Democracy After Communism

Author : Larry Diamond
ISBN : 0801870763
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83.10 MB
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The last quarter of the twentieth century was marked by two dramatic political trends that altered many of the world's regimes: the global resurgence of democracy and the collapse of communism. Was the process that brought down communism in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union fundamentally different from the process that gave birth to new democracies in other regions of the world? Were the transitions away from communism mostly like or mostly unlike the transitions away from authoritarianism that took place elsewhere? Is the challenge of building and consolidating democracy under postcommunist conditions unique, or can one apply lessons learned from other new democracies? The essays collected in this volume explore these questions, while tracing how the countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union have fared in the decade following the fall of communism. Contributors: Anders Åslund, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, D.C.; Leszek Balcerowicz, Warsaw School of Economics; Archie Brown, Oxford University and St. Antony's College; Zbigniew Brzezinski, Johns Hopkins University, a former U.S. national security advisor; Valerie Bunce, Cornell University; Nadia Diuk, National Endowment for Democracy in Washington, D.C.; M. Steven Fish, University of California–Berkeley; Charles H. Fairbanks Jr., the Johns Hopkins University; Bronislaw Geremek, former foreign minister of Poland; John Higley, University of Texas at Austin; Judith Kullberg, University of Michigan–Ann Arbor; Mart Laar, prime minister of Estonia; Michael McFaul, Stanford University; Ghia Nodia, Tbilisi State University; Jan Pakulski, University of Tasmania in Australia; Richard Rose, University of Strathclyde in Glasgow; Jacques Rupnik, College of Europe in Bruges; Lilia Shevtsova, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, D.C.; Aleksander Smolar, Stefan Batory Foundation in Warsaw and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris; G.M. Tamás formerly of Georgetown University; Vladimir Tismaneanu, University of Maryland at College Park; Grigory Yavlinsky, member of the Russian State Duma (parliament).
Category: Political Science

Socialism After Communism

Author : Christopher Pierson
ISBN : 0271014792
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67.48 MB
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Christopher Pierson assesses the evidence of terminal decline, but finds rather a whole series of deep-seated challenges to traditional forms of socialist and social democratic thinking. Above all, these problems are to be found in the political economy of social democracy and its commitment to incremental change in the context of an increasingly globalized market economy. The latter chapters of the book are devoted to an assessment of market socialism, one of the most vigorous and innovative attempts to seek to recast socialist aspirations under these quite changed circumstances. In essence, market socialism represents an attempt to reconcile new forms of social ownership with the seeming ubiquity of the market. Having outlined this position, Pierson carefully and systematically critiques it and, in the process, develops a set of distinctive arguments about the nature of social ownership, the potential of the labor-managed economy, and the appropriate forms for an extension of economic democracy.
Category: Political Science

Cuba After Communism

Author : Eliana A. Cardoso
ISBN : 0262031973
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39.54 MB
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Honorable Mention in the category of Economics in the 1992 Professional/Scholarly Publishing Annual Awards Competition presented by the Association of American Publishers, Inc. As once-powerful communist rulers flee their presidential palaces and centralized economies give way to free markets, the future of Latin America's last socialist country hangs in the balance. In a fast-paced style that is both technically sophisticated and admirably free of economic jargon, Eliana Cardoso and Ann Helwege provide a much-needed roadmap for a peaceful and productive transition from communism to capitalism. They vividly depict the tough choices facing Cuba in the years ahead, proposing a series of reforms to ease Cuba through a transition to capitalism while preserving some legitimate gains - such as those in education and health care - that socialism has provided the Cuban people. The authors begin with the crux of Cuba's predicament: it is an overly centralized single-crop economy that is fast running out of money, and it can no longer depend on privileged trade relations with the former Soviet Union. In this difficult period, Cuba faces the challenge of managing an increasingly chaotic, dysfunctional economy. Is Cuba's transition to capitalism bound to yield another Haiti? Cardoso and Helwege answer with a resounding no. They begin their analysis with a fascinating history of the political roots of Cuba, from Cuban "independence" after the Spanish-American War to the rise of Castro and the development of a socialist economy. After discussing the various economic alternatives from neighboring countries—models as diverse as those of Nicaragua, the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, and Chile—the authors present a systematic program to help Cuba prevent economic decline and political chaos, involving rapid privatization and the attraction of foreign investment—while at the same time providing safeguards against the excesses and inequalities endemic to Latin American capitalism. Eliana Cardoso is Associate Professor of Economics at the Fletcher School of Law and Dipolomacy, and Ann Helwege is Assistant Professor in the Department of Urban and Environmental Policy, both at Tufts University. They are authors of an undergraduate text, Latin America's Economy: Diversity, Trends, and Conflicts.
Category: Business & Economics

Russia After Communism

Author : Rick Fawn
ISBN : 0714652938
Genre : History
File Size : 51.20 MB
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Russia's transition from communism holds great significance not only for itself but also for the wider world. This collection of essays examines the spectrum of Russia's transition since 1991 - considering not only the pattern of events but also what the changes have meant for Russians themselves.
Category: History

Twenty Years After Communism

Author : Michael Bernhard
ISBN : 9780199375141
Genre : History
File Size : 55.47 MB
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"Remembering the past, especially as collectivity, is a political process, thus the politics of memory and commemoration is an integral part of the establishment of new political regimes, new identities, and new principles of political legitimacy. This volume is about the explosion of the politics of memory triggered by the fall of state socialism in Eastern Europe, particularly about the politics of its commemoration twenty years later. It offers seventeen in-depth case studies, an original theoretical framework, and a comparative study of memory regime types and their origins. Four different kinds of mnemonic actors are identified: mnemonic warriors, mnemonic pluralists, mnemonic abnegators, and mnemonic prospectives. Their combinations render three different types of memory regimes: fractured, pillarized, and unified. Disciplined comparative analysis shows how several different configurations of factors affect the emergence of mnemonic actors and different varieties of memory regimes. There are three groups of causal factors that influence the political form of the memory regime: the range of structural constraints the actors face (e.g., the type of regime transformation), cultural constraints linked to past political conflict (e.g., salient ethnic or religious cleavages), and cultural and strategic choices actors make (e.g. framing post-communist political identities)"--
Category: History

Elections And Democracy After Communism

Author : E. Herron
ISBN : 9780230621701
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55.26 MB
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This book uses elections as a vehicle to explain the unanticipated outcomes of post-Soviet politics. It assesses how the behavior of voters, candidates and government officials is influenced by the Soviet legacy and rational calculations of self-interest and is the first to address elections across post-Soviet space.
Category: Political Science

Governing After Communism

Author : Vesselin Dimitrov
ISBN : 074254009X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86.33 MB
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This comparative analysis explores the evolution of governance in Central and Eastern Europe. The book considers post-communist leaders' key challenge: the development of central government institutions capable of coordinating, integrating, and steering the policymaking process. Building on a broad range of primary sources and extensive field research, the distinguished authors analyze the processes and outcomes of institution-building in Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, and Bulgaria since the late 1980s. Through their in-depth analysis of the development of national executive institutions, they cast a distinctive new light on debates about EU enlargement, Europeanization, and patterns of governance.
Category: Political Science

Ethnic Politics After Communism

Author : Zoltan D. Barany
ISBN : 0801472768
Genre : History
File Size : 75.23 MB
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The Soviet Union encompassed dozens of nationalities and ethnicities and, in the wake of its collapse, the politics of the area have undergone enormous change. The articles in this book examine various facets of ethnicity in postcommunist Europe and Eurasia.
Category: History

Liberalism After Communism

Author : Jerzy Szacki
ISBN : 1858660165
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 76.52 MB
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This work is the first comprehensive presentation of liberal thought in Central Europe, especially in Poland, before and after 1989. The book contains a critical analysis of the proto-liberal anti-communist democratic opposition, in particular its ideas of the autonomy of the individual and civil society, and a description of economic liberalism as an alternative liberal orientation. The author's main theme, however, is the dilemma of liberalism in a post-communist society in which it is faced with historically unprecedented challenges. In countries which have no liberal tradition or the social or economic conditions which encouraged the emergence of liberalism in the past, the classic tenets of liberalism are undergoing essential modifications. Liberalism inescapably is becoming "constructivist" and serves primarily as the justification for a remarkable kind of social engineering whose objective is the rapid building of capitalism. This book is both an important contribution to our knowledge of the post-communist world and a voice in thh discussion on the nature and future of liberalism.
Category: Political Science

After Communism

Author : Jacques Lesourne
ISBN : 3718652129
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62.6 MB
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Jacques Lesourne, editor of "Le Monde," and a distinguished colleague provide a history of the epochal changes in Europe and the USSR since Gorbachev took power, and consider the scenarios that could develop over the next 20 years. Part I charts therist of Gorbachev, the events of 1989, the reunification of Germany and the end of the Cold War. Part II is a bold attempt at geo-political and economic forecasting: what will become of the economies of Eastern Europe, what are the prospects of an enlarged EC, and what of the former USSR? In a time of bewildering change "After Communism" is the attempt by two leading experts to unravel the skein of chance and necessity that is Europe's recent history and to illuminate its possible futures.
Category: Political Science