CRITICAL MODELS

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Critical Models

Author : Theodor W. Adorno
ISBN : 9780231510424
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 44.39 MB
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Critical Models combines into a single volume two of Adorno's most important postwar works -- Interventions: Nine Critical Models (1963) and Catchwords: Critical Models II (1969). Written after his return to Germany in 1949, the articles, essays, and radio talks included in this volume speak to the pressing political, cultural, and philosophical concerns of the postwar era. The pieces in Critical Models reflect the intellectually provocative as well as the practical Adorno as he addresses such issues as the dangers of ideological conformity, the fragility of democracy, educational reform, the influence of television and radio, and the aftermath of fascism. This new edition includes an introduction by Lydia Goehr, a renowned scholar in philosophy, aesthetic theory, and musicology. Goehr illuminates Adorno's ideas as well as the intellectual, historical, and critical contexts that shaped his postwar thinking.
Category: Philosophy

Critical Models

Author : Theodor W. Adorno
ISBN : 0231135041
Genre : History
File Size : 57.56 MB
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"Critical Models' combines two of Adorno's most important postwar works - 'Interventions' and 'Catchwords"--And addresses issues such as the dangers of ideological conformity, the fragility of democracy, educational reform, the influence of television and radio and the aftermath and continuity of racism.
Category: History

Critical Models

Author : Theodor W. Adorno
ISBN : 023113505X
Genre : History
File Size : 80.80 MB
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"Critical Models' combines two of Adorno's most important postwar works - 'Interventions' and 'Catchwords"--And addresses issues such as the dangers of ideological conformity, the fragility of democracy, educational reform, the influence of television and radio and the aftermath and continuity of racism.
Category: History

Disorder And Critical Phenomena Through Basic Probability Models

Author : Giambattista Giacomin
ISBN : 9783642211553
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 25.69 MB
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Understanding the effect of disorder on critical phenomena is a central issue in statistical mechanics. In probabilistic terms: what happens if we perturb a system exhibiting a phase transition by introducing a random environment? The physics community has approached this very broad question by aiming at general criteria that tell whether or not the addition of disorder changes the critical properties of a model: some of the predictions are truly striking and mathematically challenging. We approach this domain of ideas by focusing on a specific class of models, the "pinning models," for which a series of recent mathematical works has essentially put all the main predictions of the physics community on firm footing; in some cases, mathematicians have even gone beyond, settling a number of controversial issues. But the purpose of these notes, beyond treating the pinning models in full detail, is also to convey the gist, or at least the flavor, of the "overall picture," which is, in many respects, unfamiliar territory for mathematicians.
Category: Mathematics

Critical Phenomena In Loop Models

Author : Adam Nahum
ISBN : 9783319064079
Genre : Science
File Size : 76.95 MB
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When close to a continuous phase transition, many physical systems can usefully be mapped to ensembles of fluctuating loops, which might represent for example polymer rings, or line defects in a lattice magnet, or worldlines of quantum particles. 'Loop models' provide a unifying geometric language for problems of this kind. This thesis aims to extend this language in two directions. The first part of the thesis tackles ensembles of loops in three dimensions, and relates them to the statistical properties of line defects in disordered media and to critical phenomena in two-dimensional quantum magnets. The second part concerns two-dimensional loop models that lie outside the standard paradigms: new types of critical point are found, and new results given for the universal properties of polymer collapse transitions in two dimensions. All of these problems are shown to be related to sigma models on complex or real projective space, CP^{n−1} or RP^{n−1} -- in some cases in a 'replica' limit -- and this thesis is also an in-depth investigation of critical behaviour in these field theories.
Category: Science

Equilibrium Models In Economics

Author : Lawrence A. Boland
ISBN : 9780190274351
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 67.7 MB
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The concept of equilibrium is fundamental to economic theory, according to which, it exists when supply and demand are balanced. Equilibrium Models in Economics critically examines the major problematic assumptions employed to build equilibrium models. It gives particular attention to the assumptions used to characterize learning, knowledge and expectations. Lawrence Boland here explores whether equilibrium models can provide a realistic explanation of economic events and objects such as prices, market demands and market supplies. He traces how the different perspectives on equilibrium models represented by such creators as Kenneth Arrow, Robert Clower, and George Richardson influenced subsequent developments in economics. A key debate is about the comparative importance of whether equilibrium refers to a state of an actual economy or a property of a formal mathematical model. Another is the extent that the distinction between a model's exogenous vs. endogenous variables involves causality. Also explored are more recent efforts provided by behavioral, evolutionary, and complexity economics-whether they might change how economics is practiced in the future and how they could. Equilibrium Models in Economics is a trenchant exploration of how the discipline has grappled with attempts to understand and explain the way information, knowledge, and the expectations of actors participating in the economy influence outcomes and behavior. It presents a realistic, workable theory of knowledge and learning, simulating how decision makers and other actors operate in fast-changing equilibrium conditions.
Category: Business & Economics

Hazard Analysis And Critical Control Point Generic Models For Some Traditional Foods

Author : Who Regional Office for the Eastern Medi
ISBN : 9789290215905
Genre : Medical
File Size : 49.73 MB
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This Manualis intended to help producers, regulators, trainers and others concerned with the safety of traditional foods in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, and may be used as material for training in food hygiene and the HACCP system, as well as the basis for the development of food safety programs. It is expected that most producers of the foods covered in this manual will have little or no knowledge of the HACCP system, so to expect them to implement the relevant models alone would not be realistic. Rather, governmental or nongovernmental agencies engaged in health, food control, or safety of the environment will need to help groups of producers in implementing the models in their plants. This manual covers just a few of the many traditional foods of the Region. It is hoped that that countries will develop and share generic HACCP models for other traditional foods in the Region so that a second edition can follow.
Category: Medical