CAVE EXPLORATIONS IN MISSOURI INDIANA ILLINOIS KENTUCKY TENNESSEE AND ALABAMA

Download Cave Explorations In Missouri Indiana Illinois Kentucky Tennessee And Alabama ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to CAVE EXPLORATIONS IN MISSOURI INDIANA ILLINOIS KENTUCKY TENNESSEE AND ALABAMA book pdf for free now.

Cave Explorations In Missouri Indiana Illinois Kentucky Tennessee And Alabama

Author : Gerard Fowke
ISBN : 1940777062
Genre : Caves
File Size : 79.63 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 933
Read : 950

In "Cave Explorations in Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama," Gerard Fowke, the famed American archaeologist and geologist, gives detailed accounts of the archaeological and geological histories of more than 180 caves throughout the American Midwest and South. Through in-depth descriptions and over 90 illustrations, Fowke provides readers with a look into the formation of these caves and the early people who inhabited them. This book is an excellent companion to "Caves of Missouri" by J. Harlen Bretz.
Category: Caves

The Mound Builders

Author : Henry Shetrone
ISBN : 9780817350864
Genre : History
File Size : 82.83 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 322
Read : 330

A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication A classic resource on early knowledge of prehistoric mounds and the peoples who constructed them in the eastern United States. With this accessible volume, Henry Clyde Shetrone made available to general readers the archaeological research data and conclusions concerning the ancient mounds and earthworks that dot the landscape of eastern North America. Dismissing popularly held theories of mysterious giants who built these structures, he explained that their purposes were defensive and ceremonial, that they had been used for habitation, burial, and worship. Their builders were antecedents of the native peoples of present-day America and had been skilled artisans and engineers with successful agricultural practices and structured leadership. Twenty chapters discuss aspects of mound-builder cultures: quarrying of flint and obsidian for knapping into points; mining of copper and iron and its fashioning into tools and ceremonial objects; spinning and weaving materials and methods; smoking customs; carving of calumets and their use in ceremony; freshwater pearls and other items for body ornamentation; and the use of stone burial vaults, cremation basins, and concepts of an afterlife. Data is presented from excavations ranging broadly from Massachusetts to Florida and from Texas to North Dakota. As Bradley Lepper points out in his new introduction, "The Mound-Builders is a testament to Shetrone's success at working towards 'correlation and systematization' of data, as well as public education. . . . Shetrone was no armchair popularizer. His work was based on years of excavation and first-hand familiarity with much of the data. His popularizations [still] echo with the ring of the shovel and trowel in gravelly soil."
Category: History

The Changing Earth Exploring Geology And Evolution

Author : James Monroe
ISBN : 9781285733418
Genre : Science
File Size : 60.58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 647
Read : 160

THE CHANGING EARTH: EXPLORING GEOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, Seventh Edition, is a member of a rare breed of texts written specifically for courses covering both physical and historical geology. Three interrelated themes (plate tectonics, organic evolution, and geologic time) help students understand that Earth is a complex, integrated, and continually changing system. In the new edition authors James S. Monroe and Reed Wicander integrate new content emphasizing the economic impacts of geology. Topics such as fracking, nuclear waste, and the threat of earthquakes are covered in new Geo-Impact boxes that stress real-world applications. Lauded for their clear writing style, the authors go beyond simply explaining geology and its processes; rather, they place that knowledge within the context of human experience by consistently emphasizing relevance, resources, and the environment. New Global Geoscience Watch activities help students learn how to use an extensive database of articles on geology that are updated several times a day and are available exclusively for users of this book. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Category: Science

Sacred Darkness

Author : Holley Moyes
ISBN : 9781607321781
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 37.92 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 490
Read : 1297

Caves have been used in various ways across human society, but despite the persistence within popular culture of the iconic caveman, deep caves were never used primarily as habitation sites for early humans. Rather, in both ancient and contemporary contexts, caves have served primarily as ritual spaces. In Sacred Darkness, contributors use archaeological evidence as well as ethnographic studies of modern ritual practices to envision the cave as place of spiritual and ideological power that emerges as a potent venue for ritual practice. Covering the ritual use of caves in Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, Mesoamerica, and the US Southwest and Eastern woodlands, this book brings together case studies by prominent scholars whose research spans from the Paleolithic period to the present day. These contributions demonstrate that cave sites are as fruitful as surface contexts in promoting the understanding of both ancient and modern religious beliefs and practices. This state-of-the-art survey of ritual cave use will be one of the most valuable resources for understanding the role of caves in studies of religion, sacred landscape, or cosmology and a must-read for any archaeologist interested in caves.
Category: Social Science

Dk Eyewitness Travel Guide Usa

Author : DK
ISBN : 9781465438348
Genre : Travel
File Size : 83.87 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 456
Read : 610

The DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: USA is your indispensable guide to this extraordinary and vast country. The fully updated guide includes unique cutaways, floor plans and reconstructions of the must-see sites, plus street-by-street maps of all the fascinating cities and towns. Now available in PDF format. The uniquely visual DK Eyewitness Travel Guide will help you to discover everything region-by-region, from local festivals and markets to day trips around the countryside. Detailed listings will guide you to the best hotels, restaurants, bars, and shops for all budgets, whilst detailed practical information will help you to get around, whether by train, bus, or car. Plus, DK's excellent insider tips and essential local information will help you explore every corner of the USA effortlessly.
Category: Travel

Physical Geology

Author : James Stewart Monroe
ISBN : UOM:39076001855340
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.64 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 690
Read : 635

Category: Science

The American Pioneer

Author : John S. Williams
ISBN : OSU:32435020029377
Genre : Indians of North America
File Size : 22.90 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 686
Read : 1225

Category: Indians of North America

A Field Manual For The Amateur Geologist

Author : Alan M. Cvancara
ISBN : 047104430X
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 59.62 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 328
Read : 893

Praise for the first edition . . . "A must-have volume for rock and fossil collectors, naturalists, and travelers . . . ideal for the nature enthusiast with little or no background in geology." -Earth "Cvancara's Field Manual is the book for which I have been waiting for many years!" This fascinating guide is an important resource you'll want to have with you on any outdoor vacation, nature walk, or rock hunting expedition. A Field Manual for the Amateur Geologist not only describes the science of geology, but also shows you how to do geology in the field. This book introduces the geologist's core concepts, tools, and techniques and requires no prior training in geology. Beginners will learn to identify landforms, minerals, rocks, and fossils and experience, firsthand, all the excitement of geological discovery. More experienced "rockhounds" will find a wealth of useful information as well, including: * Easy-to-use mineral keys and landform keys * Unique chapters on the geologist's approach, exploring the geology of North American national parks, sleuthing stones, and prospecting for gold * Over 200 photographs and drawings * Lists of geological museums, geological surveys, and other resources Whether you are an amateur geologist, fossil hunter, naturalist, or simply a traveler with an inquiring mind, this handy field manual is sure to become a constant companion on your explorations of our planet.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Stone Age Spear And Arrow Points Of The Midcontinental And Eastern United States

Author : Noel D. Justice
ISBN : 0253209854
Genre : History
File Size : 25.63 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 100
Read : 652

"This is an important new reference work for the professional archaeologist as well as the student and collector." —Central States Archaeological Journal "Justice... admirably synthesizes the scientific information integrating it with the popular approach. The result is a publication that readers on both sides of the spectrum should enjoy as well as comprehend." —Choice "... an indispensable guide to the literature. Attractive layout, design, and printing accent the useful text.... it should remain the standard reference on point typology of the midwest and eastern United States for many years to come." —Pennsylvania Archaeologist Archaeologists and amateur collectors alike will rejoice at this important reference work that surveys, describes, and categorizes the projectile points and cutting tools used in prehistory by the Indians in what are now the middle and eastern sections of the United States, from 12,000 B.C. to the beginning of the historic period. Mr. Justice describes over 120 separate types of stone arrowheads and spear points according to period, culture, and region. His detailed drawings show how Native Americans shaped their tools, what styles were peculiar to which regions, and how the various types can best be identified. There are over 485 drawings organized by type cluster and other identifying characteristics. The work also includes distribution maps and 111 examples in color.
Category: History