ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONCEPTS TECHNIQUES AND TERMINOLOGY FOR AMERICAN PREHISTORIC LITHIC TECHNOLOGY

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Archaeological Concepts Techniques And Terminology For American Prehistoric Lithic Technology

Author : Wm Jack Hranicky
ISBN : 9781481751742
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Archaeological Concepts, Techniques, and Terminology for American Prehistory Lithic Technology by Wm Jack Hranicky is a 600-page comprehensive publication that encompasses the study of American prehistoric stone tools and implements. It is a look-up volume for studying the material culture of prehistoric people and using its concepts and methods for researching this aspect of archaeology. There are over 3000 entries which are defined and illustrated. It also has an extensive set of references and an overview for the study of stone tools.
Category: Social Science

North American Projectile Points

Author : Wm Jack Hranicky Rpa
ISBN : 1496972759
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.98 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This book is now in its sixth edition and covers the entire North American prehistory of projectile points, which are commonly called arrowheads. There are over 1,200 point types listed. Each listing contains point photographs, a brief description, where it is found, who named it, its general dates, distribution maps, and references. It is a basic lookup book for stone arrowheads. Also it contains an introduction, how to identify projectile points, and numerous other book examples that the reader may wish to consult. The points are listed in alphabetical order. The more common points are marked, which makes them easier to find. There are numerous photographs and drawings for these points. The book is a tremendous asset to professional archaeologists and collectors who are interested in stone tools. One of its major features is a list of most of the point types in the United States. This publication represents seventy-five years of point typing in the United States. It was written by a professional archaeologist with over forty years of investigating and studying lithic implements of Native America. The book has 800 pages, is black-and-white, is 8 1/2 by 11 inches, and has a soft cover.
Category: Science

Lithic Raw Material Variability And The Reduction Of Short Term Use Implements

Author : Harry Joseph Lerner
ISBN : UOM:39015070949220
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34.54 MB
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"Chipped stone tools are a truly dynamic medium of material culture. From initial reduction to contemporary excavation, lithic artifacts undergo continuous change. The role of the properties of raw materials in determining rates of use-wear accrual is poorly understood and has rarely been assessed quantitatively. This study offers such quantification regarding four materials exploited for the production of short-term use implements at the Late Archaic FA2-13 site located just outside the city of Farmington, New Mexico. Both experimental and archaeological use-wear evidence was assessed in separate but related ways. Digital image analysis of use-wear invasiveness using ClemexVision PE and GIS analysis of use-wear homogeneity using Idrisi Kilimanjaro yielded distinct but highly complementary results. Direct testing of material properties of non-archaeological samples using a Hysitron Triboindenter served to further clarify these findings in terms of the complex relationship between raw material surface hardness and roughness. The results of the present study show that there are significant differences between rates of wear accrual among the four materials. Analysis of tools from FA2-13 indicates that while scraping activities likely did predominate, it mayalso be feasible to generate more detailed assessments regarding the kinds of scraping activities that were undertaken and the respective intensities with which they were performed. This increased insight can then be extrapolated for application to long-term use technologies and their more complex life histories"--Publisher's web site.
Category: Social Science

Fractures In Knapping

Author : Are Tsirk
ISBN : 1784910228
Genre : Flintknapping
File Size : 64.10 MB
Format : PDF
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This book is for students and practitioners of not only knapping, lithic technology and archaeology, but also of fractography and fracture mechanics. At conferences on fractography of glasses and ceramics, the author has often been asked to demonstrate knapping as well as provide overviews of fractography learned from it. The first part of the book is intended to stimulate such interests further, in order to solicit contributions from a largely untapped pool of experts. Such contributions can advance significantly our understandings of knapping as well as fractography. In Part II of the book, fracture markings as the tools of fractography are introduced, with their formation, meaning and utility explained. Observations on the presence or absence of the markings in knapping are considered in Part III, along with a number of interpretations of fracture features.The basic principles and concepts of fracture mechanics and fractography apply to fractures produced in any cultural context. This volume therefore addresses most questions on fracture in a generic sense, independent of cultural contexts. In general, understanding of fractures provides a sounder basis for lithic analysis, and use of more recent scientific tools opens new avenues for lithic studies.
Category: Flintknapping

Lithics

Author : William Andrefsky, Jr
ISBN : 9781139448192
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 37.67 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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This book is a fully updated and revised edition of William Andrefsky Jr's ground-breaking manual on lithic analysis. Designed for students and professional archaeologists, this highly illustrated book explains the fundamental principles of the measurement, recording and analysis of stone tools and stone tool production debris. Introducing the reader to lithic raw materials, classification, terminology and key concepts, it comprehensively explores methods and techniques, presenting detailed case studies of lithic analysis from around the world. It examines new emerging techniques, such as the advances being made in lithic debitage analysis and lithic tool analysis, and includes a new section on stone tool functional studies. An extensive and expanded glossary makes this book an invaluable reference for archaeologists at all levels.
Category: Social Science

Archaeological Concepts For The Study Of The Cultural Past

Author : Alan P. Sullivan
ISBN : UCSC:32106019486650
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 28.1 MB
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An assembly of rhetoric on the tension between archaeology and cultural anthropology, the former often considered merely a sub-field of the latter, and an examination of the degree to which the relationship between the two studies may have actually inhibited archaeological investigations.
Category: Social Science