Archaeology Of Early Christianity In Vanuatu Terra Australis 44

Author : James L. Flexner
ISBN : 1760460745
Genre : Archaeology
File Size : 30.52 MB
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Religious change is at its core a material as much as a spiritual process. Beliefs related to intangible spirits, ghosts, or gods were enacted through material relationships between people, places, and objects. The archaeology of mission sites from Tanna and Erromango islands, southern Vanuatu (formerly the New Hebrides), offer an informative case study for understanding the material dimensions of religious change. One of the primary ways that cultural difference was thrown into relief in the Presbyterian New Hebrides missions was in the realm of objects. Christian Protestant missionaries believed that religious conversion had to be accompanied by changes in the material conditions of everyday life. Results of field archaeology and museum research on Tanna and Erromango, southern Vanuatu, show that the process of material transformation was not unidirectional. Just as Melanesian people changed religious beliefs and integrated some imported objects into everyday life, missionaries integrated local elements into their daily lives. Attempts to produce 'civilised Christian natives', or to change some elements of native life relating purely to 'religion' but not others, resulted instead in a proliferation of 'hybrid' forms. This is visible in the continuity of a variety of traditional practices subsumed under the umbrella term 'kastom' through to the present alongside Christianity. Melanesians didn't become Christian, Christianity became Melanesian. The material basis of religious change was integral to this process.
Category: Archaeology

An Archaeology Of Early Christianity In Vanuatu

Author : James L. Flexner
ISBN : 9781760460754
Genre : Religion
File Size : 32.19 MB
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Religious change is at its core a material as much as a spiritual process. Beliefs related to intangible spirits, ghosts, or gods were enacted through material relationships between people, places, and objects. The archaeology of mission sites from Tanna and Erromango islands, southern Vanuatu (formerly the New Hebrides), offer an informative case study for understanding the material dimensions of religious change. One of the primary ways that cultural difference was thrown into relief in the Presbyterian New Hebrides missions was in the realm of objects. Christian Protestant missionaries believed that religious conversion had to be accompanied by changes in the material conditions of everyday life. Results of field archaeology and museum research on Tanna and Erromango, southern Vanuatu, show that the process of material transformation was not unidirectional. Just as Melanesian people changed religious beliefs and integrated some imported objects into everyday life, missionaries integrated local elements into their daily lives. Attempts to produce ‘civilised Christian natives’, or to change some elements of native life relating purely to ‘religion’ but not others, resulted instead in a proliferation of ‘hybrid’ forms. This is visible in the continuity of a variety of traditional practices subsumed under the umbrella term ‘kastom’ through to the present alongside Christianity. Melanesians didn’t become Christian, Christianity became Melanesian. The material basis of religious change was integral to this process.
Category: Religion

New Perspectives In Southeast Asian And Pacific Prehistory

Author : Philip J. Piper
ISBN : 9781760460952
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71.7 MB
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‘This volume brings together a diversity of international scholars, unified in the theme of expanding scientific knowledge about humanity’s past in the Asia-Pacific region. The contents in total encompass a deep time range, concerning the origins and dispersals of anatomically modern humans, the lifestyles of Pleistocene and early Holocene Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers, the emergence of Neolithic farming communities, and the development of Iron Age societies. These core enduring issues continue to be explored throughout the vast region covered here, accordingly with a richness of results as shown by the authors. Befitting of the grand scope of this volume, the individual contributions articulate perspectives from multiple study areas and lines of evidence. Many of the chapters showcase new primary field data from archaeological sites in Southeast Asia. Equally important, other chapters provide updated regional summaries of research in archaeology, linguistics, and human biology from East Asia through to the Western Pacific.’ Mike T. Carson Associate Professor of Archaeology Micronesian Area Research Center University of Guam
Category: Social Science

The Archaeology Of Rock Art In Western Arnhem Land Australia

Author : Bruno David
ISBN : 9781760461621
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63.6 MB
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Western Arnhem Land, in the Top End of Australia’s Northern Territory, has a rich archaeological landscape, ethnographic record and body of rock art that displays an astonishing array of imagery on shelter walls and ceilings. While the archaeology goes back to the earliest period of Aboriginal occupation of the continent, the rock art represents some of the richest, most diverse and visually most impressive regional assemblages anywhere in the world. To better understand this multi-dimensional cultural record, The Archaeology of Rock Art in Western Arnhem Land, Australia focuses on the nature and antiquity of the region’s rock art as revealed by archaeological surveys and excavations, and the application of novel analytical methods. This volume also presents new findings by which to rethink how Aboriginal peoples have socially engaged in and with places across western Arnhem Land, from the north to the south, from the plains to the spectacular rocky landscapes of the plateau. The dynamic nature of Arnhem Land rock art is explored and articulated in innovative ways that shed new light on the region’s deep time Aboriginal history.
Category: Social Science

Ten Thousand Years Of Cultivation At Kuk Swamp In The Highlands Of Papua New Guinea

Author : Jack Golson
ISBN : 9781760461164
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.57 MB
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Kuk is a settlement at c. 1600 m altitude in the upper Wahgi Valley of the Western Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea, near Mount Hagen, the provincial capital. The site forms part of the highland spine that runs for more than 2500 km from the western head of the island of New Guinea to the end of its eastern tail. Until the early 1930s, when the region was first explored by European outsiders, it was thought to be a single, uninhabited mountain chain. Instead, it was found to be a complex area of valleys and basins inhabited by large populations of people and pigs, supported by the intensive cultivation of the tropical American sweet potato on the slopes above swampy valley bottoms. With the end of World War II, the area, with others, became a focus for the development of coffee and tea plantations, of which the establishment of Kuk Research Station was a result. Large-scale drainage of the swamps produced abundant evidence in the form of stone axes and preserved wooden digging sticks and spades for their past use in cultivation. Investigations in 1966 at a tea plantation in the upper Wahgi Valley by a small team from The Australian National University yielded a date of over 2000 years ago for a wooden stick collected from the bottom of a prehistoric ditch. The establishment of Kuk Research Station a few kilometres away shortly afterwards provided an ideal opportunity for a research project.
Category: Social Science

Der Inselgarten

Author : Reinhard Andress
ISBN : 9042014652
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 41.93 MB
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Mallorca läßt zunächst einmal nicht an deutschsprachige Schriftsteller als Exilanten des Dritten Reiches denken. Doch verschlug es einige von ihnen auch dorthin, so Albert Vigoleis Thelen, Harry Graf Kessler, Franz Blei, Karl Otten, Marte Brill, Erich Arendt, Klaus Mann und Herbert Schlüter. Einmal auf der Insel angelangt, verbrachten sie ihre Exilzeit dort unter unterschiedlichen Umständen und verließen Mallorca spätestens 1936, als der Spanische Bürgerkrieg anfing und sie sich gewissermaßen wieder auf der falschen Seite befanden. Ihre Inselerlebnisse haben sie z.T. auch literarisch verarbeitet: Otten und Thelen in den RomanenTorquemadas Schatten und Die Insel des zweiten Gesichts, Blei in einem Romanfragment mit dem Titel Lydwina und Arendt in Gedichten. In den EmigrantenromanenDer Vulkan und Der Schmelztiegel von Mann und Brill hat sich die Insel ebenfalls niedergeschlagen. Die vorliegende Studie setzt sich das Ziel, dieses unbekannte Kapitel in der deutschen Exilforschung aufzuarbeiten. Dabei werden die näheren Umstände der Exilzeit auf Mallorca beleuchtet und die erwähnten Werke analysiert. Zu einem großen Teil stützt sich diese Studie auf unveröffentlichte Quellen
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Material Logistik

Author : Horst Tempelmeier
ISBN : 3540709061
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48.2 MB
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Das Buch bietet einen Überblick über Modelle und Algorithmen zur dynamischen Losgrößenoptimierung für ein- und mehrstufige Erzeugnisstrukturen. Dargestellt werden Prognoseverfahren sowie Verfahren zur optimalen Bestellmengenplanung und Lieferantenauswahl. Neu in der 7. Auflage ist die Unterscheidung zwischen Mikro- und Makroperiodenmodellen, so dass der entsprechende Abschnitt umgestellt und erweitert wurde. Das Buch richtet sich an Studierende der Betriebswirtschaftslehre, des Wirtschaftsingenieurwesen und der Wirtschaftsinformatik.
Category: Business & Economics

Der Letzte Kaiser Von Afrika

Author : Prinz Asfa-Wossen Asserate
ISBN : 9783843706124
Genre : History
File Size : 72.15 MB
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Haile Selassie, legendärer Kaiser von Äthiopien, war einer der bedeutendsten Staatsmänner des 20. Jahrhunderts. Sein Großneffe Prinz Asfa-Wossen Asserate, der seit langem in Deutschland lebt, hat ihn noch persönlich gekannt. Er legt nun die erste fundierte, umfassende Biographie Haile Selassies vor – ein Lebensbild voller farbiger Details und Anekdoten, zugleich ein großartiges Porträt der faszinierenden Geschichte seines Heimatlandes.
Category: History

Husserl Handbuch

Author : Sebastian Luft
ISBN : 9783476054173
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 54.45 MB
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Dieses Handbuch gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über das Gesamtwerk Husserls und seinen Einfluss auf die nachfolgende Philosophie und andere Wissenschaften. Es ist gelichzeitig das erste Referenzwerk, was nicht nur Husserls veröffentlichte Schriften, sondern auch die Themen des zur Husserls Lebzeiten unveröffentlichten Nachlasses berücksichtigt.​Edmund Husserl gilt als der Begründer der Phänomenologie und als einer der wichtigsten Philosophen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Er stand jedoch lange im Schatten seiner Nachfolger wie etwa Martin Heidegger oder Jean-Paul Sartre. Etwa ab den 1990er Jahren setzte eine Wendung ein, da nun Husserls unveröffentlichter Nachlass zunehmend rezipiert wird. Dabei wird deutlich, dass Husserl mit seiner Phänomenologie für die Philosophie wichtiges Neuland erschlossen sowie zu vielen traditionellen Themen der Philosophie wichtige Beiträge geleistet hat. Seine feingliedrigen Beschreibungen und Strukturbestimmungen der Erfahrung und des Bewusstseins hatten darüber hinaus bedeutende Einflüsse auf Disziplinen, wie etwa Psychologie, Anthropologie oder Soziologie.
Category: Philosophy