Conservative Parties And The Birth Of Democracy

Author : Daniel Ziblatt
ISBN : 9781108298599
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85.57 MB
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How do democracies form and what makes them die? Daniel Ziblatt revisits this timely and classic question in a wide-ranging historical narrative that traces the evolution of modern political democracy in Europe from its modest beginnings in 1830s Britain to Adolf Hitler's 1933 seizure of power in Weimar Germany. Based on rich historical and quantitative evidence, the book offers a major reinterpretation of European history and the question of how stable political democracy is achieved. The barriers to inclusive political rule, Ziblatt finds, were not inevitably overcome by unstoppable tides of socioeconomic change, a simple triumph of a growing middle class, or even by working class collective action. Instead, political democracy's fate surprisingly hinged on how conservative political parties – the historical defenders of power, wealth, and privilege – recast themselves and coped with the rise of their own radical right. With striking modern parallels, the book has vital implications for today's new and old democracies under siege.
Category: Political Science

Conservative Parties And Right Wing Politics In North America

Author : Rainer-Olaf Schultze
ISBN : 9783663095088
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55.92 MB
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The thirteen papers assembled in this volume offer a comparative perspective on the state of conservative and right-wing populist parties in the North American democraties. They deal with: Ideological and Value Change in the North American Mass Publics, Conservative Ideology and Party Programmes, The Changing Landskape of the Two Party Systems, The Public Policies of Conservative and Neo-Liberal Governments in North America
Category: Political Science

Political Parties Growth And Equality

Author : Carles Boix
ISBN : 0521585953
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 26.59 MB
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Given the increased openness of countries to international trade and financial flows, the general public and the scholarly literature have grown skeptical about the capacity of policy-makers to affect economic performance. Challenging this view, Political Parties, Growth, and Equality shows that the increasingly interdependent world economy and recent technological shocks have actually exacerbated the dilemmas faced by governments in choosing among various policy objectives, such as generating jobs and reducing income inequality, thereby granting political parties and electoral politics a fundamental and growing role in the economy. To make growth and equality compatible, social democrats employ the public sector to raise the productivity of capital and labor. By contrast, conservatives rely on the private provision of investment. Based on analysis of the economic policies of all OECD countries since the 1960s and in-depth examination of Britain and Spain in the 1980s, this book offers a new understanding of how contemporary democracies work.
Category: Political Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Historical Institutionalism

Author : Orfeo Fioretos
ISBN : 9780191639845
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58.88 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Historical Institutionalism offers an authoritative and accessible state-of-the-art analysis of the historical institutionalism research tradition in Political Science. Devoted to the study of how temporal processes and events influence the origin and transformation of institutions that govern political and economic relations, historical institutionalism has grown considerably in the last two decades. With its attention to past, present, and potential future contributions to the research tradition, the volume represents an essential reference point for those interested in historical institutionalism. Written in accessible style by leading scholars, thirty-eight chapters detail the contributions of historical institutionalism to an expanding array of topics in the study of comparative, American, European, and international politics.
Category: Political Science

Legislator Success In Fragmented Congresses In Argentina

Author : Ernesto Calvo
ISBN : 9781107065130
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 34.42 MB
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Plurality-led Congresses are among the most pervasive and least studied phenomena in presidential systems around the world. Often conflated with divided government, where an organized opposition controls a majority of seats in congress, plurality-led congresses are characterized by a party with fewer than 50 percent of the seats still in control of the legislative gates. Extensive gatekeeping authority without plenary majorities, this book shows, leads to policy outcomes that are substantially different from those observed in majority-led congresses. Through detailed analyses of legislative success in Argentina and Uruguay, this book explores the determinants of law enactment in fragmented congresses. It describes in detail how the lack of majority support explains legislative success in standing committees, the chamber directorate, and the plenary floor.
Category: Political Science

Handbook Of Latin American Studies Vol 61

Author : Lawrence Boudon
ISBN : 029271257X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26.75 MB
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"The one source that sets reference collections on Latin American studies apart from all other geographic areas of the world.... The Handbook has provided scholars interested in Latin America with a bibliographical source of a quality unavailable to scholars in most other branches of area studies." —Latin American Research Review Beginning with volume 41 (1979), the University of Texas Press became the publisher of the Handbook of Latin American Studies, the most comprehensive annual bibliography in the field. Compiled by the Hispanic Division of the Library of Congress and annotated by a corps of more than 140 specialists in various disciplines, the Handbook alternates from year to year between social sciences and humanities. The Handbook annotates works on Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and the Guianas, Spanish South America, and Brazil, as well as materials covering Latin America as a whole. Most of the subsections are preceded by introductory essays that serve as biannual evaluations of the literature and research under way in specialized areas. The Handbook of Latin American Studies is the oldest continuing reference work in the field. Lawrence Boudon, of the Library of Congress Hispanic Division, has been the editor since 2000, and Katherine D. McCann has been assistant editor since 1999. The subject categories for Volume 61 are as follows: AnthropologyEconomicsGeographyGovernment and PoliticsPolitical EconomyInternational RelationsSociology
Category: Social Science

Boundary Control

Author : Edward L. Gibson
ISBN : 9781139851015
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 20.11 MB
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The democratization of a national government is only a first step in diffusing democracy throughout a country's territory. Even after a national government is democratized, subnational authoritarian 'enclaves' often continue to deny rights to citizens of local jurisdictions. Gibson offers new theoretical perspectives for the study of democratization in his exploration of this phenomenon. His theory of 'boundary control' captures the conflict pattern between incumbents and oppositions when a national democratic government exists alongside authoritarian provinces (or 'states'). He also reveals how federalism and the territorial organization of countries shape how subnational authoritarian regimes are built and how they unravel. Through a novel comparison of the late nineteenth-century American 'Solid South' with contemporary experiences in Argentina and Mexico, Gibson reveals that the mechanisms of boundary control are reproduced across countries and historical periods. As long as subnational authoritarian governments coexist with national democratic governments, boundary control will be at play.
Category: Political Science

Christian Democracy In Latin America

Author : Scott Mainwaring
ISBN : 0804745986
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88.90 MB
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Christian Democracy swept across parts of Latin America, gaining influence in Venezuela in the 1940s, Chile in the 1950s, El Salvador and Guatemala in the 1960s, and Costa Rica and Mexico in the 1980s. This book offers an overview of Christian Democracy in the region— underscoring its remarkable diversity—and examines the Christian Democratic organizations of Chile and Mexico, which are still major parties today. The concluding section analyzes the demise of formerly significant Christian Democratic parties in El Salvador, Guatemala, Peru, and Venezuela. Christian Democracy in Latin America provides the definitive stufy of the nature, rise, and decline of Christian Democracy in Latin America. The book enriches the broader theoretical literature on political parties by highlighting the distinctive strategic dilemmas parties face, and the distinctive objectives they pursue, in contexts of fragile democracy or of authoritarian regimes.
Category: Political Science

Citizens And Community

Author : Allan Kornberg
ISBN : 0521416787
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40.31 MB
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This 1992 book addresses political legitimacy and system support in one democracy, Canada.
Category: Political Science

W Hlerwandel Und Wechselwahl

Author : Harald Schoen
ISBN : 9783322804785
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 66.64 MB
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In zahlreichen westlichen Demokratien erodieren langfristige Parteibindungen. Diesem Prozess werden gravierende Folgen für das politische Geschehen zugeschrieben. Der vorliegende Band geht der Frage nach, inwieweit ein solches Dealignment die Wechselwahl verändert: Wechseln infolge dieses Prozesses zwangsläufig mehr Wähler die Partei? Werden die Wechselwähler politisch zusehends kompetenter? Die international vergleichende Analyse am Beispiel der USA, Großbritanniens und der Bundesrepublik Deutschland zeigt, dass die politische Kompetenz der Wechselwähler - verglichen mit jener der Stammwähler - unverändert bleibt. Die Wechselrate steigt in den beiden europäischen Demokratien etwas an, nicht jedoch in den USA. Ein Dealignment verändert somit nicht zwangsläufig, sondern nur unter bestimmten Bedingungen das Wechselwahlverhalten. Die verbreiteten Vermutungen über zwangsläufige Folgen eines Dealignments scheitern, da sie von zu einfachen Annahmen über das individuelle Wahlverhalten ausgehen.
Category: Political Science