Birth On The Threshold

Author : Cecilia Van Hollen
ISBN : 9780520935396
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54.47 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 144
Read : 159

Even childbirth is affected by globalization—and in India, as elsewhere, the trend is away from home births, assisted by midwives, toward hospital births with increasing reliance on new technologies. And yet, as this work of critical feminist ethnography clearly demonstrates, the global spread of biomedical models of childbirth has not brought forth one monolithic form of "modern birth." Focusing on the birth experiences of lower-class women in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, Birth on the Threshold reveals the complex and unique ways in which modernity emerges in local contexts. Through vivid description and animated dialogue, this book conveys the birth stories of the women of Tamil Nadu in their own voices, emphasizing their critiques of and aspirations for modern births today. In light of these stories, author Cecilia Van Hollen explores larger questions about how the structures of colonialism and postcolonial international and national development have helped to shape the form and meaning of birth for Indian women today. Ultimately, her book poses the question: How is gender—especially maternity—reconfigured as birth is transformed?
Category: Social Science

Pregnancy Risk And Biopolitics

Author : Lorna Weir
ISBN : 9781134163557
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24.58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 414
Read : 469

Traditionally, Euroamerican cultures have considered that human status was conferred at the conclusion to childbirth. However, in contemporary Euroamerican biomedicine, law and politics, the living subject is often claimed to pre-exist birth. In this fascinating book Lorna Weir argues that the displacement of birth as the threshold of the living subject began in the 1950s with the novel concept of ‘perinatal mortality’ referring to death of either the foetus or the newborn just prior to, during or after birth. Weir’s book gives a new feminist approach to pregnancy in advanced modernity focusing on the governance of population. She traces the introduction of the perinatal threshold into child welfare and tort law through expert testimony on foetal risk, sketching the clash at law between the birth and perinatal thresholds of the living subject. Her book makes original empirical and theoretical contributions to the history of the present (Foucauldian research), feminism, and social studies of risk, and she conceptualizes a new historical focus for the history of the present: the threshold of the living subject. Calling attention to the significance of population politics, especially the reduction of infant mortality, for the unsettling of the birth threshold, this book argues that risk techniques are heterogeneous, contested with expertise, and plural in their political effects. Interview research with midwives shows their critical relation to using risk assessment in clinical practice. An original and accessible study, this book will be of great interest to students and researchers across many disciplines.
Category: Social Science

Arguments About Abortion

Author : Kate Greasley
ISBN : 9780191079399
Genre : Law
File Size : 85.27 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 500
Read : 1207

Does the morality of abortion depend on the moral status of the human fetus? Must the law of abortion presume an answer to the question of when personhood begins? Can a law which permits late abortion but not infanticide be morally justified? These are just some of the questions this book sets out to address. With an extended analysis of the moral and legal status of abortion, Kate Greasley offers an alternative account to the reputable arguments of Ronald Dworkin and Judith Jarvis Thomson and instead brings the philosophical notion of 'personhood' to the foreground of this debate. Structured in three parts, the book will (I) consider the relevance of prenatal personhood for the moral and legal evaluation of abortion; (II) trace the key features of the conventional debate about when personhood begins and explore the most prominent issues in abortion ethics literature: the human equality problem and the difference between abortion and infanticide; and (III) examine abortion law and regulation as well as the differing attitudes to selective abortion. The book concludes with a snapshot into the current controversy surrounding the scope of the right to conscientiously object to participation in abortion provision.
Category: Law

Classifications Of Countries Basedon Their Level Of Development

Author : Lynge Nielsen
ISBN : 9781455216857
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 46.41 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 710
Read : 235

The paper analyzes how the UNDP, the World Bank, and the IMF classify countries based on their level of development. These systems are found lacking in clarity with regard to their underlying rationale. The paper argues that a country classification system based on a transparent, data-driven methodology is preferable to one based on judgment or ad hoc rules. Such an alternative methodology is developed and used to construct classification systems using a variety of proxies for development attainment.
Category: Business & Economics

Cosmic Child

Author : Eve Olive
ISBN : 0980119030
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 67.13 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 499
Read : 467

Here is a book of poems and little stories that all have to do with a sense of awareness before birth-a new genre? Eurythmist Eve Olive offers us this remarkable treasury of verse and story that gives a view of life reaching beyond the usual boundaries. The writings stretch across the centuries, from Rumi and Wordsworth to contemporary poets both well known and less known, each with a unique view of this mysterious event that brings us into being. Here are voices-the voice of the mother, the voice of the father, the voice of the child-speaking forth in English and nine other languages about a journey experienced by all but remembered by few, translated and woven into a fascinating tapestry. The perfect gift for an expectant couple or a new grandparent, this reflective and inspiring anthology is truly a gift for all of us, who have shared the great experience of birth.
Category: Family & Relationships

Popular Religion And Liberation

Author : Michael R. Candelaria
ISBN : 9780791498422
Genre : Religion
File Size : 45.91 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 452
Read : 1310

Liberation theologians either argue for the liberating character of popular religion or they vilify it as alienating and otherworldly. This book takes a comprehensive and in- depth look at the issues, questions, and problems that emerge from the debate among liberation theologians in Latin America. The heart of the book consists of a comparative analysis of two prominent theologians, Juan Carlos Scannone from Argentina, and Juan Luis Segundo from Uruguay, who take opposite positions. Scannone sees popular religion as essentially liberating because it is from the people. Segundo disparages popular religion as a mass phenomenon incapable of revolutionary change and looks forward to its demise. Candelaria synthesizes these contrary positions into a new paradigm for examining the question of popular religion and liberation. On the basis of this synthesis, he formulates a principle for articulating the relationship between popular religion and liberation and with special reference to the situation of Hispanics in the United States.
Category: Religion

Radiation Hormesis And The Linear No Threshold Assumption

Author : Charles L. Sanders
ISBN : 3642037208
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76.76 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 951
Read : 758

Current radiation protection standards are based upon the application of the linear no-threshold (LNT) assumption, which considers that even very low doses of ionizing radiation can cause cancer. The radiation hormesis hypothesis, by contrast, proposes that low-dose ionizing radiation is beneficial. In this book, the author examines all facets of radiation hormesis in detail, including the history of the concept and mechanisms, and presents comprehensive, up-to-date reviews for major cancer types. It is explained how low-dose radiation can in fact decrease all-cause and all-cancer mortality and help to control metastatic cancer. Attention is also drawn to biases in epidemiological research when using the LNT assumption. The author shows how proponents of the LNT assumption consistently reject, manipulate, and deliberately ignore an overwhelming abundance of published data and falsely claim that no reliable data are available at doses of less than 100 mSv.
Category: Medical

Dna Computing And Molecular Programming

Author : Satoshi Murata
ISBN : 9783319112954
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81.2 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 438
Read : 558

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 20th International Conference on DNA Computing and Molecular Programming, DNA 20, held in Kyoto, Japan, in September 2014. The 10 full papers presented were carefully selected from 55 submissions. The papers are organized in many disciplines (including mathematics, computer science, physics, chemistry, material science and biology) to address the analysis, design, and synthesis of information-based molecular systems.
Category: Computers

Abortion Rights

Author : Kate Greasley
ISBN : 9781107170933
Genre : Law
File Size : 33.82 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 880
Read : 575

Presents critical and forcefully argued debate between two moral philosophers, setting out strong cases on both sides of the argument.
Category: Law

Calving Problems And Early Viability Of The Calf

Author : B. Hoffmann
ISBN : 9789400993150
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58.76 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 892
Read : 424

This publication contains the proceedings of a seminar held in Germany (Fed. Rep.) on May 4 -6, 1977, under the auspices of the Commission of the European Communities, as part of the EEC programme of co ordination of research on beef production. The programme was drawn up by a combined scientific working group on Genetics and Selection and on Nutrition and Management on behalf of the Beef Production Committee. The working group consisted of Professor Dr. Neimann S~rensen (Denmark, Chairman), Dr. Brolund Larsen (Denmark), Mr. Boccard (France), Dr. H. de Boer (Netherlands), Priv.-Doz. Dr. B. Hoffmann (Germany, Fed. Rep.), Professor Dr. H.J. Langholz (Germany, Fed. Rep.), Dr. J.W.B. King (UK), Mr. R. Jarrige (France), Mr. B. Vissac (France), Professor Dr. A. Romita (Italy), Professor Dr. E.P. Cunningham (Ireland), Mr. P. L'Hermite (CEC) and Dr. J.C. Tayler (Scientific Adviser to CEC). The subject chosen for this seminar was drawn from the list of priorities in research objectives drawn up in 1973 by members of a committee (now the Standing Committee on Agricultural Research, (~PRA). One of the functions of this series of seminars was to summarise and update the information available on the selected subjects and to discuss future needs for research, so as to assist the Commission in evaluating the probable impact of research on agri cultural production within the Community.
Category: Medical