Crabgrass Frontier

Author : Kenneth T. Jackson
ISBN : 0199840342
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42.71 MB
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This first full-scale history of the development of the American suburb examines how "the good life" in America came to be equated with the a home of one's own surrounded by a grassy yard and located far from the urban workplace. Integrating social history with economic and architectural analysis, and taking into account such factors as the availability of cheap land, inexpensive building methods, and rapid transportation, Kenneth Jackson chronicles the phenomenal growth of the American suburb from the middle of the 19th century to the present day. He treats communities in every section of the U.S. and compares American residential patterns with those of Japan and Europe. In conclusion, Jackson offers a controversial prediction: that the future of residential deconcentration will be very different from its past in both the U.S. and Europe.
Category: Social Science

The Short Drop Ein Bitterer Tod

Author : Matthew FitzSimmons
ISBN : 9783865524911
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 58.49 MB
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Der Erstling von Matthew FitzSimmons wurde in den USA ein riesiger Bestseller. Vor zehn Jahren verschwand die damals 14-jährige Suzanne Lombard. Spurlos. Wurde Suzanne ermordet? Oder von einem Pädophilen gekidnappt? Hält man sie seit Jahren gefangen? Als Suzannes Vater für das Amt des US-Präsidenten kandidiert, tauchen plötzlich neue rätselhafte Hinweise auf ihren Verbleib auf. Diese Spuren kann womöglich nur ein Mensch entschlüsseln: Gibson Vaughn, der mit Suzanne aufwuchs und die für ihn wie eine kleine Schwester war. Für Vaughn, Ex-Marine, Computerfreak, arbeitslos, wird die Suche nach Suzanne zu einer gefahrvollen Reise in die Vergangenheit. Stück für Stück setzt er das Puzzle zusammen, bis die entsetzliche Wahrheit am Ende sein eigenes Leben bedroht. Falls Sie ein Fan von harten Thrillern mit tiefen Emotionen in der Art von Lee Child, Dennis Lehane oder Harlan Coben sind: Zugreifen! The Washington Post: »FitzSimmons hat einen Soziopathen geschaffen, der es in sich hat.« Crimespree Magazine: »Ein höllisches Debüt ...« Matthew FitzSimmons aus Illinois, USA, wuchs in London auf. Seine idyllische Kindheit wurde 1977 erschüttert, als er die traumatische Erfahrung machte, dass sein Vater während der Vorführung von Star Wars schnarchte und er deshalb befürchtete, adoptiert worden zu sein. Matthew schloss ein Studium der Psychologie ab, obwohl seine ganze Leidenschaft dem Theater galt. Nach einigen Jahren in New York zog es ihn nach China. Dort schrieb er seinen ersten Roman (über den besser geschwiegen wird). Jetzt lebt er in Washington, D. C., und lehrt an einer privaten High School englische Literatur und Theater.
Category: Fiction

X Urbanism

Author : Mario Gandelsonas
ISBN : 9781568981512
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 71.59 MB
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For most of his career, architect Mario Gandelsonas has been exploring the American city through his writings, designs, lectures, and, above all, through a series of remarkable analytical drawings. X-Urbanism raises questions about the form of the city by examining various configurations of urban space, analyzing them in ways that blur the traditional opposition between figure and ground. This title serves as a visual lexicon of the formal properties of American urbanism-fabric, void, grid, wall-that reveal the hidden structure of the cities New York, Los Angeles, Boston, Chicago, New Haven, Des Moines, and Atlantic City. In the process, X-Urbanism confounds our expectations: it shows us the subtle order of chaotic Los Angeles, and the disruptions of New York's rigorous grid. X-Urbanism carefully reproduces Gandelsonas's drawings, which range from crisp, elegant pen-and-ink to colorful computer renderings and are as beautiful as they are instructive.
Category: Architecture

Die Gro St Dte Und Das Geistesleben

Author : Georg Simmel
ISBN : 9788027213863
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 82.76 MB
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Die Großstädte und das Geistesleben ist ein 1903 erschienener Aufsatz des Soziologen Georg Simmel, mit dem dieser die Grundlagen der Stadtsoziologie schuf. Das tiefste Problem des modernen Lebens ist nach Georg Simmel der Anspruch des Individuums nach der Selbstständigkeit und Eigenart seines Daseins gegen die Übermächte der Gesellschaft, das geschichtlich Ererbte der äußerlichen Kultur und Technik des Lebens zu bewahren. Der Großstädter ist - im Gegensatz zum Kleinstädter - einer "Steigerung des Nervenlebens" ausgesetzt. Darin besteht die Basis für den Typus großstädtischer Individualität. Georg Simmel (1858-1918) war ein deutscher Philosoph und Soziologe. Er leistete wichtige Beiträge zur Kulturphilosophie, war Begründer der "formalen Soziologie" und der Konfliktsoziologie. Simmel stand in der Tradition der Lebensphilosophie, aber auch der des Neukantianismus.
Category: Social Science

The Urban Geography Reader

Author : Nicholas R. Fyfe
ISBN : 9780415307017
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.70 MB
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Drawing on a rich diversity of theoretical approaches and analytical strategies, urban geographers have been at the forefront of understanding the global and local processes shaping cities, and of making sense of the urban experiences of a wide variety of social groups. Through their links with those working in the fields of urban policy design, urban geographers have also played an important role in the analysis of the economic and social problems confronting cities. Capturing the diversity of scholarship in the field of urban geography, this reader presents a stimulating selection of articles and excerpts by leading figures. Organized around seven themes, it addresses the changing economic, social, cultural, and technological conditions of contemporary urbanization and the range of personal and public responses. It reflects the academic importance of urban geography in terms of both its theoretical and empirical analysis as well as its applied policy relevance, and features extensive editorial input in the form of general, section and individual extract introductions. Bringing together in one volume 'classic' and contemporary pieces of urban geography, studies undertaken in the developed and developing worlds, and examples of theoretical and applied research, it provides in a convenient, student-friendly format, an unparalleled resource for those studying the complex geographies of urban areas.
Category: Social Science

American Dreams Suburban Nightmares Suburbia As A Narrative Space Between Utopia And Dystopia In Contemporary American Cinema

Author : Melanie Smicek
ISBN : 9783954893218
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 64.81 MB
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The suburban landscape is inseparable from American culture. Suburbia does not only relate to the geographical concept, but also describes a cultural space incorporating people’s hopes for a safe and prosperous life. Suburbia marks a dynamic ideological space constantly influenced and recreated by both the events of everyday life and artistic discourse. Fictional texts do not merely represent suburbia, but also have a decisive role in the shaping of suburban spaces. The widely held idealized image of suburbia evolved in the 1950s. Today, reality deviates from the concept of suburbs projected back then, due to e.g. high divorce rates and an increase of crime. Nevertheless, the nostalgic view of the suburbs as the “Promised Land" has survived. Postwar critics object to this perception, considering the suburbs rather as depressing landscapes of mass-consumption, conformity and alienation. This book exemplifies the dualistic representation of suburbs in contemporary American cinema by analyzing Pleasantville, The Truman Show and American Beauty. It examines how utopian concepts of suburbia are created culturally and psychologically in the films, and how the underlying anxieties of the suburban experience, visualized by the dystopian narratives, challenge this ideal.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Crabgrass Crucible

Author : Christopher C. Sellers
ISBN : 9780807869901
Genre : History
File Size : 74.59 MB
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Although suburb-building created major environmental problems, Christopher Sellers demonstrates that the environmental movement originated within suburbs--not just in response to unchecked urban sprawl. Drawn to the countryside as early as the late nineteenth century, new suburbanites turned to taming the wildness of their surroundings. They cultivated a fondness for the natural world around them, and in the decades that followed, they became sensitized to potential threats. Sellers shows how the philosophy, science, and emotions that catalyzed the environmental movement sprang directly from suburbanites' lives and their ideas about nature, as well as the unique ecology of the neighborhoods in which they dwelt. Sellers focuses on the spreading edges of New York and Los Angeles over the middle of the twentieth century to create an intimate portrait of what it was like to live amid suburban nature. As suburbanites learned about their land, became aware of pollution, and saw the forests shrinking around them, the vulnerability of both their bodies and their homes became apparent. Worries crossed lines of class and race and necessitated new ways of thinking and acting, Sellers argues, concluding that suburb-dwellers, through the knowledge and politics they forged, deserve much of the credit for inventing modern environmentalism.
Category: History

Power Lines

Author : Andrew Needham
ISBN : 9781400852406
Genre : History
File Size : 34.18 MB
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In 1940, Phoenix was a small, agricultural city of sixty-five thousand, and the Navajo Reservation was an open landscape of scattered sheepherders. Forty years later, Phoenix had blossomed into a metropolis of 1.5 million people and the territory of the Navajo Nation was home to two of the largest strip mines in the world. Five coal-burning power plants surrounded the reservation, generating electricity for export to Phoenix, Los Angeles, and other cities. Exploring the postwar developments of these two very different landscapes, Power Lines tells the story of the far-reaching environmental and social inequalities of metropolitan growth, and the roots of the contemporary coal-fueled climate change crisis. Andrew Needham explains how inexpensive electricity became a requirement for modern life in Phoenix—driving assembly lines and cooling the oppressive heat. Navajo officials initially hoped energy development would improve their lands too, but as ash piles marked their landscape, air pollution filled the skies, and almost half of Navajo households remained without electricity, many Navajos came to view power lines as a sign of their subordination in the Southwest. Drawing together urban, environmental, and American Indian history, Needham demonstrates how power lines created unequal connections between distant landscapes and how environmental changes associated with suburbanization reached far beyond the metropolitan frontier. Needham also offers a new account of postwar inequality, arguing that residents of the metropolitan periphery suffered similar patterns of marginalization as those faced in America's inner cities. Telling how coal from Indian lands became the fuel of modernity in the Southwest, Power Lines explores the dramatic effects that this energy system has had on the people and environment of the region.
Category: History

Beyond Our Means

Author : Sheldon Garon
ISBN : 9781400839407
Genre : History
File Size : 69.75 MB
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If the financial crisis has taught us anything, it is that Americans save too little, spend too much, and borrow excessively. What can we learn from East Asian and European countries that have fostered enduring cultures of thrift over the past two centuries? Beyond Our Means tells for the first time how other nations aggressively encouraged their citizens to save by means of special savings institutions and savings campaigns. The U.S. government, meanwhile, promoted mass consumption and reliance on credit, culminating in the global financial meltdown. Many economists believe people save according to universally rational calculations, saving the most in their middle years as they plan for retirement, and saving the least in welfare states. In reality, Europeans save at high rates despite generous welfare programs and aging populations. Americans save little, despite weaker social safety nets and a younger population. Tracing the development of such behaviors across three continents from the nineteenth century to today, this book highlights the role of institutions and moral suasion in shaping habits of saving and spending. It shows how the encouragement of thrift was not a relic of indigenous traditions but a modern movement to confront rising consumption. Around the world, messages to save and spend wisely confronted citizens everywhere--in schools, magazines, and novels. At the same time, in America, businesses and government normalized practices of living beyond one's means. Transnational history at its most compelling, Beyond Our Means reveals why some nations save so much and others so little. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.
Category: History

Buyways

Author : Catherine Gudis
ISBN : 9781135952433
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 86.41 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Business & Economics