Cannibalism In The Linear Pottery Culture

Author : Bruno Boulestin
ISBN : 1784912131
Genre :
File Size : 64.94 MB
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The Herxheim enclosure, located in the German region of Palatinate, is one of the major discoveries of the last two decades regarding the Linear Pottery Culture, and probably one of the most significant in advancing understanding of how this culture ended. The spectacular deposits, mostly composed of human remains, recovered on the occasion of the two excavation campaigns carried out on the site, grabbed people's attention and at the same time raised several questions regarding their interpretation, which had so far mostly hesitated between peculiar funerary practices, war and cannibalism. The authors provide here the first extensive study of the human remains found at Herxheim, focusing mainly on those recovered during the 2005-2010 excavation campaign. They first examine the field data in order to reconstruct at best the modalities of deposition of these remains. Next, from the quantitative analyses and those of the bone modifications, they describe the treatments of the dead, showing that they actually were the victims of cannibalistic practices. The nature of this cannibalism is then discussed on the basis of biological, palaeodemographic and isotopic studies, and concludes that an exocannibalism existed linked to armed violence. Finally, the human remains are placed in both their local and chronocultural contexts, and a general interpretation is proposed of the events that unfolded in Herxheim and of the reasons for the social crisis at the end of the Linear Pottery culture in which they took place.

Mitteleuropa Im 5 Jahrtausend Vor Christus

Author : Ralf Gleser
ISBN : 9783643112798
Genre : Europe, Central
File Size : 43.50 MB
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M Jahre 2010 jährte sich zum 120sten Mal der Abschluss der ersten Ausgrabungen im jungsteinzeitlichen Gräberfeld von Rössen bei Leuna im Saalekreis. Die Inventare dieser Nekropole haben seither eine prominente Rolle gespielt in der Diskussion um die zeitliche Einordnung der mit Rössen vergleichbaren Fundkomplexe und ihrer kulturhistorischen Deutung. Die Beiträge des vorliegenden Konferenzbandes verfolgen das Ziel, neue Erkenntnisse zum 5. Jahrtausend in Mitteleuropa unter Einbeziehung vor allem auch naturwissenschaftlicher Expertisen aufzuzeigen. Er setzt dadurch neue Akzente zum Verständnis der facettenreichen Kulturgeschichte dieses auch für spätere Entwicklungen wichtigen und forschungsgeschichtlich bedeutsamen "kurzen" Jahrtausends der frühen mitteleuropäischen Urgeschichte mit neuen Ansätzen gesellschaftlicher Differenzierung zwischen dem Ausklang der ersten agrarischen Kulturen mit Bandkeramik am Ende des 6. Jahrtausends und dem Beginn der Megalithen errichtenden Trichterbecherkulturen zu Beginn des 4. Jahrtausends.
Category: Europe, Central

Wie H Ltst Du S Mit Dem Tod

Author : Helmwart Hierdeis
ISBN : 9783647402437
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71.33 MB
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Die Konfrontation mit dem nahenden Lebensende von Patienten, ihren Todessehnsüchten, ihrer Selbstzerstörung, ihren Vernichtungswünschen gehört zu den eindringlichsten und manchmal verstörenden Erfahrungen von Analytikerinnen und Analytikern. Dem Thema Tod wird sowohl in der psychoanalytischen Theorie als auch in der Aus- und Weiterbildung zu wenig Aufmerksamkeit geschenkt. Dabei kann der therapeutische Prozess mit Patienten mit nicht verarbeiteten Trennungen, Angst vor der eigenen Auslöschung oder destruktiven Energien nur dann hilfreich sein, wenn ihr Behandler nicht selbst vor dem Thema flieht, sondern eine Integration in das Wissen über sich und sein analytisches Handeln anstrebt. Die zu dieser schwierigen Fragestellung sich äußernden Autorinnen und Autoren zeigen beispielhaft auf je eigene Weise, gestützt auf zahlreiche Fallbeispiele mit Kindern, Jugendlichen und Erwachsenen und ihren unterschiedlichsten Problemsituationen, wie sich theoretisches Wissen über Sterben und Tod mit Lebens- und Therapieerfahrung auf eine Weise so verknüpfen lässt, dass auch ihre Patientinnen und Patienten spüren können: Da ist jemand, der weiß, wovon ich spreche.
Category: Psychology

Are We Still Human

Author : Emelle Tuesday
ISBN : 9781783018147
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.62 MB
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Civilization has changed so much about how we live as a species, can we still say we are human? What does it even mean to be human? How did we arrive where we are now with such a massive, precariously unnatural, global civilization? And is there anyway out of what looks like a terrifying future of environmental destruction, collapse and chaos? The simplicity of the answer may surprise you and give you real hope that you have some personal power to change it, now. "Here's one author who can't be accused of not going deep enough!" Bill McKibben, author Eaarth: Making a Life on a Tough New Planet.
Category: Social Science

Ember Of Ashes

Author : Tom Watson
ISBN : 9781387210299
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 36.45 MB
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Ember and Brig'dha prepare for a journey to the ancient city of Yarehk (Jericho) to deliver a prized copper knife. Far to the East on the shores of the Indus River, a river priestess hides her young daughter and flees persecution from her own people who blame her for the drought which afflicts them. She is relentlessly pursued by four hunters sent to capture her for sacrifice! Set in the early Neolithic period, 5496 BCE, Ember of Ashes follows the continuing adventures of Ember and her wife Brig'dha as they journey across the known world. They will visit the prehistoric Middle East, cross the Arabian desert, befriend cannibals, see the famous city of Catalhoyuk and even visit the mighty Indus River as they fight to save the life of a young girl from the fate of the gods.
Category: Fiction

Death Embodied

Author : Zoë L. Devlin
ISBN : 9781782979449
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 52.63 MB
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In April 1485, a marble sarcophagus was found on the outskirts of Rome. It contained the remains of a young Roman woman so well-preserved that she appeared to have only just died and the sarcophagus was placed on public view, attracting great crowds. Such a find reminds us of the power of the dead body to evoke in the minds of living people, be they contemporary (survivors or mourners) or distanced from the remains by time, a range of emotions and physical responses, ranging from fascination to fear, and from curiosity to disgust. Archaeological interpretations of burial remains can often suggest that the skeletons which we uncover, and therefore usually associate with past funerary practices, were what was actually deposited in graves, rather than articulated corpses. The choices made by past communities or individuals about how to cope with a dead body in all of its dynamic and constituent forms, and whether there was reason to treat it in a manner that singled it out (positively or negatively) as different from other human corpses, provide the stimulus for this volume. The nine papers provide a series of theoretically informed, but not constrained, case studies which focus predominantly on the corporeal body in death. The aims are to take account of the active presence of dynamic material bodies at the heart of funerary events and to explore the questions that might be asked about their treatment; to explore ways of putting fleshed bodies back into our discussions of burials and mortuary treatment, as well as interpreting the meaning of these activities in relation to the bodies of both deceased and survivors; and to combine the insights that body-centered analysis can produce to contribute to a more nuanced understanding of the role of the body, living and dead, in past cultures.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Culture And Psychology

Author : Jaan Valsiner
ISBN : 9780195396430
Genre : Medical
File Size : 29.61 MB
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Now in paperback, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is an internationally representative overview of the state of the art in cultural psychology.
Category: Medical

Warfare In Neolithic Europe

Author : Julian Maxwell Heath
ISBN : 9781473879874
Genre : History
File Size : 37.10 MB
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The Neolithic ('New Stone Age') marks the time when the prehistoric communities of Europe turned their backs on the hunter-gatherer lifestyle that they had followed for many thousands of years, and instead, became farmers. The significance of this switch from a lifestyle that had been based on the hunting and gathering of wild food resources, to one that involved the growing of crops and raising livestock, cannot be underestimated. Although it was a complex process that varied from place to place, there can be little doubt that it was during the Neolithic that the foundations for the incredibly complex modern societies in which we live today were laid. However, we would be wrong to think that the first farming communities of Europe were in tune with nature and each other, as there is a considerable (and growing) body of archaeological data that is indicative of episodes of warfare between these communities. This evidence should not be taken as proof that warfare was endemic across Neolithic Europe, but it does strongly suggest that it was more common than some scholars have proposed. Furthermore, the words of the seventeenth-century English philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, who famously described prehistoric life as 'nasty, brutish, and short', seem rather apt in light of some of the archaeological discoveries from the European Neolithic.
Category: History

The Routledge Handbook Of The Bioarchaeology Of Human Conflict

Author : Christopher Knüsel
ISBN : 9781134678044
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69.33 MB
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If human burials were our only window onto the past, what story would they tell? Skeletal injuries constitute the most direct and unambiguous evidence for violence in the past. Whereas weapons or defenses may simply be statements of prestige or status and written sources are characteristically biased and incomplete, human remains offer clear and unequivocal evidence of physical aggression reaching as far back as we have burials to examine. Warfare is often described as ‘senseless’ and as having no place in society. Consequently, its place in social relations and societal change remains obscure. The studies in The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict present an overview of the nature and development of human conflict from prehistory to recent times as evidenced by the remains of past people themselves in order to explore the social contexts in which such injuries were inflicted. A broadly chronological approach is taken from prehistory through to recent conflicts, however this book is not simply a catalogue of injuries illustrating weapon development or a narrative detailing ‘progress’ in warfare but rather provides a framework in which to explore both continuity and change based on a range of important themes which hold continuing relevance throughout human development.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Neolithic Europe

Author : Chris Fowler
ISBN : 9780191666889
Genre : History
File Size : 66.53 MB
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The Neolithic - a period in which the first sedentary agrarian communities were established across much of Europe - has been a key topic of archaeological research for over a century. However, the variety of evidence across Europe and the way research traditions in different countries (and languages) have developed makes it very difficult for both students and specialists to gain an overview of continent-wide trends. The Oxford Handbook of Neolithic Europe provides the first comprehensive, geographically extensive, thematic overview of the European Neolithic - from Iberia to Russia and from Norway to Malta - offering both a general introduction and a clear exploration of key issues and current debates surrounding evidence and interpretation. Chapters written by leading experts in the field examine topics such as the movement of plants, animals, ideas, and people (including recent trends in the application of genetics and isotope analyses); cultural change (from the first farming to the first metal artefacts); domestic architecture; subsistence; material culture; monuments; and burial and other treatments of the dead. In doing so, the volume also considers the history of research and sets out agendas and themes for future work in the field.
Category: History