Coming Out Under Fire

Author : Allan Bérubé
ISBN : 080789964X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66.66 MB
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During World War II, as the United States called on its citizens to serve in unprecedented numbers, the presence of gay Americans in the armed forces increasingly conflicted with the expanding antihomosexual policies and procedures of the military. In Coming Out Under Fire, Allan Berube examines in depth and detail these social and political confrontation--not as a story of how the military victimized homosexuals, but as a story of how a dynamic power relationship developed between gay citizens and their government, transforming them both. Drawing on GIs' wartime letters, extensive interviews with gay veterans, and declassified military documents, Berube thoughtfully constructs a startling history of the two wars gay military men and women fough--one for America and another as homosexuals within the military. Berube's book, the inspiration for the 1995 Peabody Award-winning documentary film of the same name, has become a classic since it was published in 1990, just three years prior to the controversial "don't ask, don't tell" policy, which has continued to serve as an uneasy compromise between gays and the military. With a new foreword by historians John D'Emilio and Estelle B. Freedman, this book remains a valuable contribution to the history of World War II, as well as to the ongoing debate regarding the role of gays in the U.S. military.
Category: Social Science

Ask And Tell

Author : Steve Estes
ISBN : 0807889857
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 90.80 MB
Format : PDF
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Don't Ask, Don't Tell" was the directive of President Clinton's 1993 military policy regarding gay and lesbian soldiers. This official silence continued a collective amnesia about the patriotic service and courageous sacrifices of homosexual troops. Ask and Tell recovers these lost voices, offering a rich chronicle of the history of gay and lesbian service in the U.S. military from World War II to the Iraq War. Drawing on more than 50 interviews with gay and lesbian veterans, Steve Estes charts the evolution of policy toward homosexuals in the military over the past 65 years, uncovering the ways that silence about sexuality and military service has affected the identities of gay veterans. These veteran voices--harrowing, heroic, and on the record--reveal the extraordinary stories of ordinary Americans, men and women who simply did their duty and served their country in the face of homophobia, prejudice, and enemy fire. Far from undermining national security, unit cohesion, or troop morale, Estes demonstrates, these veterans strengthened the U.S. military in times of war and peace. He also examines challenges to the ban on homosexual service, placing them in the context of the wider movement for gay rights and gay liberation. Ask and Tell is an important compilation of unheard voices, offering Americans a new understanding of the value of all the men and women who serve and protect them.
Category: Social Science

Thanks For The Memories

Author : Jane Mersky Leder
ISBN : 0275988791
Genre : History
File Size : 38.31 MB
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The collective consciousness of World War II revolved around the virtues of bravery, sacrifice, and commitment. Members of the Greatest Generation toed political and social lines in hopes of winning the war. They fell into lockstep, not asking many questions and breaking few social and sexual mores. Or did they? In fact, World War II, like all wars, was an era of sexual experimentation and a general loosening of morals. During this time of conflicting emotions and messages, of great sacrifice, and of discovery, some groups, especially women, experienced a relaxing of bonds that had kept them in check. "Thanks for the Memories: Love, Sex, and World War II" is the true story of how that generation responded to the fervor of war and how those passions changed their livesand the relationships between the sexesforever. But this book is more than that. As Jane Mersky Leder writes, "Thanks for the Memories" opens the hearts and memories of a generation that is dying, by one estimate, at the rate of more than 1,000 a day. It not only exposes the Greatest Generation s sexual and romantic escapades, it underscores how those four war years revolutionized relationships (including those between gays) and helped set the stage for the second wave of the women s liberation movement. Many who never thought their stories mattered, Leder writes, now feel the pull of limited time, and the importance of leaving an accurate account for their children and grandchildren of what it was like to be a young man or young woman during World War II. This is their collective story. "
Category: History

Quell Der Einsamkeit

Author : Radclyffe Hall
ISBN : 9783944576657
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 74.72 MB
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»Quell der Einsamkeit« erzählt die Geschichte von Stephen Gordon, einer Frau aus der britischen Oberschicht, die eigentlich ein Sohn hätte werden sollen. Von Kind an hat Stephen das Gefühl, dass mit ihr etwas nicht stimmt - dass sie anders ist: Sie trägt gern Männerkleidung, begeistert sich für Fuchsjagd und Fechtkunst und verliebt sich von früher Jugend an in Frauen - zunächst in das Hausmädchen Collins, später in die mondäne Angela Crossby, deren eifersüchtigen Ehemann Stephen durch ihre Bewunderung seiner Rosenzucht zu beschwichtigen sucht. Als Krankenwagenfahrerin im Ersten Weltkrieg lernt Stephen schließlich Mary Llewellyn kennen und lieben. Die beiden Frauen gehen in den zwanziger Jahren nach Paris, schaffen sich zusammen ein Heim und schließen Freundschaften, doch ihr gemeinsames Glück ist massivem gesellschaftlichen Druck ausgesetzt ... »Quell der Einsamkeit« ist ein bis heute faszinierender historischer Roman und kann als ein Vorläufer von Leslie Feinbergs »Stone Butch Blues« gelten. Er löste Debatten über Sexualität, Homosexualität und Geschlechterrollen aus, die noch immer andauern.
Category: Fiction

Rebecca

Author : Daphne du Maurier
ISBN : 9783458744825
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 35.95 MB
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In einem Hotel an der Côte d’Azur lernt Maxim de Winter eine junge Frau aus einfachen Verhältnissen kennen. Die beiden verlieben sich, und schon nach kurzer Zeit nimmt sie seinen Heiratsantrag an und folgt dem Witwer nach Cornwall auf seinen prachtvollen Landsitz Manderley. Doch das Glück der Frischvermählten währt nicht lange: Der Geist von Maxims toter Ehefrau Rebecca ist allgegenwärtig, und die ihr ergebene Haushälterin macht der neuen Herrin das Leben zur Hölle, sie droht nicht nur die Liebe des Paares zu zerstören. Als ein Jahr später plötzlich doch noch Rebeccas Leiche gefunden wird, gerät Maxim de Winter unter Mordverdacht ... Rebecca, Daphne du Mauriers berühmtester Roman, war bereits bei seinem Erscheinen 1938 ein Bestseller. Er wurde mehrfach verfilmt: 1940 entstand unter der Regie von Alfred Hitchcock die bekannteste Adaption, die mit zwei Oscars prämiert wurde.
Category: Fiction

My Desire For History

Author : Allan Bérubé
ISBN : 9780807877982
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 84.89 MB
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This anthology pays tribute to Allan Berube (1946-2007), a self-taught historian and MacArthur Fellow who was a pioneer in the study of lesbian and gay history in the United States. Best known for his Lambda Literary Award-winning book Coming Out Under Fire: The History of Gay Men and Women in World War II (1990), Berube also wrote extensively on the history of sexual politics in San Francisco and on the relationship between sexuality, class, and race. John D'Emilio and Estelle Freedman, who were close colleagues and friends of Berube, have selected sixteen of his most important essays, including hard-to-access articles and unpublished writing. The book provides a retrospective on Berube's life and work while it documents the emergence of a grassroots lesbian and gay community history movement in the 1970s and 1980s. Taken together, the essays attest to the power of history to mobilize individuals and communities to create social change.
Category: Social Science

Soldiers To Citizens

Author : Suzanne Mettler
ISBN : 9780199887095
Genre : History
File Size : 44.19 MB
Format : PDF
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"A hell of a gift, an opportunity." "Magnanimous." "One of the greatest advantages I ever experienced." These are the voices of World War II veterans, lavishing praise on their beloved G.I. Bill. Transcending boundaries of class and race, the Bill enabled a sizable portion of the hallowed "greatest generation" to gain vocational training or to attend college or graduate school at government expense. Its beneficiaries had grown up during the Depression, living in tenements and cold-water flats, on farms and in small towns across the nation, most of them expecting that they would one day work in the same kinds of jobs as their fathers. Then the G.I. Bill came along, and changed everything. They experienced its provisions as inclusive, fair, and tremendously effective in providing the deeply held American value of social opportunity, the chance to improve one's circumstances. They become chefs and custom builders, teachers and electricians, engineers and college professors. But the G.I. Bill fueled not only the development of the middle class: it also revitalized American democracy. Americans who came of age during World War II joined fraternal groups and neighborhood and community organizations and took part in politics at rates that made the postwar era the twentieth century's civic "golden age." Drawing on extensive interviews and surveys with hundreds of members of the "greatest generation," Suzanne Mettler finds that by treating veterans as first-class citizens and in granting advanced education, the Bill inspired them to become the active participants thanks to whom memberships in civic organizations soared and levels of political activity peaked. Mettler probes how this landmark law produced such a civic renaissance. Most fundamentally, she discovers, it communicated to veterans that government was for and about people like them, and they responded in turn. In our current age of rising inequality and declining civic engagement, Soldiers to Citizens offers critical lessons about how public programs can make a difference.
Category: History

The Legalist Reformation

Author : William E. Nelson
ISBN : 9780807875568
Genre : Law
File Size : 76.75 MB
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Based on a detailed examination of New York case law, this pathbreaking book shows how law, politics, and ideology in the state changed in tandem between 1920 and 1980. Early twentieth-century New York was the scene of intense struggle between white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant upper and middle classes located primarily in the upstate region and the impoverished, mainly Jewish and Roman Catholic, immigrant underclass centered in New York City. Beginning in the 1920s, however, judges such as Benjamin N. Cardozo, Henry J. Friendly, Learned Hand, and Harlan Fiske Stone used law to facilitate the entry of the underclass into the economic and social mainstream and to promote tolerance among all New Yorkers. Ultimately, says William Nelson, a new legal ideology was created. By the late 1930s, New Yorkers had begun to reconceptualize social conflict not along class lines but in terms of the power of majorities and the rights of minorities. In the process, they constructed a new approach to law and politics. Though doctrinal change began to slow by the 1960s, the main ambitions of the legalist reformation--liberty, equality, human dignity, and entrepreneurial opportunity--remain the aspirations of nearly all Americans, and of much of the rest of the world, today.
Category: Law

Sodomy And The Pirate Tradition

Author : B. R. Burg
ISBN : 0814712355
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 39.35 MB
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Pirates are among the most heavily romanticized and fabled characters in history. From Bluebeard to Captain Hook, they have been the subject of countless movies, books, children's tales, even a world-famous amusement park ride. In Sodomy and the Pirate Tradition, historian B. R. Burg investigates the social and sexual world of these sea rovers, a tightly bound brotherhood of men engaged in almost constant warfare. What, he asks, did these men, often on the high seas for years at a time, do for sexual fulfillment? Buccaneer sexuality differed widely from that of other all- male institutions such as prisons, for it existed not within a regimented structure of rule, regulations, and oppressive supervision, but instead operated in a society in which widespread toleration of homosexuality was the norm and conditions encouraged its practice. In his new introduction, Burg discusses the initial response to the book when it was published in 1983 and how our perspectives on all-male societies have since changed.
Category: Health & Fitness