intrinsically interdisciplinary. The demands of each discipline often mean, however, that specialists become further speci- ized in a very limited technical focus. While almost every environmental technique and method is represented in this edition, they are used as tools, not as ends in themselves.
Category: History

Behavioral Archaeology

Author : Michael B. Schiffer
ISBN : 9781134903726
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59.45 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 437
Read : 259

Behavioral archaeology offers a way of examining the past by highlighting human engagement with the material culture of the time. 'Behavioral Archaeology: Principles and Practice' offers a broad overview of the methods and theories used in this approach to archaeology. Opening with an overview of the history and key concepts, the book goes on to systematically cover both principles and practice: the philosophy of science and the scientific method; artifacts and human behavior; archaeological inference; formation processes of the archaeological record; technological change; behavioral change; and ritual and religion. Detailed case studies show the relevance of behavioral method and theory to the wider field of archaeological studies. The book will be invaluable to students of archaeology and anthropology.
Category: Social Science

Environmental Archaeology

Author : Elizabeth Reitz
ISBN : 9781461433392
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.76 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 218
Read : 574

One of the most significant developments in archaeology in recent years is the emergence of its environmental branch: the study of humans’ interactions with their natural surroundings over long periods and of organic remains instead of the artifacts and household items generally associated with sites. With the current attention paid to human responsibility for environmental change, this innovative field is recognized by scientists, conservation and heritage managers and policymakers worldwide. In this context comes Environmental Archaeology by Elizabeth Reitz and Myra Shackley, updating the seminal 1981 text Environmental Archaeology by Myra Shackley. Rigorously detailed yet concise and accessible, this volume surveys the complex and technical field of environmental archaeology for researchers interested in the causes, consequences and potential future impact of environmental change and archaeology. Its coverage acknowledges the multiple disciplines involved in the field, expanding the possibilities for using environmental data from archaeological sites in enriching related disciplines and improving communication among them. Introductory chapters explain the processes involved in the formation of sites, introduce research designs and field methods and walk the reader through biological classifications before focusing on the various levels of biotic and abiotic materials found at sites, including: Sediments and soils. Viruses, bacteria, archaea, protists and fungi. Bryophytes and vascular plants. Wood, charcoal, stems, leaves and roots. Spores, pollen and other microbotanical remains. Arthropods, molluscs, echinoderms and vertebrates. Stable isotopes, elements and biomolecules. The updated Environmental Archaeology is a major addition to the resource library of archaeologists, environmentalists, historians, researchers, policymakers—anyone involved in studying, managing or preserving historical sites. The updated Environmental Archaeology is a major addition to the resource library of archaeologists, environmentalists, historians, researchers, policymakers—anyone involved in studying, managing, or preserving historical sites.
Category: Social Science

Historia Archaeologica

Author : Sebastian Brather
ISBN : 9783110223385
Genre : History
File Size : 56.14 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 571
Read : 607

The 70th birthday of Heiko Steuer, Professor of Pre- and Protohistory at Freiburg University from 1984 to 2005, and for many years one of the editors of the Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde, has been the occasion for the presentation of this collection of 35 papers. The six sections cover Steuer’s research fields: 1. Prehistory, 2. Antiquity, 3. The Early Middle Ages in West and South Europe, 4. The Early Middle Ages in Northern Europe, 5. The High and Late Middle Ages, 6. The history of scholarship and matters of method.
Category: History

Environmental Archaeology

Author : Chris Turney
ISBN : 9781444119268
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.42 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 213
Read : 596

Outlines and assesses the various methods used to reconstruct and explain the past interaction between people and their environment.
Category: Science

Encyclopedia Of Environmental Change

Author : John A Matthews
ISBN : 9781473928190
Genre : Nature
File Size : 73.21 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 563
Read : 1109

Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.
Category: Nature

Underwater Archaeology

Author : Nautical Archaeology Society (NAS)
ISBN : 9781444358315
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.67 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 165
Read : 1016

Underwater Archaeology: The NAS Guide to Principles and Practice provides a comprehensive summary of the archaeological process as applied in an underwater context. Long awaited second edition of what is popularly referred to as the NAS Handbook Provides a practical guide to underwater archaeology: how to get involved, basic principles, essential techniques, project planning and execution, publishing and presenting Fully illustrated with over 100 drawings and new colour graphics New chapters on geophysics, historical research, photography and video, monitoring and maintenance and conservation
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Landscape Archaeology

Author : Bruno David
ISBN : 9781315427720
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 47.47 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 470
Read : 166

Over the past three decades, “landscape” has become an umbrella term to describe many different strands of archaeology. From the processualist study of settlement patterns to the phenomenologist’s experience of the natural world, from human impact on past environments to the environment’s impact on human thought, action, and interaction, the term has been used. In this volume, for the first time, over 80 archaeologists from three continents attempt a comprehensive definition of the ideas and practices of landscape archaeology, covering the theoretical and the practical, the research and conservation, and encasing the term in a global framework. As a basic reference volume for landscape archaeology, this volume will be the benchmark for decades to come. All royalties on this Handbook are donated to the World Archaeological Congress.
Category: Social Science