AFRICAN POTTERY ROULETTES PAST AND PRESENT TECHNIQUES IDENTIFICATION AND DISTRIBUTION

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African Pottery Roulettes Past And Present

Author : Anne Haour
ISBN : 9781842178751
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75.29 MB
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African Pottery Roulettes Past and Present considers ethnographic, museological and archaeological approaches to pottery-decorating tools called roulettes, that is to say, short lengths of fibre or wood that are rolled over the surface of a vessel for decoration. This book sets out, for the first time, a solid typology for the classification of African pottery decorated with such tools, and forges a consensus on common methodology and standards. It gives an overview of history of research into roulette decoration in Africa and elsewhere Jomon Japan, Neolithic Europe, Siberia, and New York among others; outlines the contemporary distribution of roulette usage in sub-Saharan African today, a 'success story' from Senegal to Tanzania; and proposes methodologies for the identification of selected roulette decoration types in the archaeological record. By achieving standardisation in pottery analysis, this book will help researchers make meaningful comparisons between different sites of West Africa, and thus guide further research on the West African past. As roulette decoration has been such a global phenomenon in the past, the book will also be of interest to all researchers with an interest in ceramics from different parts of the world.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of African Archaeology

Author : Peter Mitchell
ISBN : 9780191626159
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70.8 MB
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Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.
Category: Social Science

Journal Of African Archaeology

Author : P. Breunig
ISBN : 3937248269
Genre : History
File Size : 39.90 MB
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Contents include: Editorial; Foraging, Food Production and Laminar Components in the Northern Cape, South Africa, and Beyond; he Iron Age Ceramics from the Tong Hills, Northern Ghana. Sequence and Comparative Perspective; Early Iron Age Burials from Equatorial Guinea: The Sites of Corisco Island; A Glass Bead Sequence for Southern Africa from the 8th to the 16th Century AD; A Middle Stone Age Assemblage with Discoid Lithic Technology from Etemba 14, Erongo Mountains, Northern Namibia; Review of A. Campbell, L. Robbins & M. Taylor (eds.). Tsodilo Hills: Copper Bracelet of the Kalahari; Review of M. Bollig & O. Bubenzer (eds.). African Landscapes: Interdisciplinary Approaches; Review of K. Randsborg & I. Merkyte. Benin Archaeology: The Ancient Kingdoms; Review of A. Haour, K. Manning, N. Arazi, O. Gosselain, N.S. Gueye, D. Keita, A. Livingstone Smith, K. MacDonald, A. Mayor, S. McIntosh & R. Vernet (eds.). African Pottery Roulettes, Past and Present: Techniques, Identification and Distribution; Review of A. Haour & B. Rossi. Being and Becoming Hausa: Interdisciplinary Perspectives; Review of M. Dominguez-Rodrigo, L. Alcala & L. Luque (eds.). Peninj: A Research Project on Human Origins (1995-2005); Review of H.J. Drewal & E. Schildkrout. Dynasty and Divinity: Ife Art in Ancient Nigeria; Review of C. Saidi. Women's Authority and Society in East-Central Africa
Category: History

A Universal Theory Of Pottery Production

Author : Richard A. Krause
ISBN : 9780817318987
Genre : History
File Size : 78.53 MB
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An interactional theory of artifact description -- A theory of ceramic production : the focal form -- A theory of production steps and stages -- The classification of artifact complexes -- Background for the study of the ceramic sample from Paso del Indio -- The Paso del Indio sample size, morphology, and manufacture -- Modes of appendation -- Decoration, drying, and firing -- Summary and discussion
Category: History

The Signal And The Noise

Author : Nate Silver
ISBN : 9780143125082
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48.76 MB
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The founder of FiveThirtyEight.com challenges myths about predictions in subjects ranging from the financial market and weather to sports and politics, profiling the world of prediction to explain how readers can distinguish true signals from hype, in a report that also reveals the sources and societal costs of wrongful predictions.
Category: Business & Economics

The Politics Of Heritage Management In Mali

Author : Charlotte L Joy
ISBN : 9781315417523
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38.45 MB
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The UNESCO World Heritage Site of Djenné, in modern day Mali, is exalted as an enduring wonder of the ancient African world by archaeologists, anthropologists, state officials, architects and travel writers. In this revealing study, the author critically examines how the politics of heritage management, conservation, and authenticity play essential roles in the construction of Djenné’s past and its appropriation for contemporary purposes. Despite its great renown, the majority of local residents remain desperately poor. And while most are proud of their cultural heritage, they are often troubled by the limitations it places on their day to day living conditions. Joy argues for a more critical understanding of this paradox and urges us all to reconsider the moral and philosophical questions surrounding the ways in which we use the past in the present.
Category: Social Science

Capital As Power

Author : Jonathan Nitzan
ISBN : 9781134022298
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78.44 MB
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Conventional theories of capitalism are mired in a deep crisis: after centuries of debate, they are still unable to tell us what capital is. Liberals and Marxists both think of capital as an ‘economic’ entity that they count in universal units of ‘utils’ or ‘abstract labour’, respectively. But these units are totally fictitious. Nobody has ever been able to observe or measure them, and for a good reason: they don’t exist. Since liberalism and Marxism depend on these non-existing units, their theories hang in suspension. They cannot explain the process that matters most – the accumulation of capital. This book offers a radical alternative. According to the authors, capital is not a narrow economic entity, but a symbolic quantification of power. It has little to do with utility or abstract labour, and it extends far beyond machines and production lines. Capital, the authors claim, represents the organized power of dominant capital groups to reshape – or creorder – their society. Written in simple language, accessible to lay readers and experts alike, the book develops a novel political economy. It takes the reader through the history, assumptions and limitations of mainstream economics and its associated theories of politics. It examines the evolution of Marxist thinking on accumulation and the state. And it articulates an innovative theory of ‘capital as power’ and a new history of the ‘capitalist mode of power’.
Category: Political Science

Reinterpreting Chronology And Society At The Mortuary Complex Of Jebel Moya Sudan

Author : Michael Jonathan Brass
ISBN : 1784914312
Genre :
File Size : 30.7 MB
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Jebel Moya (south-central Sudan) is the largest known pastoral cemetery in sub- Saharan Africa with more than 3100 excavated human burials. This research revises our understanding of Jebel Moya and its context. After reviewing previous applications of social complexity theory to mortuary data, new questions are posed for the applicability of such theory to pastoral cemeteries. Reliable radiometric dating of Jebel Moya for the first time by luminescence dates is tied in to an attribute-based approach to discern three distinctive pottery assemblages. Three distinct phases of occupation are recognized: the first two (early fifth millennium BC, and the mid-second to early first millennium BC) from pottery sherds, and the third (first century BC - sixth century AD) with habitation and the vast majority of the mortuary remains. Analytically, new statistical and spatial analyses such as cross-pair correlation function and multidimensional scaling provide information on zones of interaction across the mortuary assemblages. Finally, an analysis of mortuary locales contemporary with phase three (Meroitic and post-Meroitic periods) from the central Sudan and Upper and Lower Nubia are examined to show how changing social, economic and power relations were conceptualized, and to highlight Jebel Moya's potential to serve as a chronological and cultural reference point for future studies in south-central and southern Sudan.
Category:

Viruses Plagues And History

Author : Michael B. A. Oldstone M.D.
ISBN : 9780199754847
Genre : History
File Size : 78.32 MB
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The story of viruses and humanity is a story of fear and ignorance, of grief and heartbreak, and of great bravery and sacrifice. Michael Oldstone tells all these stories as he illuminates the history of the devastating diseases that have tormented humanity, focusing mostly on the most famous viruses. Oldstone begins with smallpox, polio, and measles. Nearly 300 million people were killed by smallpox in this century alone and the author presents a vivid account of the long campaign to eradicate this lethal killer. Oldstone then describes the fascinating viruses that have captured headlines in more recent years: Ebola, Hantavirus, mad cow disease (a frightening illness made worse by government mishandling and secrecy), and, of course, AIDS. And he tells us of the many scientists watching and waiting even now for the next great plague, monitoring influenza strains to see whether the deadly variant from 1918--a viral strain that killed over 20 million people in 1918-1919--will make a comeback. For this revised edition, Oldstone includes discussions of new viruses like SARS, bird flu, virally caused cancers, chronic wasting disease, and West Nile, and fully updates the original text with new findings on particular viruses. Viruses, Plagues, and History paints a sweeping portrait of humanity's long-standing conflict with our unseen viral enemies. Oldstone's book is a vivid history of a fascinating field, and a highly reliable dispatch from an eminent researcher on the front line of this ongoing campaign.
Category: History