DEVELOPMENT AS FREEDOM

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Development As Freedom

Author : Amartya Sen
ISBN : 9780307874290
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 59.71 MB
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By the winner of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Economics, an essential and paradigm-altering framework for understanding economic development--for both rich and poor--in the twenty-first century. Freedom, Sen argues, is both the end and most efficient means of sustaining economic life and the key to securing the general welfare of the world's entire population. Releasing the idea of individual freedom from association with any particular historical, intellectual, political, or religious tradition, Sen clearly demonstrates its current applicability and possibilities. In the new global economy, where, despite unprecedented increases in overall opulence, the contemporary world denies elementary freedoms to vast numbers--perhaps even the majority of people--he concludes, it is still possible to practically and optimistically restain a sense of social accountability. Development as Freedom is essential reading.
Category: Business & Economics

Development As Freedom

Author : Amartya Sen
ISBN : 0192893300
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 84.13 MB
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Amartya Sen is the most respected and well-known economist of his time. This book is a synthesis of his thought, viewing economic development as a means to extending freedoms rather than an end in itself. By widening his outlook to include poverty, tyranny, lack of opportunity, individual rights, and political structures, Professor Sen gives a stimulating and enlightening overview of the development process. His compassionate yet rigorous analysis will appeal to all those interested in the fate of the developing world, from general reader to specialist.
Category: Business & Economics

Development As Freedom

Author : Amartya Sen
ISBN : 9780198297581
Genre : Developing countries
File Size : 41.69 MB
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In Development as Freedom Amartya Sen quotes the eighteenth century poet William Cowper on freedom: Freedom has a thousand charms to show, That slaves howe'er contented, never know. Sen explains how in a world of unprecedented increase in overall opulence, millions of people living in rich and poor countries are still unfree. Even if they are not technically slaves, they are denied elementary freedom and remain imprisoned in one way or another by economic poverty, socialdeprivation, political tyranny or cultural authoritarianism. The main purpose of development is to spread freedom and its 'thousand charms' to the unfree citizens. Freedom, Sen persuasively argues, is at once the ultimate goal of social and economic arrangements and the most efficient means of realizing general welfare. Social institutions like markets, political parties, legislatures, the judiciary, and the media contribute to development by enhancing individual freedom and are in turnsustained by social values. Values, institutions, development, and freedom are all closely interrelated, and Sen links them together in an elegant analytical framework. By asking "What is the relation between our collective economic wealth and our individual ability to live as we would like?" and by incorporating individual freedom as a social commitment into his analysis, Sen allows economics once again, as it did in the time of Adam Smith, to address the social basis of individual well-beingand freedom.
Category: Developing countries

Development As Freedom In A Digital Age

Author : Björn Sören Gigler
ISBN : 9781464804212
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83.33 MB
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The knowledge of how to use information technology is a critical human capability for a person to realize the various things he/she values doing or being in all dimensions of his/her life. At the center of this process is a person s ability to access, process and act upon information facilitated through the use of new technologies.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Development As Freedom

Author : Janna Miletzki
ISBN : 9781351350402
Genre :
File Size : 79.38 MB
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Amartya Sen uses his 1999 work Development as Freedom to evaluate the processes and outcomes of economic development. Having come to the conclusion that development is best summed up as the expansion of freedom, Sen examines traditional definitions and understandings of the term. He says people tend to think of freedoms as economic (the freedom to enter into market exchanges) or political (the freedom to vote and be an active citizen), and tries to understand why the definition has been so narrow hitherto. He concludes that an evaluation of true freedom must necessarily include the freedom to access social services such as healthcare, sanitation and nutrition, just as much as it must acknowledge economic and political freedoms. Evaluating the relevance of the current thinking behind development, Sen's concludes that the term 'freedom' cannot simply be about income. In many ways, measuring income does not account for various "unfreedoms" (manmade or natural bars to wellbeing) that hinder development. Sen's evaluation is all the more powerful for its clarity: "The freedom-centered perspective has a generic similarity to the common concern with 'quality of life."
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Development As Freedom

Author : John Gay
ISBN : STANFORD:36105112187062
Genre : Africa, Sub-Saharan
File Size : 60.17 MB
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Category: Africa, Sub-Saharan

Development As Freedom

Author : Henning Müller
ISBN : 9783640945177
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 57.90 MB
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Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Economics - Economic Cycle and Growth, grade: 1,0, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, language: English, abstract: About 2500 years ago the brilliant Greek philosopher Aristotle surveyed in his Nicomachean Ethics the ends to which our conduct should be directed. He concluded with deep insight that “wealth is obviously not the good we seek, for the sole purpose it serves is to provide the means of getting something else [emphasis added]” (Aristotle, 1975, p. 31). Until recent times, economists struggle for a commonly accepted primary “end” as an overall policy goal. The ideas range from income and wealth maximization (often expressed in the per capita GNP) over “the pursuit of happiness” as an “unalienable right” in the US Declaration of Independence of 1776 to well-known measures of “something else” such as the Gross National Happiness in Bhutan (cf. DiTella and MacCulloch, 2008). Another, indeed very famous, proposal originates from the work of Amartya Sen. He suggests to define freedom as the primary goal for societies and to measure the achievements in the space of feasible functionings, the so-called capability set. In this paper I seek to present Sen’s theoretical conception of development as freedom and to provide both the background for tracing the process of origin as well as some exemplary applications to give an idea of the impact of his vision on economic problems. I will focus on the theoretical structure of his conception and will not go into details regarding empirical and historical data that can easily be found in standard literature on development economics. The theoretical background to Sen’s approach, however, is not that intensively discussed and so my aim is to contribute to the understanding of the theoretical structure of his idea. In the beginning, I will give a brief overview of development as a general conception in economics. Therefore, I will go into areas, goals and a sample of measurements of development. In the second and central section of this paper I will analyze Sen’s idea of development as freedom from a theoretical perspective. In doing so, I will picture the derivation of his idea from welfare economics and then scrutinize different aspects of freedoms in Sen’s thinking that are crucial for a deep understanding of the deductions emanating from his approach. Finally, I will point out three exemplary applications of the conception of development as freedom on important economic problems, namely markets, poverty and democracy.
Category: Business & Economics

Rationality And Freedom

Author : Amartya Sen
ISBN : 0674013514
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 36.18 MB
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Rationality and freedom are among the most profound and contentious concepts in philosophy and the social sciences. In this, the first of two volumes, Amartya Sen brings clarity and insight to these difficult issues.
Category: Philosophy

Development As Freedom

Author : Anna Praz
ISBN : 9783640734771
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41.11 MB
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Essay from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - Methods, Research, grade: A, Humboldt-University of Berlin, course: International Political Economy, language: English, abstract: When the term development is considered, it is difficult to have a clear dimension to address, as this term illustrates a complex human process, rich in linkages and interrelations, which has been erroneously simplified in the course of time, by various single explanatory variables. Nevertheless, in order to restrict the domain, it might be useful to find a definition of it. The term underdevelopment, strictly related to its positive derivate, was defined by J. de Largentaye as a “weak degree of resource exploitation” 1, resources that can be natural, economic and human. For the author, the main dynamic was to find in the economic development, which is the increase in the amount of people nation's population with sustained growth, from a simple low-income economy, to a modern high-income economy, with the ultimate goal of improving the economic, political, and social well-being of its people2.
Category: Political Science